The TA will assist the municipal government of BSC through two components, (i) preparing a comprehensive urban transport and land use strategy, (ii) facilitating institutional enhancement for urban transport planning and management. The TA will be implemented according to the situation of Biratnagar, and following the national policies of Nepal.
|Project Name||Urban Transport Planning and Management|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban public transport
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The TA will assist the municipal government of BSC through two components, (i) preparing a comprehensive urban transport and land use strategy, (ii) facilitating institutional enhancement for urban transport planning and management. The TA will be implemented according to the situation of Biratnagar, and following the national policies of Nepal.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Government of Nepal has adopted a National Urban Policy since 2007, which gives priority to (i) achieving a balanced national urban structure by directing infrastructure development and investment in regional economic centers (REC), (ii) improving the quality of urban life by building a clean, safe, and well-developed urban environment, and (iii) setting up effective urban management by empowering capable local institutions. Five RECs were identified in the National Urban Policy, including Biratnagar (Eastern Region), Birgunj (Central Region), Butwal (Western Region), Nepalgunj (Mid-western region) and Dhangadi (Far Western Region). Among the five RECs, Biratnagar is the largest. It is also the second largest city in Nepal with a population of 166,674 in 2001. The estimated population in 2011 is over 200,000.
Biratnagar is located at the south-eastern border to India, a tradition hub for agriculture, industry and trade. The city is at a gateway position to India and other neighbor countries, which makes it a major center for international and domestic trips. The Government of India is assisting Biratnagar in building an integrated check-post to manage cross-border activities, and in connecting the city with the railway network of India. Construction of roads linking to China is underway. Biratnagar is also close to Bangladesh and Bhutan. The improved connectivity to neighbor countries and the strategic role as an economic hub will drive the urbanization of Biratnagar at a high speed.
Following the fast-paced urbanization, there are needs to systematically plan and effectively manage the urban transport system of Biratnagar to ensure its affordability, accessibility, safety, and environmental sustainability. The urban road network of Biratnagar includes about 155 km of paved roads, 160 km of gravel, and 140 km of unpaved. Traffic congestion is now becoming serious on the major junctions, but no traffic signal is installed or operated on the road network. The city has 4 small bus parks for intercity transport services. One bus park is being upgraded to a main terminal by the Town Development Fund (TDF) of Ministry of Physical Planning and Public Works (MPPW). The intra-city transport services are mainly provided by cycle rickshaws. The pedestrian and cycle rickshaws share street space with motorized traffic, causing issues of mobility and safety.
By implementing the TA and disseminating the knowledge and experience obtained in Biratnagar, it is expected that other municipalities, particularly those of other REC cities, will follow a similar approach to urban transport planning and management. Furthermore, future investment in urban transport by the government, ADB, and other development partners will be guided by the comprehensive urban transport strategies formulated by the REC cities. The improved urban transport system will support the efficient movement of people and goods, and result in reduced congestion, fewer traffic accidents, efficient use of fuel, and better air quality. Ultimately, the impact of the TA will contribute to regionally balanced economic growth and reduced social inequity, which is in line with the transport sector outcomes that ADB supports in its country partnership strategy, 2010 2012.
|Impact||Improved planning and management for sustainable urban transport in Nepal|
|Description of Outcome||Strengthened capacity of BSC municipality in planning and management for sustainable urban transport|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Comprehensive training on contract administration and management was conducted from April 21 to 30, 2014 and a training on urban transport and management on October 13 to 15, 2014.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. A comprehensive urban transport and land use strategy for BSC
2. Enhanced institutional capacity to update and implement the urban transport and land use strategy
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. A comprehensive urban transport and land use strategy for Biratnagar has been developed. A training on urban transport and management in Biratnagar Sub-Metropolitan City was conducted on October 13 to 15, 2014.
2. Toolkits and guidelines in planning and management of urban transport have been prepared.
3. The comprehensive training on contract administration and management was conducted from April 21 to 30, 2014.
4. TORs for the proposed Urban Transport Division in MoUD and an Urban Transport Section in DUDBC have been prepared.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultation with key stakeholders, including the Ministry of Labor and Transport Management (MLTM), the Ministry of Local Development (MLD), the Ministry of Environment, the municipality of Biratnagor Submetropolitan City, public transport service providers, local communities, and development partners, was conducted during the consultation mission (4-8 July 2011) and fact-finding mission (15-19 August 2011). The stakeholders expressed support to the proposed TA.|
|During Project Implementation||A participatory approach is required for preparing the urban transport master plan. Furthermore, a stakeholder consultation and coordination strategy should be included in the urban transport master plan.|
|Consulting Services||ADB has engaged a team of international and national consultants through a consulting firm, in accordance with its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). The TA requires about 42 person-months of consulting services (24 international and 18 national), and is expected to be completed in 18 months. The consultants were engaged following the quality- and cost-based selection method and using simplified technical proposals. Expertise of the consultants are in (i) modeling urban transport system, (ii) planning urban transport system and institutional enhancement, (iii) managing urban transport infrastructure, (iv) regulating public transport service, (v) non-motorized transport, and (vi) urban transport performance monitoring.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Heriawan, Andri|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Ministry of Urban Development
Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
|Concept Clearance||10 Aug 2011|
|Fact Finding||15 Aug 2011 to 30 Aug 2011|
|Approval||07 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|07 Dec 2011||08 Feb 2012||08 Feb 2012||30 Jun 2014||31 Oct 2014||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|800,000.00||0.00||150,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||950,000.00||07 Dec 2011||713,096.83|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Urban Transport Planning and Management: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Jul 2015|
|Urban Transport Planning and Management: Final Report||Consultants' Reports||Sep 2014|
|Urban Transport Planning and Management||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2011|
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