Nepal: Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions

Sovereign Project | 44214-024 Status: Active

Summary

The Asian Development Bank is working with Nepal to ensure a reliable water supply for use in the home and for agriculture for about 45,000 households. The project is improving water management and storage practices in about 100 communities, and working to protect the areas around water sources to increase the volume of clean water. This includes building water collection ponds and drinking water tanks to store water during dry months, and educating communities on water conservation practices.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

 
Project Name Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions
Project Number 44214-024
Country Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0357-NEP: Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 23.54 million
Grant 0358-NEP: Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions
Nordic Development Fund US$ 4.63 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome A mid-term review conducted in January 2016 concluded that project activities are on track to meet this outcome.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Batch 1 civil works completed. 131 water sources have been developed for water supply, 18 for water supply and irrigation, and 13 as irrigation storage ponds. Batch 1 catchment restoration works and Batch 2 civil works are ongoing. Batch 3 SPPRs are under preparation.

2. The framework for GIS-based watershed management planning has been prepared. Four trainings on basic GIS conducted for field technical teams and soil conservation officers.

3. A knowledge management plan is being implemented. Hydrological and meteorological stations have been installed and baseline data is being collected.

4. Training programs for project staff and regularly conducted.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The project has an environmental assessment review framework that specifies environmental criteria for subproject selection. Subprojects of the types planned have minor or insignificant environmental impacts. It is expected to most of the inventions will be classified as Category C under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, with the exception of some of the newly constructed earthen ponds, which would be categorized B. A rapid environment assessment will be conducted for each subproject to determine the classification. Initial environmental exams will be prepared for Category B subprojects, and due diligence reports will be prepared for Category C subprojects. One district soil conservation office staff member will be trained as an environment officer for monitoring, supported by a consultant. The project management unit will prepare annual environmental monitoring reports.
Involuntary Resettlement The project will undertake small community-driven schemes with no resettlement or involuntary land acquisition. Communities must submit applications for project benefits and indicate in such applications that they voluntarily donate any necessary small parcels of land. By doing so, they become primary beneficiaries of enhanced water availability and watershed management. The selection criteria further require that communities demonstrate their willingness to carry out catchment protection measures. A voluntary land donation framework has been prepared and requires that due diligence is conduted on each scheme to ensure the selection criteria has been met.
Indigenous Peoples The communities where the potential schemes are located are almost exclusively Chhetri and/or Brahman and Dalit, and have insignificant Janajati (indigenous people) presence. The Janajatis do not constitute a community and are generally not a part of the agrarian system in the project area. An indigenous peoples impact-screening checklist has been prepared that will be used for each proposed subproject to screen out any subproject that will have negative impact on indigenous peoples' communities. A few members of an endangered, nomadic, indigenous peoples group the Raute occasionally visit the project area in Achham and Doti districts. To minimize their vulnerability and to conserve the natural resource niche that their marginal livelihood depends on, the project has included, as part of the subproject selection criteria, avoidance of project water storage interventions in land where the Raute are known to camp, even though untapped water sources may exist.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Several multi-stakeholder events were held starting in September 2009 to develop Nepal's Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) financed under the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) of the Climate Investment Funds. In March 2010, a small-scale TA was approved to conduct conduct an assessment of key risks for Nepal communities in light of climate change, and their adaptive capacity. Consultations at the national (primarily through the NAPA thematic working groups), district (6 sample districts, involving 150 people), and local level (12 places, involving 450 people, 40% of which were women) were held during the 6-month implementation period of the small-scale TA. A second joint programming mission involving Government, NGOs, local governments, and civil society was fielded in November 2010 to review the findings of the SPCR preparatory team and agree on priority SPCR projects. The final joint programming mission was fielded in February 2011 and a full multi-stakeholder workshop was dedicated to the design of the project and associated PPTA. Finally, a consultation workshop was convened in August 2011 to review the project concept paper and provide suggestions for improvement.
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services All consultants and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. One main package of consulting services will be engaged for project implementation support and supervision. An estimated 709 person-months of national consulting services are required to (i) facilitate project management and implementation, and (ii) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the executing agency. The consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method. Considering the remote location of the assignment, its unique management challenges, the variety of types of infrastructure in one project, and the need to implement the project in a shortened time period with high quality works, a quality:cost ratio of 90:10 will be used. Taking into account the services required and consultants to be recruited, the fact that DSCWM lacks the experience in procuring large consulting services packages, and the necessity to reduce project implementation start-up delays, the Government has requested that ADB, on behalf of the Government, undertake the shortlisting, evaluation, and ranking of the lead firms or organizations and their proposals. Contract negotiations, approval and signing of contracts will remain the Government's responsibility, with ADB assistance as may be required.
Procurement

All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines.

DSCWM has little to no experience in procuring contractors for civil works. Their usual practice is to engage communities to manage the construction of small civil works, with DSCO staff supervising and technically assisting them. They do not have experience in designing or constructing irrigation ponds or drinking water tanks and associated transmission systems. For these reasons, procurement of civil works will be through contractors and managed by the PMU, with the assistance of consultants. Procurement of goods through shopping may be done by the PMU and DSCOs, with assistance of the PMU's procurement specialist. The Project Director of the PMU will be responsible for the procurement of all goods, related services, and civil works under the Project.

Goods, related services, and civil works will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Since all contracts for civil works, equipment and services are expected to cost less than $1,000,000, contracts with a value greater than $100,000 will be awarded using national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures acceptable to ADB. Shopping will be allowed for contracts valued between $100,000 equivalent or less. DSCWM will certify to ADB that the goods and services financed by the grant are procured from ADB member countries. For small works where materials costs are less than $2,400 and where in-kind contributions in labor is freely provided by the community, ADB may agree to force account procedures provided that DSCWM has the capacity to assure proper use of funds. ADB must approve in advance the awarding of all contracts and substantial contract variations.

Because contracts will be awarded using national competitive bidding, before the start of any procurement ADB and the Government will review the public procurement laws of the Government to ensure consistency with ADB's Procurement Guidelines.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Vidhisha Samarasekara
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Dept. of Soil Conservation & Watershed Mgmt.
Ministry of Forest & Soil Conservation
P.O. Box 4719, Babar Mahal
Kathmandu, Nepal

Timetable

Concept Clearance 10 Oct 2011
Fact Finding 20 May 2013 to 24 May 2013
MRM 09 Jul 2013
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 10 May 2016

Grant 0357-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2013 20 Jan 2014 07 Feb 2014 31 Jul 2020 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 25.48 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 23 Sep 2013 0.00 6.50 28%
Counterpart 1.94 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 23.54 23 Sep 2013 0.00 3.46 15%

Grant 0358-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2013 13 Feb 2014 13 Feb 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 4.63 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 23 Sep 2013 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 4.63 23 Sep 2013 0.00 0.00 0%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.