Lao People's Democratic Republic: Vientiane Sustainable Urban Transport Project

Sovereign Project | 45041-001

Summary

The ensuing project to be prepared by the TA is expected to have four components: (i) institutional and capacity development; (ii) pilot public transport service and facilities; (iii) parking structure and facilities; and (iv) a demonstration traffic management scheme. The institutional and capacity development component will cover an institutional framework, funding mechanism, and capacity building for a proposed Pilot Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) Agency (PEA) to manage the operation and maintenance of the pilot services and eventually extend them to other areas in Lao PDR. Implementation of pilot public transport service and facilities will likely consist of two closed loop routes, which will provide public transport bus coverage to essentially the entire city core area. The construction of the parking structure and facilities is necessary to relieve congestion in the core area.

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Project Name Vientiane Sustainable Urban Transport Project
Project Number 45041-001
Country Lao People's Democratic Republic
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7964-LAO: Vientiane Sustainable Urban Transport
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 700,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Urban public transport

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The ensuing project to be prepared by the TA is expected to have four components: (i) institutional and capacity development; (ii) pilot public transport service and facilities; (iii) parking structure and facilities; and (iv) a demonstration traffic management scheme. The institutional and capacity development component will cover an institutional framework, funding mechanism, and capacity building for a proposed Pilot Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) Agency (PEA) to manage the operation and maintenance of the pilot services and eventually extend them to other areas in Lao PDR. Implementation of pilot public transport service and facilities will likely consist of two closed loop routes, which will provide public transport bus coverage to essentially the entire city core area. The construction of the parking structure and facilities is necessary to relieve congestion in the core area. The demonstration traffic management scheme is expected to involve the introduction of effective traffic and parking enforcement; educaiton of drivers, other road users, and traffic regulators; and improved coordination and control of new initiatives for development in the Vientiane core area.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Vientiane Capital City is composed of nine districts encompassing almost 4,000 square km and an estimated population of about 750,000. The urbanized areas are primarily concentrated in four of the districts and have an estimated population of about 500,000. The focus of the TA is the central core area of the city, which has an area of about 1.6 square km. It is a relatively narrow area about 2.5km in length lying along the northern banks of the Mekong River. The central core area has a rich mixture of governmental, education, religous, commercial, financial, and residential development. An important feature of the central part of Vientiane is the Conservation Zone, also referred to as the historical zone or the hertiage zone. This area is also the tourist center of the city, containing many of the hotels, restaurants, and tourist areas, including five historical Buddhist temples. Almost all of the study core area lies within the Conservation Zone.

The traffic conditions in Vientiane are deteriorating due to increases in population and the number of vehicles. The city is starting to experience congestion and related problems of accidents, deteriorating local air quality, and greenhouse gas emissions due to the rapid growth of private motorized vehicle use. The city has experienced an 11% average annual increase in private vehicles over the last decade. The total number of vehicles registered in Vientiane has doubled over the last five years. With congestion and associated concerns about local air quality, travel times, accidents, and a deteriorating urban environment, the rapid increases in private motorized transport are placing Vientaine on an unsustainable transport development path.

ADB carried out a prefeasibility study in 2010/2011 to examine the possibility of developing a sustainable urban transport project in Lao PDR to address rapidly increasing congestion in the core area of Vientiane. The prefeasiblity study developed the scope of a project for Vientiane and received widespread support from relevant Government decision makers. The proposed PPTA is required to prepare a project suitable for ADB financing, including detailed technical, financial, economic, institutional, sector policy, and safeguards analysis.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Widespread consultations have been conducted with community members and business owners along the BRT route, as well as the Tuk-Tuk Association, Taxi Association, independent taxi drivers, Pick-up and Van Association, international NGOs, and the government. To encourage more meaningful participation, numerous interviews and small focus group sessions with stakeholders have also been conducted. Native-language information materials about the project have been provided at these consultative meetings.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting firms, IDOM of Spain and the Institute for Transportation & Policy Development (ITDP), were engaged for the project preparatory technical assistance.
Responsible ADB Officer Jeffrey M. Miller
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works and TransportDept of Housing and Urban Planning, Lao
PDR, Lane-Xang Ave., Vientiane Lao PDR
P.O. Box 206
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 12 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2014

TA 7964-LAO

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2011 17 Jan 2012 17 Jan 2012 31 Aug 2012 30 Sep 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 700,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 800,000.00 12 Dec 2011 609,717.98

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Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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