Regional: Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2

Sovereign Project | 44323-012

Summary

The TA will promote sound environmental management and climate resilient interventions within the context of the GMS ECP. It will aim to reconcile development objectives in the GMS economic corridors with conservation and sustainable use of ecosystem services in priority transboundary landscapes and associated biodiversity corridors. The TA will accomplish this by integrating sound environmental management, biodiversity conservation and climate resilience measures in the GMS Economic Cooperation Program (ECP). Specifically, it will support the application of environmental management, planning and monitoring approaches and tools to aid investment decision making; support climate resilience through adaptation planning and low carbon and energy efficient investment strategies; support sustainable financing for conservation; and capacity development to ensure uptake of these measure by appropriate stakeholders including government, civil society and community groups.

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Project Name Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2
Project Number 44323-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7987-REG: Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Finland (w/ LoA) US$ 14.00 million
TA 7987-REG: Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2 (Supplementary)
A.T.F. - Swedish T.A. Grant US$ 8.30 million
TA 7987-REG: Core Environment Program and Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative in the Greater Mekong Subregion, Phase 2 (Supplementary)
Nordic Development Fund US$ 5.30 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Land-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The TA will promote sound environmental management and climate resilient interventions within the context of the GMS ECP. It will aim to reconcile development objectives in the GMS economic corridors with conservation and sustainable use of ecosystem services in priority transboundary landscapes and associated biodiversity corridors. The TA will accomplish this by integrating sound environmental management, biodiversity conservation and climate resilience measures in the GMS Economic Cooperation Program (ECP). Specifically, it will support the application of environmental management, planning and monitoring approaches and tools to aid investment decision making; support climate resilience through adaptation planning and low carbon and energy efficient investment strategies; support sustainable financing for conservation; and capacity development to ensure uptake of these measure by appropriate stakeholders including government, civil society and community groups.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The TA is consistent with the GMS Regional Cooperation Operations Business Plan (2011-2013), which aims to achieve the vision of an integrated, harmonious and prosperous GMS. Managing the environment and shared natural resources to help ensure sustainable development is one of four strategic pillars of the RCOBP. The TA is also closely aligned with the Strategic Framework for the next phase of the GMS Economic Cooperation Program (2012-2022).
Impact Improved biodiversity conservation and climate resilience across the GMS
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Environment friendly and climate resilient GMS Economic Cooperation Program
Progress Toward Outcome

The Core Environment Program (CEP) yielded significant results that contributed towards the 2016 Design Monitoring Framework outcomes. These are summarized in brief below (more information available in the CEP website: www.gms-eoc.org)

CEP made substantial contributions to technical and human resource capacity development: The Environment Operations Center (EOC) and CEP National Support Units (NSUs) delivered 30 capacity building events that engaged over 1,400 participants across the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS).

CEP played a lead role in mobilizing broad-based partnerships on key environmental issues in the GMS:For example, CEP has facilitated regular regional meetings of key GMS organizations working on climate change adaptation to exchange knowledge on best practices. Similarly, CEP has mobilized conservation organizations to work towards collaborative approaches to monitor and share information on biodiversity landscapes. Recently, CEP has begun looking at developing a broader partnership initiative to promote investments in natural capital, through multiple stakeholders including business, government, and civil society.

CEP continued to contribute to important policy and institutional development outcomes: These include environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedures and technical guidelines in Myanmar, an ecotourism management strategy in Myanmar, a master plan for biodiversity conservation in Viet Nam, and institutional review and capacity building support to the new Pollution Control Department (PCD) in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). The program also secured $1 million in funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to promote regional cooperation in climate-integrated management of transboundary biodiversity landscapes (TBLs) in the GMS.

Key strategic documents for CEP were prepared: Implementation commence for private sector engagement strategy, an institutional and capacity needs assessment to establish an institutional vision for the future of EOC, a gender and social inclusion strategy, and a communications strategy.

CEP has further strengthened its results-based monitoring approach following the successful completion of an independently facilitated self-assessment workshop held in January 2014.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Environmental planning systems, methods and safeguards improved

Management of transboundary biodiversity conservation lanscapes and local livelihoods improved

Climate resilient and low carbon strategies developed

Institutions and financing for sustainable environmental management improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Component-level progress(

Component 1: Environmental Planning, Safeguards and Monitoring

- Built capacity on impact valuation in support of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of a revised Power Development Plan in Viet Nam.

- Continued to provide knowledge services in support of developing a full ADB Myanmar Country Partnership Strategy.

- Expanded the GMS online knowledge hub with addition of new maps and new sets of statistics

- Built capacity in pollution modelling for the Pollution Control Department, Lao PDR.

- Continued support to Myanmar to develop a national online environment information system (EIS) and to prepare technical Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and environmental quality guidelines.

Component 2: Biodiversity Landscapes and Livelihoods

- Initiated regional/bilateral collaboration on transboundary biodiversity landscape (TBL) management, including consultations to establish a TBL knowledge forum, and cross-border cooperation between People's Republic of China (PRC) and Lao PDR on wild elephant conservation and enhancing local livelihoods, and establishing a common M&E framework in the Sino-Vietnamese Limestone TBL.

- Contributed to Viet Nam's Master Plan on Biodiversity Conservation

- Supported an Ecotourism Working Group in Myanmar to oversee the development of an ecotourism management strategy.

- TBL management and livelihoods development included in the GMS RIF portfolio of investments

Component 3: Climate Change

- Organized a climate change training course with the GMS Phnom Penh Plan for Development Management.

- Supported organization of a joint ADB-GIZ green freight workshop

- Published Climate Change and Rural Communities in the Greater Mekong Subregion: A Framework for Assessing Vulnerability and Adaptation Options

- EOC organized a second climate change adaptation roundtable meeting of regional development partners

- Collaborated with the ADB Biodiversity Conservation Corridor (BCC) project on a climate change vulnerability, climate change risk financing and REDD+

- Developed an investment concept on low carbon freight corridors and climate resilience in the GMS RIF and submitted a proposal to the Clean Technology Fund to build climate change mitigation capacity in Viet Nam

- Completed a Green Freight study in Cambodia

Component 4: Institutions and Financing

- Laid groundwork for the Institute of Strategy and Policy of Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE) to establish a cross-sector steering committee for CEP in Viet Nam

- Supported Thailand to establish a steering committee to oversee delivery of its part of CEP.

- Achieved WGE endorsement for five environment investment projects in the GMS RIF.

- Staffed CEP National Support Units in PRC, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam.

- Gained approval of CEP Letter of Agreement (LOA) between ADB and Cambodia's Ministry of Environment.

- Expanded the CEP website with new online tools and knowledge resources, including hosting partner climate change data (USAID and SEA-START).

- Disseminated nearly 2000 hard copies of CEP knowledge products.

- Organized 30 knowledge events involving more than 1,400 participants.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During the 2nd Environment Ministers' Meeting (EMM) held in Vientiane, Lao PDR in 2008, the GMS Governments acknowledged the useful contribution by the Core Environment Program-Biodiversity Conservation Initiative (CEP-BCI) towards the overall Economic Cooperation Program and requested ADB to begin preparation of a follow-on phase for endorsement at the 3rd EMM. This was reiterated by the Working Group on Environment (WGE) at their fourth semi-annual meeting in Bangkok in November 2009. Accordingly, commencing in January 2010, ADB supported the WGE and its technical secretariat, the Environment Operations Center (EOC) to prepare the second phase of CEP-BCI. Preparation involved several rounds of country-level and regional consultations which culminated in July 2011 with an in-principle endorsement of the Project Framework Document for CEP-BCI (2012-2016) at the third EMM.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will require the services of international consultants (up to 175 person-months), national consultants (up to 751 person-months) and GMS country specialists deputed to the EOC (up to 47 person-months). International consultants staffing the EOC will be engaged as individuals and other international consultants for program implementation will be hired as individuals or through a firm in accordance with the Guidelines for the Use of Consultants by the Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB. The engagement of domestic consultants will be delegated to the EOC in accordance with arrangements satisfactory to ADB.
Procurement Equipment for the EOC and the NSU will be procured by ADB according to ADBs Guidelines for Procurement.
Responsible ADB Officer Pavit Ramachandran
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Sep 2011
Fact Finding 26 Sep 2011 to 30 Sep 2011
MRM -
Approval 12 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 7987-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2011 - 12 Dec 2011 31 Dec 2015 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
800,000.00 27,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 28,400,000.00 12 Dec 2011 9,502,113.02

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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