Kazakhstan: MFF- Small and Medium Enterprise Investment Program

Sovereign Project | 44060-013

Summary

The $500 million multranche financing facility (MFF) to the Damu Entrepreneurship Fund (Damu), a state- owned entity responsible for the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan) will help address the demand for long term credit by viable SMEs over the medium term.

The facility provides local currency (tenge) fixed interest rate financial intermediation loans (FILs) to participating financial institutions (PFIs) for lending to small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). The Tranche 1 project (Tranche 1) of T22.2 billion ($150 million equivalent) became effective on September 2011 and was completed on September 2013. The Tranche 2 project (Tranche 2), of $122 million, became effective on November 2014 and was fully disbursed to the PFIs in December 2014. As of 31 January 2015, $2.6 million equivalent had been disbursed to end borrowers SMEs.

Tranche 3 was approved by ADB's management in December 2014 and is awaiting effectivity.

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Project Name MFF- Small and Medium Enterprise Investment Program
Project Number 44060-013
Country Kazakhstan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
MFF Facility Concept 0048-KAZ: MFF- Small and Medium Enterprise Investment Program
Ordinary capital resources US$ 500.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Finance - Small and medium enterprise finance and leasing
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The $500 million multranche financing facility (MFF) to the Damu Entrepreneurship Fund (Damu), a state- owned entity responsible for the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan) will help address the demand for long term credit by viable SMEs over the medium term.

The facility provides local currency (tenge) fixed interest rate financial intermediation loans (FILs) to participating financial institutions (PFIs) for lending to small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). The Tranche 1 project (Tranche 1) of T22.2 billion ($150 million equivalent) became effective on September 2011 and was completed on September 2013. The Tranche 2 project (Tranche 2), of $122 million, became effective on November 2014 and was fully disbursed to the PFIs in December 2014. As of 31 January 2015, $2.6 million equivalent had been disbursed to end borrowers SMEs.

Tranche 3 was approved by ADB's management in December 2014 and is awaiting effectivity.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB is committed to support SME development in Kazakhastan. However, because of the poor health of the banking sector, it is difficult for ADB to provide traditional nonsovereign credit lines and guarantee operations. For example, ADB's 2009 Countercyclical Support Program helped the government to fund post-crisis SME credit support operations. At the request of the government, ADB looked at a number of options to provide continued support over the medium term through its sovereign operations. The government requested flexibility in lending products as the health of the finance sector improves, and asked that these products help to mitigate currency, interest, and tenor mismatch issues. Damu also requested assistance in improving its efficiency and effectiveness to enable it to raise external financing over the longer term.

In response, ADB developed the investment program, which is consistent with ADB's overall strategy for Kazakhstan and reflects lessons learned. The investment program is designed as an MFF, under which a series of local currency loans and other financing products will be provided over the medium term. The MFF enables flexibility as it will allow ADB to provide different forms of support (direct loans or guarantees) to Damu to help it fund its lending to Participating Financial Institutions (PFIs). The MFF also enables ADB to enter into a multiyear partnership with Damu (and possible cofinancing partners) while creating stability and credibility at the level of the financing plan. To reflect lessons learned, the investment program envisions a series of medium-term, fixed-rate, local currency loans to Damu that will be used to fund back-to-back subloans to PFIs for onlending to SMEs. By providing such loans, ADB will directly address currency, interest rate, and tenor mismatch risks. Experience has shown that these financial risks have been a significant cause of stress for SMEs and their banks.

For the tranche 1 loan, ADB raised local currency through cross-currency swaps with international bank counterparties. ADB has been able to leverage its relationships with international banks and utilize its AAA rating to extend the tenor and lower the pricing of cross-currency swaps. For subsequent tranches, ADB will work with MOE and Damu on the issuance of local currency bonds (LCBs) by ADB or, with an ADB guarantee, by Damu. Issuance of LCBs will help develop the local capital market by providing local investors with the opportunity to diversify their investment portfolios; introduce international best practice standards; help develop a local corporate bond yield curve and establish pricing benchmarks for other issuers; and advance the process of mobilizing and channeling domestic savings into longer-term investments.

Impact The project's impact will be sustained job creation and economic growth through SME development.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome SMEs have increased access to medium term credit on a sustainable basis.
Progress Toward Outcome

By the closing date of the Tranche 1 loan, September 2013, the PFIs had provided on a cumulative basis T32.3 billion of SME loans, of which 27% funded new investments, 57% financed working capital, and 16% refinanced existing loans.

In total, Damu channeled 750 billion Tenge to SMEs (as per revision in July 2013, new MFF baseline is 388 billion in 2009).

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Medium-term financing to SMEs

Improved effectiveness and efficiency of Damu

Improved financial sector outreach, with a focus on women entrepreneurs

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

By the closing date of Tranche 1, September 2013, a total of 2,337 loans were disbursed by PFIs to 734 SME borrowers, using ADB proceeds. (for inconsistencies with Data indicators interpretation, refer to changes made to MFF DMF). The average amount lent to each SME borrower was T44 million ($290,000) and the average loan was T14 million ($90,000). Women were 30.5% of total SME borrowers.

Between 2012 and 2013 Damu approved 8 changes to its internal risk management processes and 6 changes to improve its corporate governance.

By the closing date of the Tranche 1 loan, end September 2013, 30.5% of borrowers of Damu programs were women.

Geographical Location Kazakhstan
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The facility has been categorized as FI in accordance with ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS, 2009). Safeguards due diligence has been conducted to assess potential environmental and social risks and impacts associated with qualified PFI s likely future portfolios, along with their commitment and capacity for environmental management. Tranche 1 was treated as category C for envionmental safeguard components based on ADB SPS. Tranche 2 under the MFF will be treated as Category B for environment safeguard components based on ADB s SPS. Damu and each of the PFIs will have in place or establish an ESMS to be maintained as part of its overall management system to meet Kazakhstan national laws and norms and ADB s safeguards requirements. Each PFI that receives proceeds of a loan under the Facility is required to submit to ADB: (i) a copy of its ESMS to be used in implementing this loan for ADB approval prior to submitting its first withdrawal application; and (ii) asemi-annual report on its compliance with its ESMS. The PFIs will prepare and submit semi-annual environmental monitoring reports on the implementation status of their ESMS to ADB.

To ensure compliance with ADBs safeguard policy on environment, the selection criteria for PFIs include an assessment of their internal environment and safeguard systems. Eligibility criteria for onlending will be limited to low risk SMEs whose environmental impacts are expected to be negligible and for which no environmental evaluation will be required. For the first tranche the Mission Team's assessment concluded that the financial intermediary's business activities had minimal or no adverse environmental impacts. Therefore the Project is treated as a category C project. Lessons learned on environmental management from ADBs experience with credit line through the private sector operations will be built into the Project design.

Involuntary Resettlement No social safeguards are triggered by the project. No activities are planned in disputed areas. The Project will not finance any investments involving land acquisition or involuntary resettlement of people anywhere in Kazakhstan. This FI loan is treated as category C.
Indigenous Peoples The loan covenants covering all tranches for this MFF loan will ensure that projects that will be financed will have no adverse impact on indigenous peoples. Therefore, this FI loan is treated as category C.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) actively supports SMEs in Kazakhstan. EBRD programs fund international advisers who provide capacity building and training for SMEs and support to rural SMEs to improve their operations, enter new markets, and gain access to financing. The United States Agency for International Development has supported programs that have provided extensive training on business and consulting essentials to mostly start-up entrepreneurs and nongovernment organization business service providers. EBRD has extended several credit lines to commercial banks to fund lending to SMEs. Their projects are sometimes supported by technical assistance (TA) to help banks introduce a credit scoring methodology and improve their SME lending policies. The World Bank has provided Kazakhstan with the Second Agricultural Post-Privatization Project ($96.1 million), which has a component for promoting sustainable rural microfinance. The International Finance Corporation promotes SME development through its debt and equity investments in banks that provide loans to SMEs. ADB coordinated closely with other development partners in preparing the investment program and MFF.
During Project Implementation Consultation with business associations and development partners (EBRD, WB, IFC) takes place as part of the review missions.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Under TA 7634-KAZ: Improving Capacity to Support SME Development, ADB engaged a qualified team of consultants in accordance with its Guidelines on Use of Consultants by ADB and Its Borrowers (2013, as amended from time to time). Seven individual experts and 1 consulting firm were recruited to implement the TA. A firm was hired to conduct a survey to clarify ongoing constraints to SME development and help define measures that Damu can implement to more effectively address such constraints. The TA commenced on 17 November 2011 and was completed on 31 December 2013.
Procurement As this is a financial intermediation loan, there is no procurement involved in this project, other than consulting services.
Responsible ADB Officer Inmaculada Martinez
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
DAMU Entrepreneurship Development FundKanat Sultangaziev, Deputy ChairpersonKanat.Sultangaziev@fund.kzGogol St., 111, Almaty Kazakhstan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 02 Jul 2010
Fact Finding 19 Jul 2010 to 30 Jul 2010
MRM 17 Aug 2010
Approval 29 Sep 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 10 Aug 2010
Last PDS Update 25 Mar 2015

MFF Facility Concept 0048-KAZ

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 700.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 500.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 200.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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