|Sector / Subsector
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
- Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
- Education sector development
- Energy sector development and institutional reform
- Small and medium enterprise finance and leasing
Industry and trade
- Small and medium enterprise development
Public sector management
- Economic affairs management
- Social protection initiatives
- Road transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
||Based on extensive in-country consultations with government agencies, nongovernment agencies and civil society organizations, and development partners, the proposed TA is necessary to strengthen SARD's capacity to enhance gender mainstreaming by building on the progress it has already made, replicating good practices across all countries and sectors, and addressing identified gaps and weaknesses in certain sectors and country portfolios. In light of diminishing resources in the Gender and Development Cooperation Fund to support GAD policy implementation in all ADB operations, it is strategically important for SARD to institutionalize its own structure and mechanisms to accelerate gender mainstreaming in all of its operations to meet Strategy 2020 targets. The impact of the proposed TA will be to support DMC's commitment to promote gender equality and women's empowerment in South Asia. The outcome will be to strengthen the gender capacities of key government agencies to address gender concerns in the planning, development, and implementation of programs and projects to reduce gender disparities and increase gender equality results in SARD operations.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
ADB's progress in gender mainstreaming over the past decade has been largely facilitated by institutional mechanisms such as the GAD Plan of Action for operations, and the placement of gender specialists in nine resident missions (RM) through the Regional Technical Assistance Projects (RETA) 5835/6092: Enhancing GAD Capacity in Developing Member Countries Phase I/II funded by the GAD Cooperation Fund administered by RSDD. Moreover, the use of Project Gender Action Plans (GAPs) has been proven to be an effective gender mainstreaming tool as confirmed by the Rapid Gender Assessments (RGA I and II) conducted in 2004 and 2009 in 8 countries including 24 loans in a variety of sectors. GAPs have assisted with achieving overall project objectives by reducing the vulnerability of women and their families to poverty as increased income was spent on essentials such as food, education, and health care and investment of savings into income-generating enterprises. The gender mainstreaming mechanisms introduced under ADB?s GAD Policy have contributed substantially to SARD?s progress in addressing gender concerns in its Country Partnership Strategies (CPSs), loans, TAs, and capacity development activities. In 2008, South Asia had the highest percentage of ADB projects (33%) and those with ADF funding (50%) with significant gender mainstreaming.
Despite SARDs leading position in gender mainstreaming within ADB operations, various analyses of projects approved in recent years raised concerns regarding (i) decreasing trends in Gender-Thematic ADF funded loans and grants in the SARD portfolio; (ii) uneven distribution of loans and ADF grants addressing gender concerns among SARD DMCs; (iii) increasing-but still inadequate-visibility of gender equality in the India portfolio; and, (iv) limited visibility of gender equality in the Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka portfolios. In order to reach Strategy 2020?s gender based targets, there is a need not to miss any opportunities for gender mainstreaming in traditional sectors while expanding good practices for gender mainstreaming in hard sector projects such as large infrastructure (energy, roads and transport).
The proposed TA is necessary to strengthen SARDs capacity to enhance gender mainstreaming by building on the progress it has already made, replicating good practices across all DMCs and sectors and addressing identified gaps and weaknesses in certain sectors and country portfolios. In light of diminishing resources of the GAD Cooperation Fund to support GAD policy implementation in all ADB operations, it is strategically important for SARD to institutionalize its own structure and mechanisms to accelerate gender mainstreaming in all of its operations in the South Asia region to meet the targets set under Strategy 2020.