Regional: Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Subproject 1)

Sovereign Project | 44098-022

Summary

ADB?s progress in gender mainstreaming over the past decade has been largely facilitated by institutional mechanisms such as the GAD Plan of Action for operations, and the placement of gender specialists in nine resident missions (RM) through the Regional Technical Assistance Projects (RETA) 5835/6092: Enhancing GAD Capacity in Developing Member Countries Phase I/II funded by the GAD Cooperation Fund administered by RSDD. Moreover, the use of Project Gender Action Plans (GAPs) has been proven to be an effective gender mainstreaming tool as confirmed by the Rapid Gender Assessments (RGA I and II) conducted in 2004 and 2009 in 8 countries including 24 loans in a variety of sectors. GAPs have assisted with achieving overall project objectives by reducing the vulnerability of women and their families to poverty as increased income was spent on essentials such as food, education, and health care and investment of savings into income-generating enterprises.

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Project Name Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Subproject 1)
Project Number 44098-022
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7537-REG: Enhancing Gender Equality Results in South Asia Developing Member Countries (Phase 2) (Subproject 1)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Education - Education sector development
Energy - Energy sector development and institutional reform
Finance - Small and medium enterprise finance and leasing
Health - Health care finance
Industry and trade - Small and medium enterprise development
Public sector management - Economic affairs management
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB?s progress in gender mainstreaming over the past decade has been largely facilitated by institutional mechanisms such as the GAD Plan of Action for operations, and the placement of gender specialists in nine resident missions (RM) through the Regional Technical Assistance Projects (RETA) 5835/6092: Enhancing GAD Capacity in Developing Member Countries Phase I/II funded by the GAD Cooperation Fund administered by RSDD. Moreover, the use of Project Gender Action Plans (GAPs) has been proven to be an effective gender mainstreaming tool as confirmed by the Rapid Gender Assessments (RGA I and II) conducted in 2004 and 2009 in 8 countries including 24 loans in a variety of sectors. GAPs have assisted with achieving overall project objectives by reducing the vulnerability of women and their families to poverty as increased income was spent on essentials such as food, education, and health care and investment of savings into income-generating enterprises. The gender mainstreaming mechanisms introduced under ADB?s GAD Policy have contributed substantially to SARD?s progress in addressing gender concerns in its Country Partnership Strategies (CPSs), loans, TAs, and capacity development activities. In 2008, South Asia had the highest percentage of ADB projects (33%) and those with ADF funding (50%) with significant gender mainstreaming.

Despite SARD?s leading position in gender mainstreaming within ADB operations, various analyses of projects approved in recent years raised concerns regarding (i) decreasing trends in Gender-Thematic ADF funded loans and grants in the SARD portfolio; (ii) uneven distribution of loans and ADF grants addressing gender concerns among SARD DMCs; (iii) increasing-but still inadequate-visibility of gender equality in the India portfolio; and, (iv) limited visibility of gender equality in the Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka portfolios. In order to reach Strategy 2020?s gender based targets, there is a need not to miss any opportunities for gender mainstreaming in traditional sectors while expanding good practices for gender mainstreaming in hard sector projects such as large infrastructure (energy, roads and transport).

The proposed TA is necessary to strengthen SARD?s capacity to enhance gender mainstreaming by building on the progress it has already made, replicating good practices across all DMCs and sectors and addressing identified gaps and weaknesses in certain sectors and country portfolios. In light of diminishing resources of the GAD Cooperation Fund to support GAD policy implementation in all ADB operations, it is strategically important for SARD to institutionalize its own structure and mechanisms to accelerate gender mainstreaming in all of its operations in the South Asia region to meet the targets set under Strategy 2020.

Impact DMCs' commitment to promoting gender equality and woemn's empowerment in South Asia supported
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Gender capacities of DMC governments strengthened to address gender concerns in the planning, design, and implementation of programs and projects to increase gender equality results in SARD operations.
Progress Toward Outcome The 1st Subproject has contributed to the achievement of the anticipated Outcome by focusing on strengthening the capacities to address gender concerns in the 'planning' and 'development' of projects and programs by: (i) taking stock and documenting emerging practices in ADB priority sectors; (ii) documenting gender equality results in ADB Operations; (iii) supporting operationally-relevant research and; (iv) providing technical support in the design of GEN/EGM projects and programs across traditional and non-traditional sectors.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Comprehensive gender strategies in Country Partnership Strategies (CPSs)

Improved quality of project-specific Gender Action Plans (GAPs) and DMFs

Improved GAP implementation to enhance gender equality results

Gender-based research on emerging sectors relevant to SARD operations

Case studies to document good practices in gender mainstreaming

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Recruitment of National Social Development (GAD) Consultants. The recruitment of one full-time national social development (GAD) consultant at ADB/HQ has been critical to enhance the quality of support provided by SAOD to SARD Divisions in reviewing Project Concept Papers and loan/grant and TA projects for greater visibility of pro-poor, social and gender-related design features. The recruitment of the Social Development (GAD) consultants in Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka Resident Missions resulted in greater quality of supervision of projects classified with Gender Equity Theme (GEN) and EGM and project-specific Gender Action (Gender and Social Inclusion) Plans (GAPs/GESI Plans). With the full support from CD/INRM, the recruitment of the India RM-based consultant is ongoing and is expected to be finalized by April 2011.

Output 2: Support to Projects' design. The recruitment of a Social Development (GAD) Consultant at ADB/HQ responsible to support the SAOD Senior Social Development Specialist (GAD) in the systematic review of all Project Concept Papers and loan/grant projects (see point (i) above) has been critical and contributed to increasing the quality and visibility of gender design features in SARD loan and grant pipeline, with 39% of SARD Portfolio classified with Significant Gender Mainstreaming' (i.e. GEN and EGM) in 2010, compared to 33% in 2008, 26% in 2009 and against a 2012 target of 40%. Additional consultant services under the TA resulted in the successful incorporation of gender design features in a range of projects, which include: (a) Bangladesh: Sustainable Rural Infrastructure Improvement (2010), classified as EGM; (b) Bhutan: Rural Renewable Energy Development (2010), classified as EGM; (c) Sri Lanka: Sustainable Power Sector Support II (2011), classified as EGM; (d) Nepal: Integrated Urban Development Project (2011) and (e) Maldives: Micro- Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Development Project (2011), proposed for classification as EGM.

Output 3: Support upstream research to ensure quality CGA, CGA updates and/or sector-specific diagnostics. The recruitment of international Gender consultant =-under Subproject 1- resulted in the finalization of an innovative Country Gender Sector Diagnostic for Bangladesh (2010), which is characterized by a specific sector-focus and user-friendly format for effective use by SARD Team Leaders. The publication of the Overview of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nepal was also undertaken in 2010 through collection of secondary information and data during the formulation of the Country Partnership Strategy for Nepal (2009).

Output 5: Case Studies to document good practices in gender mainstreaming. In 2009-2010, SARD undertook a comprehensive documentation of gender equality results in SARD Operations through support provided under the TA, which resulted in the publication of twenty Case Studies [see Attachment 1] documenting good practices in gender mainstreaming and gender equality results in SARD operations. The Case Studies have been distributed at the recent Sub-regional Workshop: Gender, Entrepreneurship and Economic Empowerment in South Asia, which was held in Kathmandu (1-3 February 2011) and will be distributed at (upcoming) in-country workshops and peer-to-peer exchanges organized in SARD DMCs.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During project design, Government and a range of civil society organizations were met by the Team Leader and -on different occasions- by the RM-based Gender Specialists to ensure the relevance and ownership of the proposed activities and approaches with both Government and civil society's objectives.
During Project Implementation During the preparation of all projects/programs (Output 2); research (Output 3); and Case Studies (Output 5), consultations have been carried out by the SARD Team with relevant (sector) agencies, Project Directors and staff at both central and decentralized level in all SARD DMCs; and a range of women NGOs/CBOs directly and/or indirectly associated with the implementation of ADB Operations.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will be implemented over 36 months with completion expected in March 2013. Consultants' i puts will amount to 144 person-months of national social development (GAD) consultants based in ADB resident missions, 36 person-months of a national TA coordination consultant based in ADB Headquarters, 12 months of national consultign firm to undertake gender-related research, and 9 person-months of an international GAD consultant, all in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Francesco A. Tornieri
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Office of the Director General, SARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 14 Jan 2010 to 27 Jan 2010
MRM -
Approval 21 May 2010
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Feb 2010
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2012

TA 7537-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 May 2010 - 21 May 2010 30 Apr 2011 31 Dec 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 21 May 2010 464,456.76

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