China, People's Republic of: Study on Eco-Compensation Regulations

Sovereign Project | 44501-001 Status: Closed

Summary

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Project Name Study on Eco-Compensation Regulations
Project Number 44501-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7699-PRC: Study on Eco-compensation Regulations
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Forestry - Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

The TA supported delegations from the NDRC's Department of Western Region Development on two separate study tours. The international study tours were used to gather information that oriented further research into legislative provisions and arrangements for government financial investments and transfer payments, horizontal intra-ecological labeling systems. The international consultant also separately completed a review on international approaches in legislating PES and implacations for PRC.

Thematic studies on nine eco-compensation focal areas were completed. The TA consultants and NDRC officials prepared "Opinions on Establishing and Improving Eco-compensation Mechanism (OEIEM)" for submission to the State Council. The OEIEM is expected to provide the basis for the PRC Government's policy framewokr and institutional arrangements for eco-compensation. On the basis of the thematic studies and the information compiled from the study tours, the TA consultants proposed the Eco-compensation Legislative Framework and an initial draft of the Eco-compensation Regulations.

Based on the request by NDRC, the TA consultants, produced an academic publication titled "Developing Eco-compensation Regulations in China: the Way Forward". This is the first academic publication in China that comprehensively and systematically discusses eco-compensation legislation and practice.

A separate ADB knowledge product synthesizing the work of the TA and key lessons learnt for a wider audience has been prepared and is currently undergoing peer review, and is anticipated to be published in Q1 2015.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed in 2013

Thematic studies on nine eco-compensation focal areas were completed. These included studies on (i) legislative framework for eco-compensation, (ii) wetland eco-compensation; (iii) forest ecological benefit compensation, (iv) inter-regional eco-compensation approaches, (v) river basin eco-compensation, (vi) compensation for exploitation and utilization of mineral resources, (vii) marine eco-compensation, (viii) collection of ecological compensation tax, and (ix) modeling work in eco-compensation design and evaluation.

Study framework already presented at the inception workshop.

In the second half of 2011, the TA consultants and NDRC officials prepared "Opinions on Establishing and Improving Eco-compensation Mechanism (OEIEM)" for submission to the State Council. The OEIEM is expected to provide the basis for the PRC Government's policy framework and institutional arrangements for eco-compensation. On the basis of the thematic studies and the information compiled under Output 1, the TA consultants proposed the Eco-compensation Legislative Framework and an initial draft of the Eco-compensation Regulations.

Based on the request by NDRC, as recorded in the interim review mission MOU, the TA consultants produced an academic publication titled "Developing Eco-compensation Regulations in China: the Way Forward", published by the Peking University Press. This is the first academic publication in China that comprehensively and systematically discusses eco-compensation legislation and practice. A separate ADB knowledge product synthesizing the work of the TA and key lessons learnt for a wider audience has been prepared and is currently undergoing peer review, and is anticipated to be published in Q1 2015.

Geographical Location

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The initial project concept was prepared by NDRC and listed as a standby in the 2010 Country Program. A reconnaissance mission was fielded in Sep 2010 and discussions were held with NDRC in order to clarify scope and specific outputs of the TA. One particular concern was the potential overlap between this TA and another TA (TA 7217-PRC ) that is currently under implementation with Ministry of Environment Protection (MEP). This was clarified with NDRC and MEP during the mission. MEP now participates and provides input into the high level multi-sector committee established by this NDRC led process. To ensure broader participation and input from other agencies and civil society organizations, the proposed TA was also presented and discussed at the PES conference organized in Ya'an, Sichuan Province on 23-24 October 2010.
During Project Implementation NRDC will provide in-kind contributions of counterpart staff time; support domestic field-trip expenses; cofinance the cost of the international workshops and/or conferences; and provide the logistical support, printing costs, office space, consultants' internet and other basic office facility usage.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The TA will be implemented over 24 months, tentatively scheduled from March 2011 to February 2013. Ten individual consultants--nine national consultants (team leader, deputy team leader, and seven other thematic experts) and one international consultant, will be engaged to conduct studies that contribute to the drafting of the eco-compensation legislation. An estimated 62.5 person-months of consulting services will comprise the services of an international expert for 3.5 person-months and nine individual national experts for 59 person-months. ADB will engage the consultants following its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). The outline terms of reference for the consultants are in Appendix 3 of the TA Report.
Procurement The individual consultant selection modality will be used because studies related to eco-compensation legislation comprise a highly specialized subject; thus identifying an available firm with sufficient expertise to implement this study would be difficult. In addition, separate responsibilities are required to produce the nine thematic reports. A proposed outline for the thematic study report is provided in Appendix 4 of the TA Report.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Alvin Lopez
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
National Development and Reform Commission
No. 8 South Yuetan St.
Beijing 100824
China

Timetable

Concept Clearance 29 Oct 2010
Fact Finding 29 Oct 2010 to 11 Nov 2010
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 25 Sep 2014

TA 7699-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Dec 2010 10 Jan 2011 10 Jan 2011 28 Feb 2013 30 Nov 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 10 Dec 2010 437,137.06

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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