Timor-Leste: District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)

Sovereign Project | 44130-022

Summary

The Timor-Leste: Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project will help Ermera, Oecussi, and another district manage their water resources better. The Project will reduce water-related diseases and raise household incomes, particularly for women.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

Title Document Date
District Capitals Water Supply Project Apr 2013

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Project Name District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project)
Project Number 44130-022
Country Timor-Leste
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0258-TIM: District Capitals Water Supply Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 11.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Timor-Leste: Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project will help Ermera, Oecussi, and another district manage their water resources better. The Project will reduce water-related diseases and raise household incomes, particularly for women.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Unsafe water and inadequate sanitation cause diarrhea and child malnutrition. Because few people in Oecussi can access safe drinking water and improved sanitation, the under-five mortality rate is higher than the national . In Oecussi's main town, Pante Makasar, it is unsafe and unreliable water supply system results from a dilapidated network and lack of institutional capacity. Pante Makasar usually receives water a few hours a week or not at all. Peri-urban communities in Oecusse show lower access levels to improved sanitation than the national average. This may be due to house holders lack of awareness and low financial capacity to invest in basic infrastructure. This impacts people's health and contaminates shallow household's wells. Also, the lack of access to safe water increases women's workloads as they fetch water while caring for children affected by water-related diseases .

In Timor-Leste, 50% of the population lives on less than $0.80 per capita per day , below the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of $1.25 per capita per day. Of employed Timorese, those engaged in farming have the highest poverty incidence and account for 88% of the poor. The economies of Oecussi and Ermera are based on low productivity farming and provide very few employment opportunities outside of farming. In these Districts, 72% of the population are farmers or do unpaid housework. Farming low productivity and limited diversification of the economy are the result of infrastructure destruction during the last decade. There is difficulty accessing markets and inputs such as seeds or irrigation.

Improving roads and water supply are the highest priorities for the Government of Timor-Leste followed by food security. In accordance with these priorities, the Government of Timor-Leste has requested Asian Development Bank's (ADB) assistance to rehabilitate the Pante Makasar water supply system, improve sanitation in Oecussi District, and rehabilitate Debo Lehumo Lake in the sub-district of Eraulo to enable fish farming and irrigation activities to recommence.

Impact More people enjoy improved supply of drinking water in Timor-Leste
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome NDWSS provides safe and reliable water supply to district capitals Manatuto and Pante Macasar
Progress Toward Outcome Severe erosion in the adjacent gully will be halted through erosion control works. The project design did not include provision for detailed design work, and additional consultant inputs were required to prepare detailed designs, which resulted in implementation delays. The preliminary design prepared was also found to be unsatisfactory since expertise needed for the proposed borehole grouting technique was not available locally, and the small size of the contract would make it unsuitable for international competitive bidding. Civil works have been tendered and bids are currently being evaluated. The initial project design provided for community based erosion control works through bioengineering. However, upon inspection of the erosion gully by the project green erosion specialist, it was recommended that civil works be carried out to manage surface and sub surface water, and put into place surface armoring, slope re-enforcement and protection of the gully floor. A detailed design report was submitted to ADB for review and approval in June 2013. Manatuto rehabilitation works are expected to commence in early Q1 2015, while the Pante Makasar component is still being tendered.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

NDWSS rehabilitates and expands Manatuto and Pante Macasar water supply systems

Households in Manatuto and Pante Macasar have increased knowledge of efficient use of water resources and safe hygiene practices

Sustainable O&M of water systems practiced by DDWSS in district capitals

Sustainably secured water resources in Lake Lehumo

Executing and implementing agencies provide efficient project management and monitoring services.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

No progress has yet been achieved.

Implementation is underway, NGOs have undertaken baseline surveys to design hygiene awareness activities. These activities are currently being implemented.

32 youth from Manatuto and Pante Makassar completed water operators training course, and on the job training.

No progress achieved

The existing project management arrangements are currently under review to ensure improved efficiency and effectiveness of project implementation.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project main components are the rehabilitation of 2 water networks (one serving the town of Pante Makasar and another one to be identified). The project also includes the rehabilitation of the weirs of an existing artificial lake with a catchment area of 48 Hectares.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized as involuntary resettlement category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared. In Pante Macasar, based on initial surveys and public consultations, no private land acquisition will be necessary for the development works. The proposed new location for the Santa Rosa storage and treatment facilities, which is just 100 meters off the existing site, is government-owned land and will be provided to the project at no cost. Private land acquisition is also not required for the Lehumo Lake and Manatuto components. Cultural traditions for the use of water sources will be respected and are included in the consultation and participation plan.
Indigenous Peoples The project is categorized as indigenous peoples category C, hence no resettlement plan was prepared.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation Liaise with other government agencies and major stakeholders in the urban sector to ensure coordination and facilitate knowledge sharing. A consultation and participation plan has been prepared for the project.
Responsible ADB Officer Allison Woodruff
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public WorksAvenida dos martires da Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste
Ministry of InfrastructureAvenida dos Martire de Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste
Timetable
Concept Clearance 17 Nov 2010
Fact Finding 18 Jul 2011 to 21 Jul 2011
MRM 12 Aug 2011
Approval 23 Sep 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 18 Feb 2015

Grant 0258-TIM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2011 28 Oct 2011 09 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 14.32 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 11.00 23 Sep 2011 9.35 0.00 85%
Counterpart 3.32 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2011 3.08 0.00 28%
Title Document Type Document Date
District Capitals Water Supply Project Procurement Plans Apr 2013
Grant Agreement for District Capitals Water Supply Project between Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste and Asian Development Bank dated 28 October 2011 Grant Agreement Oct 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Gender Action Plans Sep 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies Sep 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project Project/Program Administration Manual Aug 2011
District Capitals Water Supply Project (formerly Oecussi and Ermera Water Rehabilitation Project) Design and Monitoring Frameworks Nov 2010

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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