Regional: Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 2)

Sovereign Project | 44514-001

Summary

TA will finance the participation of consultants for 10th to 12th TWG meetings as well as hold separate buyers and sellers meeting, to resolve issues to finalize GSPA and integrate OA as part of the GSPA signing. The perceived risks of the TA are the (i) nonconformance of any of the governments to hold the meetings, (ii) change in governments' priorities, and (iii) insurgencies or external conflicts. However, the governments' active participation in the TWGs and steering committee meetings, coupled with exchange visits of top-level officials, reflect their commitment to developing a common approach to various bilateral and multilateral issues in realizing the project.

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Project Name Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 2)
Project Number 44514-001
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7756-REG: Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 2)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
TA 7756-REG: Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 2) (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 150,000.00
TA 7756-REG: Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India Natural Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 2) (2nd Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 150,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Energy - Oil and gas transmission and distribution
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description TA will finance the participation of consultants for 10th to 12th TWG meetings as well as hold separate buyers and sellers meeting, to resolve issues to finalize GSPA and integrate OA as part of the GSPA signing. The perceived risks of the TA are the (i) nonconformance of any of the governments to hold the meetings, (ii) change in governments' priorities, and (iii) insurgencies or external conflicts. However, the governments' active participation in the TWGs and steering committee meetings, coupled with exchange visits of top-level officials, reflect their commitment to developing a common approach to various bilateral and multilateral issues in realizing the project.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The governments of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India have requested ADB to continue to provide legal counsel and support for negotiations and finalization of GSPA and Operational Agreement (OA) to meet the target date for signing the same in April 2011. As such, the 10th to 12th technical working group (TWG) meetings have been scheduled for February to March 2011 to expedite negotiations and formulate agreements which include, among others, (i) supply quantity, (ii) contract price, (iii) taxes, (iv) payment arrangements, (v) payment security, (vi) guarantees, (vii) dedication of gas reserves, (viii) maintenance, (ix) metering, and (x) insurance.
Impact Increased energy security in Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan; and enhanced energy market in Turkmenistan.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced regional cooperation in Central West Asia on energy trading
Progress Toward Outcome ADB held the TAPI's Buyers/ADB and Seller/ADB Meeting on 10-12 January 2011 and 24-26 January 2011, respectively. ADB likewise facilitated the GSPA negotiations and agreements on the 10th - 15th TAPI Technical Working Group (TWG) Meetings between mid-February to late-July 2011. The GSPA is currently being finalized for signature of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Indian Parties by September 2011.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs Buyers and sellers meetings, and 10th to 12th TWG Meetings successfully concluded.
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

ADB/Buyers Meeting took place on 10-12 Jan 2011 while ADB/Sellers Meeting on 24-26 Jan 2011. The 10th TWG Meeting was held on 14-17 Feb 2011. In addition, bilateral meetings between TKM/IND and TKM/PAK were held on 7-8 and 10-11 Feb 2011, respectively. ADB facilitated the following TWG meetings: (1) 11th TWG on 3-7 Mar 2011 in Singapore; (2) 12th TWG on 23-25 Mar 2011 in Islamabad, Pakistan; (3) 13th TWG and 13th Steering Committee Meeting on 25-28 Apr 2011 in Delhi, India; (4) 14th TWG on 30 May-3 June 2011 in Manila, Philippines; and (5) 15th TWG on 28 July 2011 in Dubai, UAE.

Finalization of Gas Sales and Purchase Agreement is on-going.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The governments of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India have been consulted on the extent of assistance needed to facilitate the necessary agreements to trade the exportation and importation of natural gas in the four countries.
During Project Implementation Close coordination with the four governments will be undertaken to ensure the effectiveness of the ADB assistance.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Initially, four (4) person-months of international consulting services (Legal Advisor) was required to assist in the preparation and finalization of buyers' and sellers' agreements, as well as the GSPA. A Legal Advisor was engaged on 12 January 2011. Missions have been fielded on 10-12 January 2011 and 24-26 January 2011 to facilitate the TAPI's Buyers/ADB and Seller/ADB Meeting, respectively. Likewise, GSPA negotiations and agreements were facilitated by ADB with the help of the Legal Advisor on the 10th, 11th and 12th TAPI Technical Working Group (TWG) Meetings between mid-February to end-March 2011.

With the outstanding issues of GSPA finalization, additional TWG meetings were necessitated. As such, the consulting service was extended to assist ADB in facilitating the 13th TWG meeting on 25-28 Apr 2011 in Delhi, India and 14th TWG meeting on 30 May -3 June 2011 in Manila, Philippines.

Responsible ADB Officer Bouadokpheng Chansavat
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 02 Mar 2011
Fact Finding 02 Mar 2011 to 15 Mar 2011
MRM -
Approval 23 Dec 2010
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Aug 2011

TA 7756-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Dec 2010 - 23 Dec 2010 30 Apr 2011 31 May 2012 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
525,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 525,000.00 23 Dec 2010 505,472.90

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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