Regional: Capacity Building for the Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Sovereign Project | 44474-012 Status:

Summary

Since 2007, the GMS Working Group on Agriculture (WGA) has supported the GMS countries to carry out a study on strategies and options for biofuels and rural renewable energy development in the GMS. The study resulted in the development of a GMS Strategic Framework and Action Plan for Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy (RRE) that was endorsed during the Fifth Meeting of the Working Group on Agriculture (WGA-5). To support the implementation of the Framework and to realize the full potential of this sector, this regional capacity development technical assistance (R-CDTA) is required to conduct prefeasibility studies, and to develop human and institutional capacity including that of the private sector. Under the R-CDTA, new technologies developed and adopted in the rural context elsewhere will be pilot tested to acquire knowledge for scaling up in the proposed regional investment project in the ADB pipeline.

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Project Name Capacity Building for the Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Project Number 44474-012
Country Regional
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7833-REG: Capacity Bldg for the Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bionergy and Food Security in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Nordic Development Fund US$ 4.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Energy - Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste

Health - Health system development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description Since 2007, the GMS Working Group on Agriculture (WGA) has supported the GMS countries to carry out a study on strategies and options for biofuels and rural renewable energy development in the GMS. The study resulted in the development of a GMS Strategic Framework and Action Plan for Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy (RRE) that was endorsed during the Fifth Meeting of the Working Group on Agriculture (WGA-5). To support the implementation of the Framework and to realize the full potential of this sector, this regional capacity development technical assistance (R-CDTA) is required to conduct prefeasibility studies, and to develop human and institutional capacity including that of the private sector. Under the R-CDTA, new technologies developed and adopted in the rural context elsewhere will be pilot tested to acquire knowledge for scaling up in the proposed regional investment project in the ADB pipeline.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy To support the implementation of the Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II (CASP II), the GMS countries requested ADB to prioritize regional cooperation assistance in bioenergy to diversify the region's energy options and to enhance food security, including technology transfer from more advanced GMS countries to Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam (CLV). In response to this request, this R-CDTA is confirmed for 2011. This R-CDTA is also consistent with the Country Partnership Strategies (CPS) of Cambodia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam.
Impact The expected impact of the R-CDTA is improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome The R-CDTA's outcomes include enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments.
Progress Toward Outcome The physical activities were completed on 31 December 2015. The TA achieved its intended outcome and generated economically viable and climate-friendly investment models that fed into proposed regional projects under the GMS Regional Investment Framework, particularly the GMS climate-friendly agri-business value chain.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1: Subregional framework for bionergy development with food security concerns mainstreamed.

Output 2: Capacities of government institutions, service providers and rural communities to support bioenergy development.

Output 3: Knowledge products and business models for ensuing investment project from pilot projects and studies.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: The TA enhanced regional cooperation on bioenergy development. The initial mechanism for facilitating high-level dialogue and ultimate adoption of common standards was the 1st GMS Forum on Harmonization of Bioenergy and Food Security Standards in July 2012 wherein the harmonization roadmap was devised and agreed A follow-on national policy forum in each country provided a venue for policymakers and government key stakeholders to discuss policies and opportunities relevant to their country. Policy working groups in each country were formed and were responsible to prepare policy road maps for standards, certification and labelling for biomass related technologies and climate friendly agriculture based on the outcome of the national forum. In Lao PDR, the government approved the Laos Organic Rice Standard and a guidebook was prepared to assist with the adoption of the standard. However, in Cambodia, no further work stemming from the roadmap could be undertaken as standards have not been approved by the government when the TA closed in December 2015.

Output 2: While climate-friendly biomass investment projects were pilot tested for wider implementation, the indicators were not achieved because the project aimed to test business models for future scale-up and not to construct specific number of bio-digesters, biochar kilns and improved cookstoves or to test these particular technologies.

Output 3: The TA strengthened capacity for efficient use of biomass. The various gender-sensitive regional and national training initiatives, including production of four training videos in local languages, positively enhanced the institutional and technical capacity of key stakeholders. Training initiatives enhanced the capacity of 5,292 trainees including 512 government officials, 980 service provides and 3,800 lead farmers. Of these trainees, 2,591 were women (49%).

Output 4: The TA effectively developed and disseminated knowledge products (KPs). Some of the KPs produced and disseminated were: soils and biomass amendments, biochar filters for biodigesters, biochar testing and analysis, agricultural biomass resource assessment in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Vietnam and business models for scaling-up.

While the TA was not implemented as planned, requiring minor changes in implementation arrangements and extension of the TA completion date, this did not adversely impact on the delivery of TA outputs.

Geographical Location

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services ADB will engage a consulting firm to provide 26 person-months of international consultants and 111 person-months of national consultants. Two individual consultants (40 person-months) will also be engaged by ADB to provide backstopping on regional cooperation and knowledge management and to ensure overall coherent with the GMS regional cooperation program.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Pavit Ramachandran
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines

Timetable

Concept Clearance 28 Feb 2011
Fact Finding 18 Jan 2011 to 16 Feb 2011
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

TA 7833-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jun 2011 - 29 Jun 2011 31 Dec 2014 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 4,000,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,600,000.00 29 Jun 2011 3,470,884.81

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