Sri Lanka: Improving Community-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in Post-Conflict Areas of Jaffna and Kilinochchi

Sovereign Project | 44082-012

Summary

The primary objective of the project is to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life in post-conflict rural communities for residents and returning internally displaced people in Jaffna and Kilinochchi districts through improved water supply and sanitation (WSS) services. To achieve this, the project will (i) construct and rehabilitate rural WSS facilities, (ii) build the capacity of local community-based organizations (CBOs) for operations and maintenance, (iii) establish a rural water supply unit in the National Water Supply and Drainage Board's Jaffna office, (iv) enhance awareness of good hygiene and water conservation practices, and (v) provide income and livelihood support to beneficiary communities. All activities will be carried out in consultation with central, provincial, and local government authorities and local communities.

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Project Name Improving Community-Based Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in Post-Conflict Areas of Jaffna and Kilinochchi
Project Number 44082-012
Country Sri Lanka
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9154-SRI: Improving Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation in Post-Conflict Areas of Jaffna and Kilinochchi (formerly Improving Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Services in Post-War Areas of Jaffna Peninsula)
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Water supply and sanitation
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The primary objective of the project is to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life in post-conflict rural communities for residents and returning internally displaced people in Jaffna and Kilinochchi districts through improved water supply and sanitation (WSS) services. To achieve this, the project will (i) construct and rehabilitate rural WSS facilities, (ii) build the capacity of local community-based organizations (CBOs) for operations and maintenance, (iii) establish a rural water supply unit in the National Water Supply and Drainage Board's Jaffna office, (iv) enhance awareness of good hygiene and water conservation practices, and (v) provide income and livelihood support to beneficiary communities. All activities will be carried out in consultation with central, provincial, and local government authorities and local communities. The project will be implemented taking into account the ongoing development programs and approaches of the government and development partners in the project areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The proposal is consistent with the Government's Ten-Year Development Framework Objectives which identifies access to safe drinking water as an essential element of reaching the Government's economic growth and productivity targets. The strategy seeks to promote equitable, regionally balanced growth by pursuing community-driven schemes. The proposal is consistent with the most recent ADB Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) which states ADB will provide financial assistance to the Government for rural water supply and sanitation in the northern provinces, including Jaffna, that aim to achieve sustainable and inclusive development.
Impact Improved health and human development in selected rural poor communities of Jaffna and Kilinochchi districts
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Residents and returning internally displaced people in target areas use improved water supply and sanitation infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome --
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rehabilitation and construction of rural water supply and sanitation systems.

Project baseline, performance monitoring, and evaluation

Capacity development for O&M of water supply and sanitation facilities, and livelihood development

Hygiene, environmental, and water conservation and management awareness building

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Rehabilitation and construction of rural water supply and sanitation systems:

Construction of rural water supply schemes are ongoing. RO plant contract works are ongoing.

Construction of Household Latrines in Shanthai,Vaddakachchi,Mathagal and Delft are ongoing

Cash for work program for Pipe laying at Shanthai, Mathagal and Delft are ongoing.

4 CBOs have been formed.

Project baseline, performance monitoring, and evaluation:

Baseline survey is completed

Baseline survey is completed

A formal PPMS has been established.

Capacity development for O&M of water supply and sanitation facilities, and livelihood development:

RWS unit is establised. Engineer and the sociologist have been appointed (20% women).

ADB granted approval for selected livelihood trainings. Activities will be commenced in Q2, 2015.

Hygiene, environmental, and water conservation and management awareness building:

The awareness programs are completed.

28 Rainwater harvesting tanks were constructed.

Geographical Location Jaffna Peninsula, Sri Lanka
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During project preparation between February and September 2010, the project team conducted four visits to the Jaffna Peninsula for participatory meetings with central, provincial, district, and local governments, as well as to discuss the project with civil society organizations, development partners (United Nations Children's Fund [UNICEF], International Federation of the Red Cross, and World Bank), and local communities. Initial consultations were conducted with these stakeholders in February 2010 during a reconnaissance mission, which provided useful information regarding the need for the project and interest from stakeholders. These consultations resulted in the development of project criteria for selecting target communities and the identification of villages to be supported under the project. The communities to be considered (i) are outside the service coverage area of the ADB loan project; (ii) are poor, vulnerable, and/or marginalized communities with acute water problems; and (iii) have a reliable drinking water source. Subsequent field visits further engaged local communities and local governments.
During Project Implementation The project is designed using a participatory approach to encourage community ownership and promote sustainability. Consultations will continue throughout implementation through training and capacity-building programs. Local ownership of project facilities will further be encouraged through the participation of local workers during construction, to be chosen from beneficiary families.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services tbd
Procurement tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Nissanka Salgado
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Sri Lanka Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Supply and DrainageSri Lanka
Timetable
Concept Clearance 05 Feb 2010
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 04 Feb 2011
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 05 Mar 2010
Last PDS Update 23 Mar 2015

Grant 9154-SRI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Feb 2011 01 Aug 2011 01 Aug 2011 30 Jun 2014 30 Sep 2015 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 04 Feb 2011 0.00 1.93 96%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 04 Feb 2011 0.00 1.71 85%

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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