Regional: Capacity Building for the Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Sovereign Project | 44474-012

Summary

Since 2007, the GMS Working Group on Agriculture (WGA) has supported the GMS countries to carry out a study on strategies and options for biofuels and rural renewable energy development in the GMS. The study resulted in the development of a GMS Strategic Framework and Action Plan for Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy (RRE) that was endorsed during the Fifth Meeting of the Working Group on Agriculture (WGA-5). To support the implementation of the Framework and to realize the full potential of this sector, this regional capacity development technical assistance (R-CDTA) is required to conduct prefeasibility studies, and to develop human and institutional capacity including that of the private sector. Under the R-CDTA, new technologies developed and adopted in the rural context elsewhere will be pilot tested to acquire knowledge for scaling up in the proposed regional investment project in the ADB pipeline.

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Project Name Capacity Building for the Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Project Number 44474-012
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7833-REG: Capacity Bldg for the Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bionergy and Food Security in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Nordic Development Fund US$ 4.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Energy - Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste
Health - Health system development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description Since 2007, the GMS Working Group on Agriculture (WGA) has supported the GMS countries to carry out a study on strategies and options for biofuels and rural renewable energy development in the GMS. The study resulted in the development of a GMS Strategic Framework and Action Plan for Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy (RRE) that was endorsed during the Fifth Meeting of the Working Group on Agriculture (WGA-5). To support the implementation of the Framework and to realize the full potential of this sector, this regional capacity development technical assistance (R-CDTA) is required to conduct prefeasibility studies, and to develop human and institutional capacity including that of the private sector. Under the R-CDTA, new technologies developed and adopted in the rural context elsewhere will be pilot tested to acquire knowledge for scaling up in the proposed regional investment project in the ADB pipeline.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy To support the implementation of the Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II (CASP II), the GMS countries requested ADB to prioritize regional cooperation assistance in bioenergy to diversify the region's energy options and to enhance food security, including technology transfer from more advanced GMS countries to Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam (CLV). In response to this request, this R-CDTA is confirmed for 2011. This R-CDTA is also consistent with the Country Partnership Strategies (CPS) of Cambodia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam.
Impact The expected impact of the R-CDTA is improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome The R-CDTA's outcomes include enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments.
Progress Toward Outcome Positive steps have been undertaken to enhance capacity.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1: Subregional framework for bionergy development with food security concerns mainstreamed.

Output 2: Capacities of government institutions, service providers and rural communities to support bioenergy development.

Output 3: Knowledge products and business models for ensuing investment project from pilot projects and studies.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

In December 2011, ADB contracted a consortium of consulting firms led by Landell Mills Ltd. (LML) of the United Kingdom to provide technical assistance to support project implementation by the agricultural ministries of agriculture of Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam (CLV). Two individual consultants have also been engaged to provide support on regional cooperation and knowledge management under WGA Secretariat and to ensure coherence with other RETAs supporting the CASP II.

Between April and June 2012 the agricultural ministries of CLV nominated their National Focal Point (NFP) and Technical Focal Point (TFP) for the RETA and inception workshops were conducted in CLV countries. To date two workshops and study tours were held in March and October 2013, and eight feasibility studies were conducted. Three national stakeholder consultation workshops were held in February and March 2012 where key topics for potential pilot projects were prioritized and agreed, along with recommendations for existing and new implementation structures. The RETA has successfully organized the (i) 1st GMS Forum on Harmonization of Bioenergy and Food Security Standards in Nanning, China in July 2012; and (ii) National and Standards Forum held in Cambodia, Viet Nam, Lao PDR in May and June 2013. A minor change in implementation arrangements was approved by the Director, SEER on 13 November 2013 engaging an international Regional Cooperation and Climate Change Specialist for 12 person-months of input to (i) strengthen institutional links and mechanisms for regional cooperation through the GMS WGA Secretariat; (ii) enhance cooperation with other GMS working groups (i.e. WGE, Working Group on Tourism, and Joint Committee on Trade Facilitation), and (iii) identify and map vulnerable areas, and model the economy-wide impact of climate change in the CLV countries.

On 24 April 2014, DG, SERD has approved the extension of TA completion date for 12 months from 31 December 2014 to 31 December 2015 to allow adequate opportunities for the TA to generate economically-viable and climate-friendly investment models as inputs for the proposed R-PPTA and to build capacity for starting up the ensuing regional investment project.

As of December 2014, highly innovative business models and investment modalities have been identified and are being piloted, which could be scaled up through further investment. Innovative approaches are being implemented to build capacity across the region through pilot projects for (i) bioslurry management; (ii) the sharing of technology for biogas; and (iii) the movement of rice husk and rice straw away from open or in-field burning. The demonstrations have been completed with the exception of two that were resown due to drought in Cambodia. New knowledge on pre- and post-treatment of biochar production was introduced through training programs and analytical support. A series of reports and knowledge materials such as technical summaries and a biobrief series have also been produced for a wider audience.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB will engage a consulting firm to provide 26 person-months of international consultants and 111 person-months of national consultants. Two individual consultants (40 person-months) will also be engaged by ADB to provide backstopping on regional cooperation and knowledge management and to ensure overall coherent with the GMS regional cooperation program.
Responsible ADB Officer Pavit Ramachandran
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Feb 2011
Fact Finding 18 Jan 2011 to 16 Feb 2011
MRM -
Approval 29 Jun 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 7833-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jun 2011 - 29 Jun 2011 31 Dec 2014 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 4,000,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,600,000.00 29 Jun 2011 2,023,813.33

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