|Description of Project Outputs
Output 1: Subregional framework for bionergy development with food security concerns mainstreamed.
Output 2: Capacities of government institutions, service providers and rural communities to support bioenergy development.
Output 3: Knowledge products and business models for ensuing investment project from pilot projects and studies.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
In December 2011, ADB contracted a consortium of consulting firms led by Landell Mills Ltd. (LML) of the United Kingdom to provide technical assistance to support project implementation by the agricultural ministries of agriculture of Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam (CLV). Two individual consultants have also been engaged to provide support on regional cooperation and knowledge management under WGA Secretariat and to ensure coherence with other RETAs supporting the CASP II. Between April and June 2012 the agricultural ministries of CLV nominated their National Focal Point (NFP) and Technical Focal Point (TFP) for the RETA and inception workshops were conducted in CLV countries. To date two workshops and study tours were held in March and October 2013, and eight feasibility studies were conducted. Three national stakeholder consultation workshops were held in February and March 2012 where key topics for potential pilot projects were prioritized and agreed, along with recommendations for existing and new implementation structures. The RETA has successfully organized the (i) 1st GMS Forum on Harmonization of Bioenergy and Food Security Standards in Nanning, China in July 2012; and (ii) National and Standards Forum held in Cambodia, Viet Nam, Lao PDR in May and June 2013. A minor change in implementation arrangements was approved by the Director, SEER on 13 November 2013 engaging an international Regional Cooperation and Climate Change Specialist for 12 person-months of input to (i) strengthen institutional links and mechanisms for regional cooperation through the GMS WGA Secretariat; (ii) enhance cooperation with other GMS working groups (i.e. WGE, Working Group on Tourism, and Joint Committee on Trade Facilitation), and (iii) identify and map vulnerable areas, and model the economy-wide impact of climate change in the CLV countries.
On 24 April 2014, DG, SERD has approved the extension of TA completion date for 12 months from 31 December 2014 to 31 December 2015 to allow adequate opportunities for the TA to generate economically-viable and climate-friendly investment models as inputs for the proposed R-PPTA and to build capacity for starting up the ensuing regional investment project.
As of December 2014, highly innovative business models and investment modalities have been identified and are being piloted, which could be scaled up through further investment. Innovative approaches are being implemented to build capacity across the region through pilot projects for (i) bioslurry management; (ii) the sharing of technology for biogas; and (iii) the movement of rice husk and rice straw away from open or in-field burning. The demonstrations have been completed with the exception of two that were resown due to drought in Cambodia. New knowledge on pre- and post-treatment of biochar production was introduced through training programs and analytical support. A series of reports and knowledge materials such as technical summaries and a biobrief series have also been produced for a wider audience.
Eight feasibility studies on innovative investment models were posted on the GMS WGA website. Implementation of pilot projects to test scaled-up financing modalities were successfully completed with lessons extracted for future investment projects, particularly a project under the Regional Investment Framework (RIF). RETA 7833 successfully pioneered output-based disbursements in the agriculture and natural resources sector in the region. More than 20 workshops and training events were organized and over 10 knowledge products produced.
The following are the key achievements from January to June 2015 (i) a regional forum on development of implementation roadmaps for the organic rice standards, Cambodia biodigester standard with input from all three countries on their priorities for (a) implementing the standards and (b) aligning the standards to ASEAN/ASOA program; (ii) multi-season cropping pilots completed in Cambodia and Laos with evidence of increasing productivity through time for biofertilizer treatments; (iii) biochar kiln awareness and training workshops in each country linked to advanced kiln technology, pre and post treatments of biochar for biofertilizer production; (iv) lifecycle analysis least cost assessment models for biomass technologies piloted in each country highlighting the net gains for GHG emission reduction form alternative use strategies one key finding being that the organic composting of biomass was contributing to GHG emissions; (v) extended LCA models for nitrogen and phosphate equivalents; (vi) business model assessment for upscaling of pilots identified and assessed; (vii) regional completion workshop in Luang Prabang where the TA findings were presented in total with detailed discussion on the way forward; (viii) continued development of knowledge management products with biobriefs and knowledge products produced on findings, LCA, least cost assessment and extended LCA environmental pollution models; (ix) a total of 120 minutes of video training and resource materials produced on a range of biomass issues, options and technology topics in English and local languages ready for final edit.