China, People's Republic of: Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning

Sovereign Project | 44021-013

Summary

The project aims to promote balanced and environmentally sustainable urbanization; narrow the rural-urban gap; and improve living conditions by supporting the development of five key townships in central Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China (PRC). The project will support urban water supply, wastewater management, energy efficient heat supply, and urban road and bridge construction and related services.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices

See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning
Project Number 44021-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2901-PRC: Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project aims to promote balanced and environmentally sustainable urbanization; narrow the rural-urban gap; and improve living conditions by supporting the development of five key townships in central Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China (PRC). The project will support urban water supply, wastewater management, energy efficient heat supply, and urban road and bridge construction and related services.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Located in northeast PRC, Liaoning Province's economic base is transitioning from state-owned heavy industries to light and service industries. State investment is aiding this transformation, but cities are finding it more difficult to harness employment opportunities and economic growth. Moreover, planners expect 85% of central Liaoning Province's population to be urbanized by 2020, largely through rural-urban migration. In the coming decade, the demands of tens of millions of rural migrants for urban infrastructure, municipal services, and employment, must be satisfied.

Although Liaoning's key central townships have made substantial progress in facilitating economic growth, assistance is needed to combat heavy pollution, poor living conditions, inadequate public services, and comparatively high unemployment. Recognizing that current urbanization trends will place excessive pressure on the provincial capital of Shenyang, the Liaoning provincial government (LPG) intends facilitating urbanization of key central townships, by strengthening their infrastructure to support higher populations. Reflecting Asian Development Bank (ADB) advice , the Liaoning Urbanization Strategy and the Central Liaoning Cluster Development Strategy will support the Shenyang Metropolitan Area: State Pilot Zone for Coordinating New Industrialization Reforms. The Shenyang metropolitan area comprises eight cities and is a national pilot zone for revitalizing northeast PRC's industrial base. The concept is "one core, five corridors, and ten clusters". One core refers to the Shenyang economic zone, which will focus on supporting regionally-focused high-technology industries. New economic zones will be established along five converging, inter-city connection corridors. Ten industrial cluster pilot zones will be developed within the five corridors. The pilot is intended to inform regional development in the PRC, promote regional cooperation with northeast Asian countries, and support sustainable industrial transformation in line with the PRC's circular economy approach (reduce, reuse, recycle).

This project will build on ADB's Liaoning small cities and towns project and is intended to demonstrate clustered urban agglomeration and integrated rural-urban development while incorporating environmental and social considerations in planning and development. The proposed project reflects two early lessons from the ongoing project. First, a project rather than a sector approach will be taken in recognition of constraints imposed by domestic procedures. Second, the selection of participating towns will be more tightly driven by clustering considerations. Further lessons will be identified and incorporated during implementation of the project preparatory technical assistance (PPTA).

Issues for key central townships include poor infrastructure, severe pollution, significant poverty levels, non-integrated development management, and rural migrants with mismatched employment skills. The project aims to address these issues through interventions to support economic growth, environmental protection, infrastructure improvement, and rural-urban transition support. The main project components are water and wastewater, roads and associated services, district heating, and rural-urban transition support. Inadequate public transportation and central heating supply contribute to gender inequities in the burden of household work. To maximize project benefits, women will be given priority in employment and training opportunities during the project construction and operation phases. Environmental benefits are expected to include (i) improved water quality due to expanded wastewater treatment; and (ii) improved air quality through reduced traffic emissions and as inefficient coal-fired heating boilers and home heating stoves are abandoned.

LPG is selecting participating key central townships through a competitive process. Selection considerations include (i) consistency with planning objectives, including being located in the central Liaoning urban cluster; (ii) ability to yield significant socioeconomic, environmental and financial benefits; (iii) status of preparatory activities; (iv) financial and institutional implementation capacity, including counterpart funds and loan-servicing capacity; (v) consistency of implementation timeframes; and (vi) non-participation in the ongoing project. The selection is expected to be completed prior to mobilization of the PPTA consultants.

The project is consistent with the PRC's 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) 2006-2010, which is promoting city development to provide higher living standards for rural migrants. Moreover, the ADB-financed Town-Based Urbanization Strategy Study, underpinned the PRC's national town development policy which calls for stronger linkages between major cities and peripheral settlements. The 12th FYP 2011-2015 is expected to further reinforce these directions. Recognizing ADB's commitment to private sector development, opportunities for private sector participation will be explored during project design. The project is aligned with ADB's Country Partnership Strategy for the PRC and conforms to ADB's Water Policy and Water Financing Program. It is consistent with ADB's urban sector strategy and the PRC's urbanization strategy which support rural-urban integration, infrastructure investments in settlements that are dynamic growth engines and sources of social services, and economic growth rebalancing. It also supports ADB's Climate Change Program , through reduced vehicle emissions per trip, enhanced water resources management, and reduced greenhouse gas emissions from coal-fired heating boilers. ADB's Sustainable Transport Initiative will inform the design of urban road components and related institutional and capacity development assistance, for instance through support to improve public transport.

Impact More competitive, green, and inclusive urbanization in key townships in central Liaoning
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved sanitation, heating, and transport services in key townships in central Liaoning
Progress Toward Outcome Rehabilitation of urban roads and alleys has commenced in three of the six participating townships.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved wastewater management facilities operating

2. Upgraded district heating network operating in Fuxin (Sihe town)

3. Urban roads and bridges opened to traffic, and related services operating

4. Capacity developed and institutions strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Procurement has not yet commenced.

2. Procurement has commenced.

3. Procurement has commenced in some of the participating townships.

4. Commenced.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Project EIA has been posted to ADB's website in advance of board consideration (25 September 2012).
Involuntary Resettlement

The project resettlement plans have been prepared and dislcosed on ADB's website in advance of board consideration (25 September 2012).

Further update of the resettlement plan for the Gaizhou sub-project is disclosed on ADB's website.

Indigenous Peoples No significant issues are expected.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Substantial consultations were conducted with stakeholders during PPTA implementation.
During Project Implementation Substantial consultations with stakeholders have commenced.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services It is expected that the project will finance international and national consulting services to support project implementation, management, and institutional capacity building. These requirements will be determined during PPTA implementation and consulting services will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be considered. Provincial, municipal, and national levels of Government were involved in project identification and conceptualization.
Procurement To be determined during PPTA implementation.
Responsible ADB Officer Maria Pia Ancora
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Liaoning Provincial GovernmentLUCRPO@VIP.163.COMF24,Liaoning Urban Construction and Rene
wal Proj.Office,Changxin Bldg.,Qingnian
St. Heping Dist.,Shenyang, Liaoning,PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Oct 2010
Fact Finding 12 Apr 2012 to 04 May 2012
MRM 22 Jun 2012
Approval 25 Sep 2012
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 25 Oct 2010
Last PDS Update 17 Mar 2015

Loan 2901-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Sep 2012 07 Jan 2013 25 Mar 2013 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 395.35 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 150.00 25 Sep 2012 49.41 0.00 33%
Counterpart 245.35 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Sep 2012 29.85 0.00 20%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Gaizhou Urban Road and Xinmin Urban Road Subprojects - Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Mar 2015
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Social Monitoring Report (December 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2014
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Gaizhou Urban Road Subproject - Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2014
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Heishan Subproject Resettlement Plans Mar 2014
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Huanren Subproject Resettlement Plans Mar 2014
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Xinmin Subproject Resettlement Plans Mar 2014
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Gaizhou Subproject Resettlement Plans May 2013
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Shenbei Subproject Resettlement Plans Jun 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Xinmin Subproject Resettlement Plans Jun 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Heishan Subproject Resettlement Plans Jun 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning Project Environmental Impact Assessments May 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Waitoushan Subproject Resettlement Plans May 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Gaizhou Subproject Resettlement Planning Documents May 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Resettlement Due Diligence Report for Fuxin Component Resettlement Planning Documents May 2012
Integrated Development of Key Townships in Central Liaoning: Huanren Subproject Resettlement Plans May 2012

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.