India: Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 44427-013

Summary

Chhattisgarh Public Works Department (CGPWD) in 2002-2003, prepared a 10-Year Master Plan for Road Sector Development (MPRSD) for the years 2003 to 2012. MPRSD is based on social and economic development needs, development priorities for the road sector, and alternative investment strategies to support social and economic development priorities. It aims to (i) promote development of six main road corridors, (ii) remove capacity bottlenecks from the network to better connect rural areas, and (iii) support socio-economic development by improving road access and connectivity among growth centers. Based on MPRSD, Government of Chhattisgarh prepared and approved a priority investment program to improve about 5,000km of state roads at an estimated cost of about Rs105 billion ($2 billion).

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Project Name Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project
Project Number 44427-013
Country India
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2981-IND: Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 300.00 million
TA 8294-IND: Institutional Strengthening of the Chhattisgarh Public Works Department
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description Chhattisgarh Public Works Department (CGPWD) in 2002-2003, prepared a 10-Year Master Plan for Road Sector Development (MPRSD) for the years 2003 to 2012. MPRSD is based on social and economic development needs, development priorities for the road sector, and alternative investment strategies to support social and economic development priorities. It aims to (i) promote development of six main road corridors, (ii) remove capacity bottlenecks from the network to better connect rural areas, and (iii) support socio-economic development by improving road access and connectivity among growth centers. Based on MPRSD, Government of Chhattisgarh prepared and approved a priority investment program to improve about 5,000km of state roads at an estimated cost of about Rs105 billion ($2 billion). In order to support this plan, Asian Development Bank (ADB) provided a loan of $180 million from its ordinary capital resources in 2003, which supported improvement of about 1,249km of state roads in Chhattisgarh as well as state roads sector reforms and the project was completed in July 2011. Considering the substantial improvement of implementing capacity of CGPWD and in order to continuously support the road sector development in Chhattisgarh, the second loan of state roads project was proposed and included in the India country operations business plan (COBP) 2012-2014 for $300 million allocation from the ordinary capital resources.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Under the India country partnership strategy (2009-2012), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) supports all levels of the road sector development as a core infrastructure operation to facilitate sustainable economic growth. The project is consistent with the strategic objective set out in the country partnership strategy, which recognizes limited network capacity, limited operational capacity for management of road assets and road safety as main challenges in the road transport sector in India and recommends expansion of support to the state road sector to ensure an inclusive approach to fill the gap between ADB''s financial support in the rural road sector and the National Highway Development Program. The proposed project is included in the India country operations business plan (2012-2014) and was advanced for approval in 2012.

In India, road transport accounts for 68% of freight movement and 87% of passenger traffic. The national highways and the secondary system are unable to cope with the rapid traffic growth. In the road sector, freight traffic increased at about 12% and passenger traffic at about 8% per year in the past decade. The rapid growth in traffic leads to congestion, deterioration of roads and increase in the cost of transport. State roads, the secondary road system in India, link national highways with district headquarters and important towns. The secondary system comprises about 13% of the road network and carries about 40% of traffic. It is estimated that about half of the roads in the secondary system are of poor riding quality.

Chhattisgarh is one of India's poorest states and was established on 1 November 2000 through bifurcation from Madhya Pradesh state. Chhattisgarh is rich in mineral and coal deposits and located in the east of central India. About 41% of its 21 million population live below the national poverty line. Since about 32% of its population is tribal and scheduled caste, and forests cover about 44% of its area of 135,191 sq.km, it is known as a tribal and forest state.

Roads are the main mode of transportation in Chhattisgarh. National highways provide good east-west connections with neighboring states, and the main north-south connection within the state. However, the remaining roads in Chhattisgarh are mostly in poor conditions, and not usable in the monsoon season. This is especially true for roads in southern and northern Chhattisgarh, where most of the tribal people live. Many roads are only single or intermediate lane roads which lack sufficient capacity to cope with the growing traffic. The total road length in Chhattisgarh is about 36,000 km with the road density less than 30 km per 100 sq.km against the national average of 100 km per 100 sq.km. Moreover, 80% of its existing road network has an International Roughness Index worse than 4. Thus, Chhattisgarh lacks an adequate road network to support the required mobility between areas with natural resources, industrial centers and economic development zones, and provide better access to social amenities.

To improve state roads, CGPWD in 2002-2003, prepared a 10-Year Master Plan for Road Sector Development for the years 2003 to 2012, which aims to (i) promote development of six main road corridors, (ii) remove capacity bottlenecks from the network to better connect rural areas, and (iii) support socioeconomic development by improving road access and connectivity among growth centers. Based on the Master Plan, the Government of Chhattisgarh (GOC) prepared and approved a priority investment program for improvement, rehabilitation, strengthening and widening of about 5,000 km of state roads at an estimated cost of about INR105 billion ($2 billion). The master plan was updated in February 2006 using ADB technical assistance to identify road sector development needs for the period 2005-2016. The master plan recommends development of 8,871 km of state highways and major district roads at a cost of INR 33 billion ($600 million equivalent) in 2004 prices.

In order to support improvement of the road network in Chhattisgarh by implementing the road master plan, ADB provided a loan of $180 million in 2003 that supported improvement of 1,250 km of state roads in Chhattisgarh as well as state roads sector reforms; the project was successfully implemented and completed in July 2011. The project faced delays in the completion of about 2.5 years which were mainly due to (i) initial delays because of a lack of project readiness at the time of loan approval and (ii) limited capacity for project management and project implementation in CGPWD, which was at the time of loan approval in a phase of being established as an independent department for the State of Chhattisgarh, which was bifurcated from Madhya Pradesh only 3 years earlier. ADB therefore provided capacity development for the roads sector management in Chhattisgarh by the TA attached to Loan 2050, which supported (i) updating of the road master plan for the period 2005-2016 and (ii) establishing policies for planning and management in CGPWD, which also helped to prepare this project.

The roads proposed for inclusion under the project have been selected from this updated road master plan. The proposed project will supplement ADB's support in the rural road sector in Chhattisgarh by linking rural roads to the state and national highway network and thus providing access for the rural population to markets, businesses, social services and education.

The proposed project is prepared as a Sector Loan, as (i) the Government of Chhattisgarh has with the road master plan (2005-2016) a sector development plan, (ii) CGPWD has sufficient institutional capacity to implement this sector development plan as demonstrated in the successful completion of the previous loan, and (iii) appropriate policies to implement the sector development plan have been established. The two sample subprojects are the (i) Simra-Kurud road (SH-20, 110 km) and the (ii) Nandghat-Gidhori road (SH-10, 91 km), which represent almost 25% of the project cost. The non-sample roads will be selected and approved in line with the process outlined in the Project Administration Manual.

As the sector assessment identified lack of road maintenance in the past as the key factor leading to the deteriorated status of many project roads, the main focus of institutional strengthening by the capacity development TA attached to the proposed loan will be on improving maintenance management and road asset management. The budget available to CGPWD for road maintenance was found to be sufficient.

Impact Improved connectivity in Chhattisgarh
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved road transport system in Chhattisgarh
Progress Toward Outcome Infrastructure improvements have commenced by June-2015, since 15 of the 19 works contracts have been awarded. Capacity development activities for CGPWD (EA) have been completed, with many training programs having been conducted for technical, project management, and safeguards aspects.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Reconstructed and rehabilitated state roads

2. Improved capacity of CGPWD in procurement, contract management and project management

3. Road Asset Management System in place

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

(1) Procurement activities ongoing, with 15 out of 19 packages awarded. EA has awarded the three supervision consultants by Feb-2015, and these are mobilized.

(2) CDTA activities have been completed with many training programs having been conducted for technical, project management, and safeguards aspects. International site visits also conducted for key officers.

(3) Road Asset Management system procured and under deployment.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental impacts will be assessed and mitigated in compliance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and government guidelines, regulations, and policies. Environmental impact assessments or initial environmental examinations will be prepared, including environmental management plans, as applicable, for the project roads.
Involuntary Resettlement Social impacts will be assessed and mitigated in compliance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and government guidelines, regulations, and policies. Resettlement planning and indigenous peoples planning documents will be prepared at this stage, as required.
Indigenous Peoples Impacts on indigenous people will be assessed and mitigated in compliance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and government guidelines, regulations, and policies. Resettlement planning and indigenous peoples planning documents will be prepared at this stage, as required.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design In the course of social assessment of the areas of influence, a series of participatory and meaningful consultations were held with stakeholders and beneficiaries from various socioeconomic groups in the subproject area. Focus group discussions were organized at various locations with randomly selected groups of men, women, and indigenous people residing in the subproject areas. Key stakeholder interviews were conducted with gram panchayat sarpanch (village or small-town head), anganwadi workers (those working at child-care and mother-care centers), midwives, schoolteachers, farmers, traders, business people, and health workers. Fifty percent of the focus group discussions were held exclusively for women. Informants articulated the perceived benefits from the investment. They were positive about the need for the investment especially for improved accessibility for the villagers as well as better amenities reaching the households in the project districts.
During Project Implementation The Chhattisgarh PWD will organize further consultations with the stakeholders and beneficiaries within the subproject area during project implementation with the assistance of the RP implementation NGOs.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consulting firms will be recruited in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) using quality- and cost-based selection, with a quality-cost ratio of 80:20. CGPWD has awarded 15 of the 19 contract packages, and 3 bids are in progress. The three packages of supervision consultants for the project are already awarded.
Procurement Goods and works will be procured according to the ADB Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). All civil works will be procured by international competitive bidding.
Responsible ADB Officer P. V. Ravi
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Public Works Department-Govt of ChhattisgarhPDADB.RAIPUR.CG@GOV.INPWD, Sirpur Bhawan
Raipur - 492001
Chhattisgarh, India
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Mar 2012
Fact Finding 21 Aug 2012 to 29 Aug 2012
MRM 02 Oct 2012
Approval 11 Dec 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 02 Mar 2015

Loan 2981-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Dec 2012 26 Feb 2014 05 Jun 2014 30 Jun 2018 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 430.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 300.00 11 Dec 2012 133.38 0.00 44%
Counterpart 130.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 11 Dec 2012 6.10 0.00 2%

TA 8294-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Dec 2012 02 Jul 2013 02 Jul 2013 31 Dec 2013 30 Sep 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 11 Dec 2012 270,594.42
Title Document Type Document Date
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans May 2015
Loan Agreement for Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Feb 2014
Project Agreement for Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Project/Program Agreement Feb 2014
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी) Translated PDS Mar 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Project/Program Administration Manual Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Feb 2012

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2015
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Balod-Dhamtari Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Bodla-Daldali Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Khairagarh - Tumdibod Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Chilpi-Salhewara Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Chandkhuri-Maro-Umariya Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Ratanpur-Kota-Lormi-Pandaria-Mungeli Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Rajnandgaon Kachche (Antagarh) Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Anda-Funda Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Raipur-Urla - Belra-Kodwa Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Jairamnagar-Mastruri-Lawan Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Shivrinarayan-Birra-Champa Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Raipur-Balodabazar (SH-9) Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Dhamda-Khairagarh Road Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Rajnandgaon-Kachhe Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Ratanpur-Lormi Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Sheorinarayan-Champa Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Raipur-Baloda Bazar Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Chilpi - Salhewara Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Raipur-Kodwa Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Bodla - Daldali Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Balod - Dhamtari Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Jayaramnagar - Lawan Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Khairagarh - Tumadibod Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan - Anda-Funda Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Chandkhuri - Umariya Road Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Resettlement Plan - Dhamda-Khairagarh Subproject Resettlement Plans Nov 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Simga-Kurud Road Section Subproject Resettlement Plans Aug 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Nandghat-Gidhoury Road Section Subproject Resettlement Plans Aug 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Resettlement Frameworks Jul 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Jul 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Nandghat-Gidhoury (SH-10) Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project: Simga-Kurud (SH-20) Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2012
Chhattisgarh State Road Sector Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Jul 2012

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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