Regional: Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle - Southeast Asia

Sovereign Project | 44113-012

Summary

The TA responds to ADB's Regional Integration and Cooperation Strategy under its 4th Pillar: Cooperation in Regional Public Goods through (i) coordinated actions to supply regional public goods, such as clean air, environmental protection, control of communicable diseases, and management of natural disasters; and (ii) dissemination of analysis and research findings in the public domain through publications, workshops, and shared standards. The TA is closely aligned with the following recently approved or proposed TA projects: (i) Regional Review of the Economics of Climate Change in Southeast Asia;7 (ii) Regional Connectivity in Infrastructure in Archipelagic Southeast Asia; (iii) Strengthening CMRM in the CTI of the Pacific, Phase 1; (iv) Enhancing Regional Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing to Support the CTI; and (vi) Strengthening Sound Environmental Management in the BIMP-EAGA.

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Project Name Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle - Southeast Asia
Project Number 44113-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7813-REG: Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle - Southeast Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA responds to ADB's Regional Integration and Cooperation Strategy under its 4th Pillar: Cooperation in Regional Public Goods through (i) coordinated actions to supply regional public goods, such as clean air, environmental protection, control of communicable diseases, and management of natural disasters; and (ii) dissemination of analysis and research findings in the public domain through publications, workshops, and shared standards. The TA is closely aligned with the following recently approved or proposed TA projects: (i) Regional Review of the Economics of Climate Change in Southeast Asia;7 (ii) Regional Connectivity in Infrastructure in Archipelagic Southeast Asia; (iii) Strengthening CMRM in the CTI of the Pacific, Phase 1; (iv) Enhancing Regional Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing to Support the CTI; and (vi) Strengthening Sound Environmental Management in the BIMP-EAGA. Synergies across these TA projects will ensure appropriate support for the protection and conservation of the region?s coral reef and associated ecosystems and for the resiliency of coastal communities against climate change.
Impact Increased resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems and human communities in the CT3
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved management of coastal and marine resources established in the SSME Priority Seascape within the Coral Triangle
Progress Toward Outcome To be assessed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Policy and institutional frameworks for sustainable coastal and marine resources management

improved

2. Ecosystem-based approach to coastal and marine resources management pilot-tested

3. Effective project management established by ADB and the CT3 governments

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Policy and institutional frameworks for sustainable coastal and marine resources management improved

The design and investment plan for Phase 3 of the National Coral Reef Management Conservation Program of Indonesia has been completed and its investment plan has been negotiated with ADB through the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program-Coral Triangle Initiative. The Indonesia project management unit has completed its review of the government's regulations that provide the basis for the delineation of the fisheries management areas. Secondary data collection on the socio-economic and environmental indicators has also been completed under the subproject Developing Spatial Database for Sulawesi Seascape . Collection of samples for genetic profiling of Plectropomus leopardus has also commenced. Three high level discussions have been held on the Harmonization of Seascape Approach and Fisheries Management Approach. A framework on how to approach this harmonization effort has been agreed upon by the Director General of Marine, Coasts, and Small Islands and Director General of Capture Fisheries. However, it has become apparent that further RETA support is needed in the conduct of more technical studies to provide good scientific basis in formulating policies in this regard.

In Malaysia, two training activities on ecosystems approach to fisheries management were conducted with 30 fisheries managers and stakeholders trained and 30 more trained through Department of Fisheries-Sabah and Department of Fisheries-Malaysia funding, exceeding the target of 30 participants. Training needs assessment on marine protected area (MPA) management was conducted and presented to Sabah Parks; and training modules are being prepared based on the results of the needs assessment. The laboratory work on the tri-national research/study on genetic connectivity of Plectropomus leopardus is almost complete pending the arrival of samples from the Philippines and Indonesia.

In the Philippines, as part of the subproject Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) of Small Pelagics , the TA supported the conduct of regular Protected Area Management Board meetings, the creation of an Executive Committee to facilitate the decision making process and an essential EAFM training for local government staff and government agencies; and tri-national research/study on genetic connectivity of Plectropomus leopardus (coral trout) in the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion. The TA also conducted a rapid resource assessment of Dumanquillas Bay that will be the basis for the formulation of a bay-wide management plan (general management plan or GMP). The TA also supported provincial planning meetings in 2014 to review the draft general management plan, and supported the en banc meeting/Ta on Strait Summit convening LGU of 35 municipalities and 7 cities to endorse the GMP. In the Turtle Islands Wildlife Sanctuary (TIWS), the TA participated in the review of the draft GMP.

As part of its support to the CTI National Coordinating Committee of the Philippines, costing of the CTI national plan of action was completed; publication is targeted for release in April 2015. In terms of knowledge management, the TA implemented a story writing contest on coastal and marine resources management in Palawan; and prepared knowledge products (e.g., bookmarks on threatened species and 2 posters on protected aquatic wildlife).

Output 2: Ecosystem-based approach to coastal and marine resources management pilot-tested

In Indonesia, Phase 1 of the Indonesia component of the subproject Vulnerability Assessment of Coastal and Marine Ecosystems and Resources and Adaptation of Coastal Communities to Climate Change was completed with the following achievements: training on vulnerability assessment and local early adaptation planning involving 12 government officials and a consultant from University of Sam Ratulangi; completion of a community-based vulnerability assessment/climate change adaptation (CCA) in the Tatapaan Subdistrict, Arakan using local early action planning methodology; completion of a CCA plan for Arakan; and implementation of the CCA plan was initiated by a community planting activity of 2,600 mangrove seeds over a 2,500 square meter area , the construction of sanitary facilities, and concreting of village path ways by the local government agencies through their regular programs. The mayor of Sangihe District, North Sulawesi has submitted a formal request to the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries for the establishment of a new MPA in Para Group of Islands, The TA's regional project management unit and project management unit in Indonesia commenced discussions with the University of Sam Ratulangi on the conduct of ecosystem and socio-economic profiling of the proposed site. The scope of work and methodologies on the study of live reef food fish trade of groupers and wrasses in Sulawesi has been discussed with the University of Hasanuddin (UNHAS) in Makassar. Discussions have also been held with UNHAS on the coverage of preparation EAFM management plan in Kwandang Bay. In Malaysia, an inception meeting with stakeholders was held as part of the subproject Application of Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Marudu Bay . Pre-feasibility studies were conducted on green mussel culture, fish cage culture, and sea cucumber culture as part of the initial steps towards livelihood development on mariculture. Local early action planning were conducted in Marudu Bay as part of the subproject Vulnerability assessment and CCA .

In the Philippines, vulnerability assessment of six most hazard prone barangays was completed and the results were presented to the municipal local government unit (LGU) and barangay captains in Balabac, Palawan; assessment of people organizations who will be provided livelihood support and training in seaweed culture in Barangay Bancalaan, Balabac, Palawan was completed; community consultations with people's organizations (fishers, women, youth) on livelihood support were held; materials for livelihood for women's group (bag making, mat weaving) and for youth group (souvenir shirts) were provided; and vulnerability assessment of five islands (socio-economic component) was completed in TIWs.

In Taytay, Palawan, the following activities have been successfully carried out: (i) pilot-testing of abalone culture (10 kilograms was harvested; remaining stock was damaged by a typhoon in November 2014); (ii) mangrove reforestation covering 15 hectares (ha) in 5 sites; (iii) pilot-testing of salt-tolerant rice varieties (Salinas 1 and 9) in Sitio Quilala, Barangay Poblacion (48 sacks were harvested and sold to other farmers in 3 municipalities for further pilot testing; aggregate farm size of buyers is 20 ha) and expansion of field trial to 1.2 ha of salt-affected rice fields; pilot testing of 4 new salt-tolerant hybrids (Salinas 11, 15, 16, 18) in July 2014; for harvest in April 2015; (iv) pilot-testing of mudcrab fattening in 2 people organizations in Abongan; (v) piloting of seaweed farming in 8 people's organizations (includes mangrove cutters, some of whom have stopped cutting mangrove due to the provision of alternative livelihood support in seaweed farming through the TA); and capacity building of stakeholders, particularly the youth sector, high school teachers, and barangay health workers, on climate change. Mangrove planting was also carried out in Aluguisan, Cebu (with the 1 Direction Fan's Club and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources) as part of the TA's CCA efforts.

In terms of monitoring, control, and surveillance, fisheries law enforcement training was conducted in Balabac, Palawan; 27 new fisheries wardens were deputized. In addition, payment for ecosystem services (PES) workshop and consultations with the community, local government representatives, and resort owners were conducted on the piloting of a PES scheme in Taytay, Palawan. The proposed PES pilot through ecotourism was well-received by the various stakeholders, who were willing to collaborate in the activity.

Meeting with government representatives and leaders of indigenous people was conducted to discuss establishment of pilot MPAs for sea turtles and coral reefs in Balabac, Palawan; and workshops on baselining using the management effectiveness tracking tool (Dumanquillas, Ta on Strait, Taytay municipality, and TIWS) and resource use fees for LGUs were conducted in Dumanquillas.

Output 3: Effective project management

Some 29 activities covered by the approved proposals have been completed, 17 subprojects are ongoing, and proposals for other activities are being prepared.

Geographical Location Sulu- Sulawesi Ecoregion of Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations were conducted during the project design with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia; the National Oceanography Directorate-Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia; and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines, who were then identified as focal agencies (EAs) under the project. State and regional authorities and CSOs were also consulted during project design.
During Project Implementation ADB will be the Executing Agency for the Project. The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia; the National Oceanography Directorate-Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia; and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines, which are the CTI focal agencies, will serve as implementing agencies and will provide in-kind support during project implementation. A raft of service providers, including research institutes, academe local CSOs and INGOs are involved as collaborating and/or implementing partners across the various project sites.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Mohammed Nasimul Islam
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Mar 2011
Fact Finding 10 May 2010 to 21 May 2010
MRM -
Approval 18 May 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 7813-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 May 2011 - 18 May 2011 30 Jun 2015 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,000,000.00 18 May 2011 5,796,346.09

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