The PRC-Mongolia Joint Consultation Workshop on Regional Cooperation was organized in 26-27 May 2011. The two governments reviewed the progress of regional cooperation in the past three years and agreed on priority actions for the 2011 and 2012. A field visit was organized for Mongolian participants to Tianjin Port, which serves as the seaport for Mongolia's international trade. The two governments also agreed to expand the PRC-Mongolia cooperation into the sanitary and phyto-sanitary area.
Three PRC-Mongolia JCC working group meetings have been organized under the TA on 30 May-1 June 2011 in Ulaanbaatar, 22-24 May 2012 in Erlian of PRC and 12-16 November 2013 respectively. The JCC pilot, which was originally introduced in December 2009 in Zamyn-Uud and Erlian, has been expanded to cover 4 pairs of border crossing points. The JCC working group meeting in November 2013 reviewed the progress of the JCC pilot tests since 2009, and concluded that (i) JCC has helped streamline the customs inspection; (ii) use of the harmonized cargo manifests has reduced time and cost for traders and also helped reduce the incidences of customs violations; and (iii) accuracy of data on cross-border road transport has improved. A special JCC working group meeting on e-Manifest was held on 13-15 August 2014, and both sides have agreed on a set of technical specifications of the design of e-Manifest. They further agreed to officially launch the e-Manifest before the end of 2015. ADB will continue to help organize the JCC working group meetings and support the further expansion and deepening of JCC between the two countries.
The TA has supported six training courses for Mongolian customs officers in Shanghai Customs College, which is the Asia-Pacific Regional Training Center designated by World Customs Organization, including two courses in June 2011, two courses in June 2012, and two courses in May 2013 respectively. The key subjects covered by the training include customs risk management, application of modern ICT in customs management, management of special customs zone, etc..
The TA is also helping the two governments establish a bilateral mechanism for dialogues to address various issues related to border area development. Initial focus will be on the border area covering Zamyn-Uud and Erlian which serve as the major gateway for bilateral and transit trade.
The PRC-Mongolia transport working group meetings have been held anually. The amended road transport agreement was signed on 16 June 2011 in Beijing during the official visit of the Mongolian Prime Minister to PRC. A team of PRC and Mongolian national consultants engaged under the TA is preparing operational manuals for implementing the road transport agreements. The working group meetings was organized on 28-29 September 2013 in Hohhot, PRC and 25-26 September 2014 respectively to discuss the details of the manual, which is expected to be finalized before end of 2014. A study tour was organized for Mongolian transport officials to the PRC to learn PRC's experience in national and provincial transport planning and multimodal transport (including logistics) development. Other capacity building activities will also be organized in collaboration with the transport ministries of the two countries. PRC and MON transport officials also conduct a joint field tour of the CAREC corridor 4b on 27-28 September 2014.
ADB is also facilitating dialogues between the inspection and quarantine agencies of the two countries with a view to launch cooperation in sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) areas.
The TA also provided funding support to the organization of RCI conference held in Kunming of the PRC in March 2012. The conference, the first ever of its kind, brought together about two hundred senior government officials and private sector representatives from ADB's developing member countries to share experience in implementing RCI programs and agree on future priorities in RCI for Asia and the Pacific region.
Due to the latested government changes in MON in second half of 2014, TA implementation had some delay. The completion date of the TA has been extended to 31 December 2015.
Major progress achieved in TA implementation in 2015 include the following: (i) the customs authorities of the two countries agreed to launch e-manifest by November 2015; (ii) a joint case-study of JCC was conducted, supported by international consultant; (iii) the transport agreement operational manual was finanlized, ready for printing and distribution in November; (iv) the PRC and MON transport ministries signed a MOU that will allow Mongolian vehicles to drive to Tianjin and PRC vehicles to drive to Ulaanbaatarthat, providing great facilitation to cross-border transport.