Regional: Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Cluster TA)

Sovereign Project | 44098-012

Summary

Based on extensive in-country consultations with government agencies, nongovernment agencies and civil society organizations, and development partners, the proposed TA is necessary to strengthen SARD's capacity to enhance gender mainstreaming by building on the progress it has already made, replicating good practices across all countries and sectors, and addressing identified gaps and weaknesses in certain sectors and country portfolios. In light of diminishing resources in the Gender and Development Cooperation Fund to support GAD policy implementation in all ADB operations, it is strategically important for SARD to institutionalize its own structure and mechanisms to accelerate gender mainstreaming in all of its operations to meet Strategy 2020 targets. The impact of the proposed TA will be to support DMC's commitment to promote gender equality and women's empowerment in South Asia.

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Project Name Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Cluster TA)
Project Number 44098-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 0005-REG: Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Cluster TA)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
TA 0005-REG: Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Cluster TA) (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.35 million
TA 0005-REG: Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Cluster TA) (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Education - Education sector development
Energy - Energy sector development and institutional reform
Finance - Small and medium enterprise finance and leasing
Industry and trade - Small and medium enterprise development
Public sector management - Economic affairs management - Social protection initiatives
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description Based on extensive in-country consultations with government agencies, nongovernment agencies and civil society organizations, and development partners, the proposed TA is necessary to strengthen SARD's capacity to enhance gender mainstreaming by building on the progress it has already made, replicating good practices across all countries and sectors, and addressing identified gaps and weaknesses in certain sectors and country portfolios. In light of diminishing resources in the Gender and Development Cooperation Fund to support GAD policy implementation in all ADB operations, it is strategically important for SARD to institutionalize its own structure and mechanisms to accelerate gender mainstreaming in all of its operations to meet Strategy 2020 targets. The impact of the proposed TA will be to support DMC's commitment to promote gender equality and women's empowerment in South Asia. The outcome will be to strengthen the gender capacities of key government agencies to address gender concerns in the planning, development, and implementation of programs and projects to reduce gender disparities and increase gender equality results in SARD operations.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB's progress in gender mainstreaming over the past decade has been largely facilitated by institutional mechanisms such as the GAD Plan of Action for operations, and the placement of gender specialists in nine resident missions (RM) through the Regional Technical Assistance Projects (RETA) 5835/6092: Enhancing GAD Capacity in Developing Member Countries Phase I/II funded by the GAD Cooperation Fund administered by RSDD. Moreover, the use of Project Gender Action Plans (GAPs) has been proven to be an effective gender mainstreaming tool as confirmed by the Rapid Gender Assessments (RGA I and II) conducted in 2004 and 2009 in 8 countries including 24 loans in a variety of sectors. GAPs have assisted with achieving overall project objectives by reducing the vulnerability of women and their families to poverty as increased income was spent on essentials such as food, education, and health care and investment of savings into income-generating enterprises. The gender mainstreaming mechanisms introduced under ADB?s GAD Policy have contributed substantially to SARD?s progress in addressing gender concerns in its Country Partnership Strategies (CPSs), loans, TAs, and capacity development activities. In 2008, South Asia had the highest percentage of ADB projects (33%) and those with ADF funding (50%) with significant gender mainstreaming.

Despite SARDs leading position in gender mainstreaming within ADB operations, various analyses of projects approved in recent years raised concerns regarding (i) decreasing trends in Gender-Thematic ADF funded loans and grants in the SARD portfolio; (ii) uneven distribution of loans and ADF grants addressing gender concerns among SARD DMCs; (iii) increasing-but still inadequate-visibility of gender equality in the India portfolio; and, (iv) limited visibility of gender equality in the Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka portfolios. In order to reach Strategy 2020?s gender based targets, there is a need not to miss any opportunities for gender mainstreaming in traditional sectors while expanding good practices for gender mainstreaming in hard sector projects such as large infrastructure (energy, roads and transport).

The proposed TA is necessary to strengthen SARDs capacity to enhance gender mainstreaming by building on the progress it has already made, replicating good practices across all DMCs and sectors and addressing identified gaps and weaknesses in certain sectors and country portfolios. In light of diminishing resources of the GAD Cooperation Fund to support GAD policy implementation in all ADB operations, it is strategically important for SARD to institutionalize its own structure and mechanisms to accelerate gender mainstreaming in all of its operations in the South Asia region to meet the targets set under Strategy 2020.

Impact Support DMCs' commitment to promoting gender equality and women's empowerment in South Asia.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Strengthen gender capacities of DMC governments and ADB to address gender concerns in planning, design, and implementation of programs and projects to reduce gender disparities and increase gender equality results in SARD opetations.
Progress Toward Outcome

The 2nd Subproject has contributed to the achievement of the anticipated Outcome by focusing on strengthening the capacities to address gender concerns in the 'implementation' of projects and programs, thus complementing the initial focus on planning' and development' under Subproject 1. More specifically, Subproject 2 contributed to the achievement of the outcome by strengthening the recruitment of national social development (GAD) consultants at both RM and HQ (with the notable addition of an INRM-based consultant).

The revised completion date for 3rd Subproject will be on 31 December 2014. The revised completion date for the 4th Subproject will be on 31 December 2015. All activities remain to contribute to further enhance capacity development initiatives through continous support to DMC-based consultants.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Increased number of comprehensive gender strategies in CPSs

Improved quality GAPs and DMFs included in loan, grant, and TA projects

Improved GAP implementation to enhance gender equality results results

Gender-based research on emerging sectors relevant to SARD operations

Case studies to document good practices in gender mainstreaming

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Increased number of comprehensive gender strategies in country partnership strategies (CPS), specifically, with the inclusion of quality gender strategies and gender-inclusive sector road maps in the CPS of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, and in the interim CPS of Maldives, and the publication of the India: Gender Equality Diagnostic for Selected Sectors;

Output 2: Improved quality of project-specific Gender Action Plans (GAPs) and DMFs, specifically targeting at least 10 projects meeting GEN/EGM requirements, that include consistently reflecting quality GAP targets in their DMFs;

Output 3: Improved GAP implementation to enhance gender equality results, by ensuring the effective implementation of GAPs and gender design features in projects;

Output 4: Gender-based research on emerging sectors relevant to SARD operations, specifically, the development and publication of 3 gender-based research products; and

Output 5: Case studies to document good practices in gender mainstreaming, specifically the development of 3 quality case studies on gender equality results in SARD DMCs.

Output 6: Lateral learning opportunities supported.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During project design, Government and a range of CSOs were met by the Team Leader and -on different occasions- by the RM-based Gender Specialists to ensure the relevance and ownership of the proposed activities and approaches with both Government and CSOs' objectives.
During Project Implementation During the preparation of all projects/programs (Output 2); research (Output 3); and Case Studies (Output 5), consultations have been carried out by the SARD Team with relevant (sector) agencies, Project Directors and staff at both central and decentralized level in all SARD DMCs; and a range of women NGOs/CBOs directly and/or indirectly associated with the implementation of ADB Operations.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will be implemented over 48 months with completion expected in December 2014. Consultant's inputs will amount to 144 person-months of national social development (GAD) consultants based in ADB reident missions, 36 person-months of a national TA coordination consultant based in ADB headquarters, 12 months of a national consulting firm to undertake gender-related research, and 9 person-months of an international GAD consultant, all in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Francesco A. Tornieri
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Office of the Director General, SARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 02 Feb 2010
Fact Finding 28 Feb 2010 to 13 Mar 2010
MRM -
Approval 13 May 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Feb 2010
Last PDS Update 23 Feb 2015

TA 0005-REG

Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
4,350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,350,000.00 - 0.00

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