China, People's Republic of: Policy Study on Strategic Options for Urbanization

Sovereign Project | 44024-012

Summary

The policy study on strategic options for urbanization in the PRC will focus on in-depth and systematic analyses of three important urban development issues: (i) the projected pace and spatial distribution of urbanization in the PRC, (ii) the emerging urban structural pattern of the PRC's city system across the country, and (iii) the policy and institutional reforms and other interventions needed to facilitate coherent, sustainable urban development in the PRC. Special attention will be given to the policy and institutional reforms needed to address the challenges associated with the massive migration of people from rural to urban areas in terms of providing adequate (i) basic infrastructure such as housing, social and municipal services; (ii) public employment services; and (iii) social security coverage for the fast-growing urban population.

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Project Name Policy Study on Strategic Options for Urbanization
Project Number 44024-012
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7533-PRC: Policy Study on Strategic Options for Urbanization
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Public sector management - Economic affairs management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The policy study on strategic options for urbanization in the PRC will focus on in-depth and systematic analyses of three important urban development issues: (i) the projected pace and spatial distribution of urbanization in the PRC, (ii) the emerging urban structural pattern of the PRC's city system across the country, and (iii) the policy and institutional reforms and other interventions needed to facilitate coherent, sustainable urban development in the PRC. Special attention will be given to the policy and institutional reforms needed to address the challenges associated with the massive migration of people from rural to urban areas in terms of providing adequate (i) basic infrastructure such as housing, social and municipal services; (ii) public employment services; and (iii) social security coverage for the fast-growing urban population.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for PRC has highlighted the importance of urbanization in promoting inclusive growth and balanced development and has specified that "ADB will directly support the sound and sustainable urban development needed to continue urbanizing and modernizing the economy". With the TA, ADB will promote sound and sustainable urban development in the PRC through providing direct support for formulation of the urbanization strategy in the context of the 12th FYP, which will have a long lasting and far reaching impact on urbanization across the country. The TA will also help ADB identify and establish its own strategic operation focus in the urban sector of the PRC during the 12th FYP period, thus placing the basis to prepare the urban sector roadmap for the next CPS.
Impact Sustained urbanization in the PRC under the guidance of a well-formulated urbanization strategy
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome A recommended urban development strategy for the PRC that is suitable for incorporation by the government in the 12th FYP to guide sustained and harmonized urbanization in the PRC
Progress Toward Outcome Knowledge product on strategic options for urbanization in the PRC has been published by ADB.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. A systematic analysis of policy and strategic options for the government in fostering sustainable urbanization in the PRC

2. A set of comparative analyses of different growth and urbanization scenarios in the PRC

3. A set of comparative analyses of different urban structural patterns under different demographic and geographic scenarios

4. A set of recommendations for policy and institutional reforms and public interventions to support sustainable urban development in the PRC

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

TA implementation is progressing smoothly.

The TA inception mission was fielded on 26-27 January 2011 to participate in the workshop held in Beijing on 26 January and a follow-up working group meeting on 27 January to discuss TA operation matters. The updated version of the inception report, which served as the basis for tripartite review at the workshop, was submitted by CCUD on 20 January 2011.

The interim report was submitted by CCUD in July 2011, which covers three general themes targeted under the TA for systematic analyses.

A midterm review workshop was held in Beijing on 19 July 2011. A tripartite midterm review meeting, attended by the officials from NDRC, CCUD, and the international consultant, was held to discuss TA implementation.

Four individual international consultants have each submitted a research paper (the Research Paper) providing a comparative study on housing policy, and/or practice for urban planning and land management among the selected countries.

The first overseas study tour, participated by officials from the National Development and Reform Commission, visited 3 Northern European countries including Finland, Sweden, and Denmark to learn about the advanced experience and practices in urban planning and urban construction, was conducted in September 2011.

A special review mission was fielded on 20 February 2012 in Beijing, PRC to conduct a tripartite review meeting with NDRC and CCUD to review implementation status and remaining tasks of the policy study.

A review mission was fielded on 27-31 March 2012 in Beijing, PRC to conduct a high level forum together with NDRC to review the draft final report prepared by CCUD on 30 March and to conduct a joint review meeting on TA implementation to facilitate smooth transfer of the project team leadership.

The second overseas study tour, participated by officials from the NDRC and local DRCs, visited Spain, UK, and the US in April 2012 to learn about the advanced experiences and practices in urban development and planning, and low carbon development.

The TA completion date was extended to 31 October 2012 to allow sufficient time to complete the following activities: (i) delivery and publication of the final report and knowledge product. (ii) joint presentation, (iii) second overseas study tour, and (iv) special training program in Singapore.

A joint presentation team comprising 4 officials from both NDRC and CCUD, and the Lead International Consultant presented the policy study (knowledge product) at the Urban Community of Practice in ADB headquarters on 17 August 2012.

The final report was submitted on 20 November 2012. The draft report publication was submitted in November 2012 to ADB for approval.

The TA completion date was extended to 30 June 2013.

The preparation of the knowledge product is completed and also published. The TA is scheduled to be closed by end September 2013.

Geographical Location PRC-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project concept has been developed through close consultation with the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and NDRC, which is supported with consultation with representatives from the local governments, universities, and think tanks. Based on the understandings reached, MOF and NDRC jointly submitted to ADB the TA proposal during the Country Programming Mission conducted in December 2009.
During Project Implementation The policy study will be undertaken collaboratively by the government and ADB. The findings of the expert team will be jointly reviewed by the government and ADB at the international workshops organized at each of the major TA implementation milestones, and these findings and views will be taken into consideration in preparation of the urban thematic plan under the 12th FYP. Scholars and experts from important think-tanks and universities will be involved in the review process.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will field an expert team whose inputs include 5 person-months of international consulting services and 27 person-months of national consulting services for the policy study. The international consulting services will include an international urbanization specialist (2 person-months), international social development specialist (2 person-months, and international urban governance specialist (1 person-month). The national consulting services will include a lead urbanization specialist (4 person-months), strategic planning specialist (3 person-months), regional planning specialist (3 person-months), urban governance specialist (3 person-months), social development specialist (3 person-months), transport development specialist (3 person-months), urban development specialist (2 person-months), environmental planning specialist (2 person-months), land policy specialist (2 person-months), and low-cost housing specialist (2 person-months). All the consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The international consulting services will be engaged by ADB on an individual basis, while the national consulting services will be engaged through a national consulting firm or research institution (i.e. a firm or institution established or incorporated in the PRC), using the quality- and cost-based selection method at a quality-cost ratio of 90:10 through through evaluation of biodata proposals.
Responsible ADB Officer Sangay Penjor
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
National Development and Reform CommissionMs. Wang Liwangl@ndrc.gov.cn38 Yuetannanjie, Xicheng District, Beijing 100824, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 14 Apr 2010
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 10 May 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 15 Apr 2010
Last PDS Update 20 Sep 2013

TA 7533-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 May 2010 14 Jun 2010 14 Jun 2010 30 Jun 2011 30 Jun 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
600,000.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 750,000.00 10 May 2010 526,167.89

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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