Regional: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines

Sovereign Project | 44129-012

Summary

The goal of the project is to raise the income levels of the the poor coastal communities in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac, Palawan, Philippines by pilot-testing support mechanisms for sustainable livelihoods . The objective of the Project is to develop model alternative livelihoods that will involve women and indigenous people in the development process.

The components will include:

A. Social Preparation that support the following activities: (i) poverty assessment to identify specific project sites and potential beneficiaries, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities; (ii) social preparation to improve the attitude of target beneficiaries from mere recipients of government aid to managers of their own livelihoods; (iii) organization and training of beneficiaries in business and financial management; and (iv) participatory planning in selecting business enterprises and the conduct of feasibility studies.

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Project Name Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines
Project Number 44129-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9160-REG: Developing Sustainable Alternative Livelihoods in Coastal Fishing Communities in the Coral Triangle: Indonesia and Philippines
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Fishery
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The goal of the project is to raise the income levels of the the poor coastal communities in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac, Palawan, Philippines by pilot-testing support mechanisms for sustainable livelihoods . The objective of the Project is to develop model alternative livelihoods that will involve women and indigenous people in the development process.

The components will include:

A. Social Preparation that support the following activities: (i) poverty assessment to identify specific project sites and potential beneficiaries, particularly very poor fishers, women, and indigenous peoples in the target coastal communities; (ii) social preparation to improve the attitude of target beneficiaries from mere recipients of government aid to managers of their own livelihoods; (iii) organization and training of beneficiaries in business and financial management; and (iv) participatory planning in selecting business enterprises and the conduct of feasibility studies.

B. Livelihood Development and Implementation that support the establishment and development of financially sustainable and ecosystem-friendly livelihood activities; and livelihood support mechanisms for the provision of (i) technical services; (ii) production, post-harvest, and processing of inputs; (iii) financial facilitation services; and (iv) marketing information and services; v) a production profit- and risk-sharing system among project participants (NGOs, the private sector, and beneficiaries); vi) a marketing system to assist target beneficiaries to access wider markets and required market facilities; and vii) a program to mobilize savings from capital build up and profits from the livelihood activities of project beneficiaries to fund the growth of existing livelihoods of beneficiaries and expand the number of beneficiaries. This component will also include an Enterprise Skills Traning Program that will develop the technical and managerial skills of beneficiaries.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The development of sustainable alternative livelihoods to reduce poverty in coastal communities in Indonesia and the Philippines was identified as a priority action by the National Coordinating Committees (NCCs) of these countries under their respective National Plans of Action (NPOAs) of the Coral Triangle Initiative: Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI). The Project will contribute towards meeting country commitments to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is also consistent with the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Strategy 2020: The Long-Term Strategic Framework for 2008 - 2020, its vision of an Asia and Pacific free of poverty, and its mission to help reduce poverty and improve living conditions and quality of life. The Project likewise falls within ADB's core areas of operation in scaling up environmentally sustainable development and addressing climate change.
Impact The Project is expected to result in the improved status of coastal and marine ecosystems and resources and the increased climate change resiliency of coastal communities in identified sites in the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion in Indonesia and the Philippines. Effective environmental management will be in place in 20-30% of coastal and marine ecosystems in selected sites by 2012. The improved status of mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs will reduce the vulnerability of coastal habitats and communities to storms and coastal erosion impacts, and serve as the first line of defense of communities vulnerable to climate change.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The Project is intended to provide coastal communities in East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac Islands, Philippines with sustainable alternative livelihoods that will enable them to rise above the poverty line by the end of the three-year implementation period.
Progress Toward Outcome

The consulting firm for the Philippines component has been mobilized in March 2015. Recruitment of the consulting firm for the Indonesia component is ongoing.

For the Indonesia component of the Project, ADB has reviewed and approved the Annual Work Plan and Budget submitted by the the executing agency.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Targeted beneficiaries in coastal communities in Berau District and Balabac trained to develop business plans for livelihoods

Viable livelihoods successfully implemented by organized coastal community groups

Effective project management system operational

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

To be assessed later.

To be assessed later.

To be assessed later.

Geographical Location East Kalimantan, Indonesia and Balabac Islands, Palawan, Philippines
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

Discussions at the national level were conducted with the representatives of relevant units in MMAF in Indonesia (i.e. Planning Bureau, External Cooperation, Directorate of Community Empowerment and Directorate of National Marine Parks) and the different sections of District Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office in Barau at the local level (including Coasts and Small Islands, Law Enforcement, Aquaculture and Post-Harvest). Representatives from the Directorates of Community Empowerment and the National Marine Parks joined the field trips during project preparation, together with the of head of the Fishers Forum of Berau and the head of Law Enforcement unit of the District Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office. Meetings were also conducted with the joint program of The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

In Balabac Philippines, consultations were conducted with the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Staff (PCSDS), the head of the Center for Strategic Policy and Governance of Palawan State University, the mayor of Balabac and his municipal development officer, municipal agricultural officer, and municipal social works and development officer (MSWDO). Female government officials, both at the national and local levels, who are involved in the empowerment of women joined the field trips, such as the representative of the Directorate of Community Empowerment of the Directorate General of Marine, Coasts, and Small Islands (DGMCSI) in Indonesia and the MSWDO of Balabac. Consultations were also made with local fishers, traders, village officials, and Molbog leaders from several target communities, wherein several village women, mostly engaged in processing, were also involved in the discussions.

During Project Implementation For the PHI component, recruitment is ongoing for the non-governmental organization/consulting firm. For the INO component, discussions were held with the executing agency during the ADB mission of March/April 2014, and the EA proposed that changes in the project areas be made, as well as in the selection method of consultant recruitment. For INO component, when consultant selection method is changed and any other revisions are approved, the project will expeditiosly mve forward with consultant selection and implementation of project components.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services tbd
Procurement tbd
Responsible ADB Officer Mohammed Nasimul Islam
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Marine Affairs & FisheriesJln. Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16,
Jakarta, Indonesia
Palawan Council For Sustainable Development Staff3rd Floor, Victoria I Bldg.
1670 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
Metro Manila, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 30 Aug 2011
Fact Finding 16 May 2010 to 28 May 2010
MRM -
Approval 02 Nov 2011
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Jun 2010
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Grant 9160-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2011 15 May 2012 15 May 2012 15 Nov 2015 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 02 Nov 2011 0.00 0.35 17%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 02 Nov 2011 0.00 0.20 10%

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Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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