China, People's Republic of: Managing the Water Resources of Boyang Lake

Sovereign Project | 45062-001

Summary

The TA will assist Jiangxi government in strengthening water resource management of the Boyang Lake as agreed with the government in the aide memoire of the country programming mission for PRC in December 2010. The objectives of the TA

are to improve Jiangxi provincial government's water resource management strategies, and to develop capacity of managing climate change risks to ensure sustainable management of Boyang Lake. The TA objectives are consistent with those in the country program for 2011 2012 that ADB will support, among others, the government's strategic reposition to protect the ecosystem of Boyang Lake. The TA is in line with ADB's core operational area of environment, and is part of ADB's continuous effort to support the government in protecting its water resources to sustain economic growth, and improving livelihoods in impoverished central provinces.

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Project Name Managing the Water Resources of Boyang Lake
Project Number 45062-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7860-PRC: Managing the Water Resources of Boyang Lake
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 200,000.00
Climate Change Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The TA will assist Jiangxi government in strengthening water resource management of the Boyang Lake as agreed with the government in the aide memoire of the country programming mission for PRC in December 2010. The objectives of the TA

are to improve Jiangxi provincial government's water resource management strategies, and to develop capacity of managing climate change risks to ensure sustainable management of Boyang Lake. The TA objectives are consistent with those in the country program for 2011 2012 that ADB will support, among others, the government's strategic reposition to protect the ecosystem of Boyang Lake. The TA is in line with ADB's core operational area of environment, and is part of ADB's continuous effort to support the government in protecting its water resources to sustain economic growth, and improving livelihoods in impoverished central provinces.

ADB has been supporting the PRC government's efforts in water resources management by providing lending and technical assistance support over the last two decades. Sample projects and TAs include forest ecosystem rehabilitation in Jiangxi province, reducing flood damages and economic losses in Hunan and Yellow River basin, water quality improvement in Hai River estuary and Jiaozhou Bay; policy studies of wastewater and solid waste management in small cities and towns, urban wastewater reuse, urban storm water management and waterlogging disaster prevention; wetland protection in Sanjiang Plain, Gansu Tianshui, Jiangsu Yancheng, and Shaanxi Weinan Luyang Lake. To strengthen the government's capacity in water resources management, ADB has been supporting integrated water resource management strategies in Baiyangdian, Qingdao, Guiyang, and Chao Lake. The experience and knowledge gained from these projects will be reviewed and incorporated in the TA study.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Water availability and water quality have become constraints to economic growth in the People's Republic of China (PRC). The government's no. 1 document of 2011 focuses on water conservancy reform and development, which reiterates the importance of the implementation of the government's Comprehensive National Water Resource Plan issued in December 2010. Boyang Lake is the largest fresh water lake in the PRC. With a watershed area of 162,200 km2 in Jiangxi province, Boyang Lake discharges 145 billion m3 of fresh water to the Yangtze River each year, representing about 15.6% of total runoff. The water quantity and quality of the Boyang Lake affect not only the economic development and livelihoods of Jiangxi province, but also the water safety of the vast downstream region of the Yangtze River. Boyang Lake is also an important habitat for migratory birds, and globally important wetland. A healthy ecosystem of Boyang Lake is critical to global environment and biodiversity. On 12 December 2009, the State Council approved the Ecological Economic Zone Planning for Boyang Lake , which makes it a national strategy, and a priority subject of the 12th Five Year Plan of Jiangxi province, to protect the water resources and ecosystem of the Boyang Lake.

Wastewater discharges from cities and industries to major tributaries and shore lands of the Boyang Lake have caused eutrophication and deterioration of water quality. Also, unusual changes in water levels and water quality of the Boyang Lake have been observed and made water resources management more unpredictable and complicated. The unusual changes of water levels are believed to have resulted from extreme weathers in recent years. Water levels have dropped down to record low during dry seasons, and the areas of the wetlands are shrinking, which have changed vegetation cover, accelerated the growth of blue algae, threatened biodiversity, and deteriorated habitats of migratory birds. Incomplete data of water quality, pollution sources, and their impacts on ecosystem of the Boyang Lake and the lack of proper monitoring stations, skills, and resources have made monitoring and regulation difficult. Management is deficient due to the weak capacity in strategic planning and implementation, the lack of state-of-the-art knowledge of water resources management, and poor coordination among departments of environmental protection, construction, agriculture, and forestry.

Jiangxi is an impoverished province. More than two thirds of the provincial area is hilly and mountainous. The provincial gross domestic product per capita was CNY17,300 in 2009, one-third less than the national average. About 5% of the population still lives below the national rural poverty line of CNY1,196 per year. The protection of the water resources of Boyang Lake will support the economic growth, improve ecosystem, and minimize the harshness of poor people's livelihoods in Jiangxi province, and also safeguard water security of downstream cities of Yangtze River. ADB has been helping Jiangxi government in forest ecosystem rehabilitation and urban infrastructure improvement. The establishment of a water resource management framework and improvement of the provincial government's capacity in water resource management for the Boyang Lake will ensure the sustainability of ADB projects, support the development of the Ecological Economic Zone Planning for Boyang Lake, rehabilitation project for Boyang Lake, and promote economic growth and improve people's livelihoods, especially the poor rural households, in Jiangxi province. The lessons learned and knowledge developed from the TA may be replicated in the management of other lakes in the country, e.g., Chao Lake, Tai Lake, and Dongting Lake.

The TA will focus on following challenges: (i) increasing wastewater discharge into the lake and rivers, (ii) limited water quality monitoring stations resulting in an incomplete water quality monitoring network and database, (iii) climate change risks of water resources management, and (iv) weak institutional framework for water resources management. The TA will assist the Jiangxi provincial government to (i) prepare a strategic framework to improve water resources and ecosystem protection of the Boyang Lake, and mainstream climate change risk management measures in the strategic framework; and (ii) improve institutional capacity in water resources management and climate change risks management.
Impact Improved management of water resources in Jiangxi province.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome An improved strategic framework for water resource management for Boyang Lake
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Strategic policies on water resource and climate change risk management for Boyang Lake

Policies and strategies on urbanization and industrialization in Boyang Lake watershed

Pollution control and water quality management measures for Boyang Lake catchment

Improved knowledge and skills for provincial officials through training in managing lake and watershed and climate change risks

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Approved version of the final report has been submitted to ADB on 8 January 2015 while the Chinese version was submitted on 6 February 2015. Knowledge product was submitted on 27 January 2015. TA financial account closing is nderway.
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During the reconnaissance mission, provincial government officials, local governments of Xinzi County, Yintan City, and Shangrao City, Xinzi waste water treatment plants, and Shangrao Science and Technology Industrial Park were consulted to identify issues of Boyang Lake water resources protection, and topics to be addressed by the TA.
During Project Implementation Stakeholders will continue to participate and be consulted during TA implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA activities will be undertaken by a consulting firm. It is estimated that 57 person-months of consulting services will be required, comprising 17 person-months of international and 40 person-months of national. The consultants will include an international watershed management specialist and team leader, an international climate change specialist, an international environmental economist, a national water resource management specialist, a national social development specialist, a national water pollution control and monitoring specialist, a national land use management specialist, a national geographic information system specialist, and a national institutional development specialist. The consulting firm will be recruited following ADB's Guidelines for the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time), using quality- and cost-based selection criteria, with a quality-cost ratio of 80:20, and simplified technical proposal procedures.
Procurement All procurement under the TA will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Yoshiaki Kobayashi
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Provincial Development and Reform CommissionNo. 69, Beijing West Road,
Nanchang, Jiangxi Province
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Jun 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 02 Sep 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2015

TA 7860-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Sep 2011 05 Oct 2011 05 Oct 2011 30 Apr 2013 31 Dec 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 02 Sep 2011 912,890.03

Safeguard Documents

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