China, People's Republic of: Innovations in Administrative Functions of Environmental Protection and Human Resources Development

Sovereign Project | 45061-001

Summary

The government's 12th Five-Year Plan emphasizes the need to continue building a resource-efficient and environment-friendly society. Strengthening ecosystem and natural resource management remains the focus of the ADB Country Partnership Strategy (2011-2015), which supports environmental protection and capacity development to reinforce inclusive growth. This is reflected in the updated country partnership strategy results framework.

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Project Name Innovations in Administrative Functions of Environmental Protection and Human Resources Development
Project Number 45061-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7915-PRC: Innovations in Administrative Functions of Environmental Protection and Human Resources Development
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 450,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The government's 12th Five-Year Plan emphasizes the need to continue building a resource-efficient and environment-friendly society. Strengthening ecosystem and natural resource management remains the focus of the ADB Country Partnership Strategy (2011-2015), which supports environmental protection and capacity development to reinforce inclusive growth. This is reflected in the updated country partnership strategy results framework.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) is actively exploring innovative approaches that would transform its institutional arrangements and administrative system to be cost-effective and supportive of PRC's emission reduction targets during the 12th Five-Year period. The government envisages that the institutional reform of MEP would ultimately contribute to the development goal of livelihood improvement. In March 2008, the National People's Congress of the PRC passed the super ministry reform (SMR) motion and elevated the former State Environment Protection Department (SEPA) to MEP. The main objective of the SMR was to reduce the problem of overlapping governmental responsibilities by combining departments with similar authority level and closely related functions. By enlarging the SMR's responsibilities and authority, the reform was intended to convert the previously inter-departmental to intra-departmental tasks, allowing a single department to deal with comprehensive problems from multiple perspectives. The reform further strengthens the environmental protection sector's administrative stability, political will, decision making power, and access to resources. However, the MEP continues to confront specific administration and institutional challenges as part of this reform process both horizontally (overlap of jurisdiction and responsibility between the MEP and other sectoral agencies); and vertically (where responsibility for environmental protection falls under double leadership i.e., the MEP and the local governments). Weak human resource capacity to support the implementation of the administration and management system reform process also serves as a major obstacle.

The government requested ADB to provide a TA to help MEP (i) prepare a detailed roadmap for an enhanced administration system, and institutional framework for environmental protection in the PRC; and (ii) prepare recommendations for strengthening policy framework required to enhance environmental protection skills, and human resources development within the relevant government departments responsible for environmental protection.

ADB provided to the government in 2005 a TA to help develop MEP's (then the State Environmental Protection Agency's) regional supervision centers (RSCs); and in 2009 another TA on Strengthening Enforcement of Environmental Laws and Regulations to improve the enforcement capacity of national, regional, and local environmental agencies. The main lesson learnt from the previous TAs (as highlighted in the draft TCR) was that timely assistance to the PRC was a critical factor, which contributed to the success as the TA progressed hand-in-hand with the government's institutional development and therefore mutually benefited each other. TA workshops and seminars were well utilized to discuss the mandates, functionality, and staffing of the RSCs while these RSCs were being established through parallel government efforts.

ADB supported the first and second international conferences on PES in the PRC in November 2009 and October 2010. The TA will build on past and ongoing ADB interventions and focus specifically on introducing global best practice approaches in the development of national eco-compensation legislation in the PRC. The lessons and issues identified at these conferences have provided the basis for the formulation of the TA.

Impact Improved environmental administrative system with enhanced human resources capacity for environmental protection and management in the PRC.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced institutional capacity of the MEP for environmental administration and human resource development.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Recommendations for strengthening policy framework on environmental protection skills, and human resources capacity within environmental protection departments

A knowledge product (policy brief) summarizing the key findings and providing policy recommendations

A detailed plan for an enhanced administration system and institutional framework for environmental protection in the PRC

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: A draft roadmap for environmental administration reform was included as a chapter in the interim report.

Output 2: Recommendations for strengthening policy framework to be included in the final report. Draft final report to be submitted to ADB IV March 2015.

Output 3: Draft knowlege product to be submitted to ADB in April 2015.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Detailed interdepartmental consultations were organised by MEP-FECO during project design. This TA builds on the key findings and recommendations of the past initiatives, the government requested ADB to provide TA to help the MEP prepare (i) a detailed plan for an improved administration system and institutional framework for environmental protection in the PRC; and (ii) recommendations for strengthening the policy framework required to increase environmental protection skills, and human resources development within the government departments responsible for environmental protection
During Project Implementation Project stakeholders will continue to be involved during project implementation through undertaking of workshops.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Equipment will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time), and will be handed over to MEP upon completion of the proposed TA. The executing agency shall be responsible for all the procurement. Operational expenses for trainings, workshops, study tours, translation, and printing will be included in the consultant's contract.
Procurement It is estimated that the TA will require 3 person-months of international, and 32 person-months of national consulting services. Five national consultants (an environmental policy and institutional specialist, an environmental human resources specialist, a public administration specialist, an environmental legislation specialist, and an environmental administration human resources specialist); and one international consultant (an environmental policy and/or institutional specialist) will be required for TA implementation. The consultants will be engaged by the MEP through a firm, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) using the quality- and cost-based selection method, with a cost quality weighing ratio of 80:20. The simplified technical proposal approach will be used. The outline terms of reference for consultants are appended to the TA Report, which is under processing. The MEP requested the use of advance contracting procedure for the engagement of TA consultants. The mission advised the MEP that advance contracting is a normal procedure, and that ADB's approval of advance contracting does not necessarily commit ADB to approve the TA or to finance the engagement costs.
Responsible ADB Officer Yoshiaki Kobayashi
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Environmental Protection115 Xizhimen Nanxiaojie, Beijing
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Aug 2011
Fact Finding 01 Sep 2011 to 02 Sep 2011
MRM -
Approval 17 Nov 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2015

TA 7915-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Nov 2011 13 Dec 2011 13 Dec 2011 31 May 2013 31 May 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
450,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 450,000.00 17 Nov 2011 294,373.03

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