Regional: Water and Adaptation Interventions in Central and West Asia

Sovereign Project | 44066-012

Summary

The TA will develop and introduce measures to adapt to changing hydrological regimes. These measures will build climate resilience in target watersheds against anticipated disaster scenarios, reducing potentially adverse climate impact on energy supply, food production, and environmental sustainability. The impact of the TA will be more efficient national strategies for climate change adaptation. The outcome will be national capacity to model climate scenarios and develop adaptation strategies.

The TA will have 2 phases: (i) development of a knowledge base on likely impact of climate impacts on the Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins; (ii) development of capacity to use outputs in regional, national, and river-basin adaptation planning. These outputs will be applied to risk-management strategies at the regional, national, and river basin levels. The TA will follow approaches and methods used in similar projects for glacial-fed river systems, such as Indus or Chu and Talas rivers.

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Project Name Water and Adaptation Interventions in Central and West Asia
Project Number 44066-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7532-REG: Water and Adaptation Interventions in Central and West Asia
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Land-based natural resources management - Rural water supply services - Water-based natural resources management

Energy - Large hydropower generation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The TA will develop and introduce measures to adapt to changing hydrological regimes. These measures will build climate resilience in target watersheds against anticipated disaster scenarios, reducing potentially adverse climate impact on energy supply, food production, and environmental sustainability. The impact of the TA will be more efficient national strategies for climate change adaptation. The outcome will be national capacity to model climate scenarios and develop adaptation strategies.

The TA will have 2 phases: (i) development of a knowledge base on likely impact of climate impacts on the Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins; (ii) development of capacity to use outputs in regional, national, and river-basin adaptation planning. These outputs will be applied to risk-management strategies at the regional, national, and river basin levels. The TA will follow approaches and methods used in similar projects for glacial-fed river systems, such as Indus or Chu and Talas rivers.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Climate change impacts on water sustainablity, which is being felt accross Central Asia. The most obvious signs are the retreat of glaciers and increasin water variability in the weather and its impact on water-dependent ecosystem and infrastructure. This impact is expected to alter the hydrological regimes in the Amu Darya and Syr Darya basins. Fully aligned with the Central Asia

Given the region's dependence on the Amu Darya and Syr Darya for agricultural irrigation and hydropower supply, development of technically sound knowledge base that can feed into regional planning is necessary. This

Impact Participating countries in Central Asia have more efficient national strategis for climate change adaptation
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Planning agencies of participating countries acquire capacity to model climate impact scenarios and develop adaptation strategies
Progress Toward Outcome The TA has introduced to the national authorities and experts the results of modeling and the impacts on watershed management problems. Several important organizations are involved, which are expected to prepare national and regional strategies considering climate change. These organizations are responsible for data management and technical implementation of modeling as well as some line ministries e.g. ministries of water resources, environment, agriculture, energy, and natural hazards. The authorities have proposed strategies on how to increase climate resilience and adaptation.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Knowledge about glacial melt, hydrological modeling, climate impacts and risk analysis in the Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins, is utilized.

Hydrological models for the Amu Darya and Syr Darya basins used by government agencies.

Risk assessment maps for downstream areas covering flooding and climate vulnerability used by government agencies

Hydrometeorological agencies of participating countries apply improved capacity in the use and application of downscaled hydrological models

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed in November 2010. The project obtained most of its field data through the regional organization ICWC SIC and was not so much dependent on national commercial datasets. The consultant assessed all the other climate change projects in the region. This project is the most comprehensive modeling effort so far in the region as it employs most modern earth observation systems and five (5) different CC projections of international scientific research institutions (related to IPCC scenarios).

Completed in November 2010. The project obtained most of its field data through the regional organization ICWC SIC and was not so much dependent on nationalcommercial datasets. The consultant assessed all the other climate change projects in the region. This project is the most comprehensive modeling effort so far in the region as it employs most modern earth observation systems and five (5) different CC projections of international scientific research institutions (related to IPCC scenarios).

Completed in March 2012. The output was an essential part of the modeling results and more time was needed to run the model. The modeling results clearly indicate what will be the main natural hazards and water management problems in different parts of the region. Rather substantial reduction of river discharges will take place in summer-autumn season when volumes of mountain glaciers will diminish. Spring time floods will remain similar as today but they may be associated with landslides and mudflows which will be common in the areas of thawing permafrost (result of rising snow-line).

Completed in March 2012. Based on CC scenarios, the project downscaled the projections and produced past and future (-2050) hydrological models for the main rivers in the region dividing the source of water to 4 components (rain, snow melt, glacial melt, base flow).

Completed in September 2011. In all the project countries the trainees learned basics of downscaling and some of them specialized to these methods (and conducted their own downscaling project).

Completed in March 2012. In seminars and other meetings climate change adaptation measures have been discussed together with national, regional and international experts. Most of the solutions requires international planning and agreement (as identified in Helsinki Convention). Risk management products include water deficiency maps and graphs.

Completed in March 2012. The project has produced maps and charts describing well the future problems caused by CC. They predict the occurrence of droughts, water deficiency and floods.

Completed in April 2012 (amended later). The models described the likelihoods for the occurrence of CC induced natural hazards in each river sections separately. The result can be used to assess the requirements for infrastructure designs (such details do not belong to the scope of the project).

Completed in June 2012. The project involves several important organizations which are expected to prepare national and regional strategies considering CC. Earlier project activities have taken place in organizations responsible for data management and technical implementation of modeling. However, among the collaborators and trainees there are experts from e.g. ministries of water resources, environment, agriculture, energy, and natural hazards. They conducted their own projects based on the skills obtained in the regional training course.

Completed in May 2012 (amended later). The project has introduced to the national authorities and experts the results of modeling and the impacts on watersheds management problems. Awareness raising has been conducted at the later stages of the project.

Completed in July 2012. The results of the project will provide firm basis for the planning of the disaster and climate risk- management priorities. The development of project portfolio for appropriate projects to be financed has started (several stakeholder groups will be involved in the planning).

A knowledge product on the outcome of the RETA is in the process of being published to inform relevant government agencies on the results of the modelling and possible adaptation strategies to ensure availability of water resources for the five Central Asian countries.

Geographical Location Amu Darya and Syr Darya River Basins
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design DMC endosements to be obtained.
During Project Implementation Continued stakeholder participation and consultation during implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The project will be carried out by a team of international and national consultants through a firm.
Responsible ADB Officer Binsar P. Tambunan
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 26 Oct 2009
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 13 May 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 21 Apr 2010
Last PDS Update 27 Sep 2013

TA 7532-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 May 2010 - 13 May 2010 30 Jun 2012 30 Sep 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,250,000.00 13 May 2010 916,499.79

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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