Through continued investment, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has already developed a comprehensive technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system, including a number of excellent schools that are able to adjust themselves to the demands of the market. Many teachers have demonstrated the ability to adopt new skills and competencies to help the country prepare for a growing population of capable students. However, the system faces several challenges in ensuring that TVET services keep up with the pace and scale of economic transformation. One major hurdle is how to increase efficiency and responsiveness of the TVET system. Unlike general education, the TVET subsector involves a wide range of stakeholders who provide policy directions to ensure that the skills demand is met as much as possible. As the PRC's economy continues to grow, the effectiveness of the TVET system will be measured in terms of boosting employability and work competency.
|Project Name||Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Development of Priority Sectors in Shaanxi Province|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||Through continued investment, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has already developed a comprehensive technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system, including a number of excellent schools that are able to adjust themselves to the demands of the market. Many teachers have demonstrated the ability to adopt new skills and competencies to help the country prepare for a growing population of capable students. However, the system faces several challenges in ensuring that TVET services keep up with the pace and scale of economic transformation. One major hurdle is how to increase efficiency and responsiveness of the TVET system. Unlike general education, the TVET subsector involves a wide range of stakeholders who provide policy directions to ensure that the skills demand is met as much as possible. As the PRC's economy continues to grow, the effectiveness of the TVET system will be measured in terms of boosting employability and work competency. To achieve this goal, efforts are being made to strengthen the linkage between the labor market and TVET. Various partnership models between schools and enterprises are starting to emerge across the country. One example is _vocational education groups_ (VEGs), which comprise both TVET schools and industrial associations and enterprises in a particularly specialized field, and provide an institutionalized platform to strengthen the linkage between the supply and demand of skilled labor.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Through the proposed technical assitance (TA), the government requests ADB to conduct an in-depth study on VEGs in Shaanxi's priority sectors, and prepare suggestions for their improvement. The TA will help Shaanxi Provincial Government develop a set of recommendations to improve TVET services through strengthened VEGs to support the development of its four priority sectors: agriculture, energy, manufacturing, and services. The TA will also develop recommendations to improve school-enterprise and school-to-school partnerships to develop a demand-based curriculum and its implementation guidelines based on labor market analysis in selected sectors with support of provincial departments of education and human resources and social security. The results of the TA will be shared with other provinces and autonomous regions in the PRC for knowledge dissemination at the TA final workshop. It is expected that the experience of Shaanxi will have a strong demonstration potential for other inland provinces and autonomous regions that face similar development challenges with the ongoing urbanization in the PRC.|
|Impact||Strengthened labor market linkages for technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in priority sectors in Shaanxi province.|
|Description of Outcome||A comprehensive analysis and recommendations for strengthened school-enterprise partnerships and school-to-school partnerships for TVET development in priority sectors conducted.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||-Comprehensive analysis and recommendations produced and discussed with Shaanxi Provincial Government; and presented at a workshop organized in collaboration with Ministry of Education.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Recommendations for improvement of the vocational education groups prepared on a pilot basis.
Demand-driven curriculum responsive to labor market needs developed.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
-Recommendations developed and discussed with Shaanxi Provincial Government.
-Competency-based curricula for one major in each of the four priority sectors developed.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||The Shaanxi Department of Finance (SDOF) will be the executing agency for the TA, and will be responsible for the overall execution and coordination of TA activities. SDOF has rich experience in implementing international projects including ADB's loans and TAs. The Shaanxi Department of Education (SDOE) will be the implementing agency. Under the guidance of SDOF, SDOE will be responsible for the day-to-day operation of TA implementation. SDOE will work closely with consultants to ensure that TA policy recommendations will be feasible in the development context of Shaanxi Province. Under the supervision and guidance of SDOE, the project implementation office will be established at the Provincial Institute of Education Science, which will provide assistance in implementing TA activities. In addition, SPG will establish an inter-agency project steering committee to provide overall guidance and support to TA implementation. The steering committee will be chaired by a deputy governor of Shaanxi Province. Committee members include SDOF, SDOE, Shaanxi Development and Reform Commission, Shaanxi Department of Human Resources and Social Security, Shaanxi Department of Agriculture, and Shaanxi Commission for Industry and Information Technology.|
|Consulting Services||The technical assistance (TA) will require the services of eight consultants for a total of 35 person-months, consisting of one international consultant for 4 person-months and seven national consultants for 31 person-months, over a period of 12 months during TA implementation. The consultants will perform their tasks in close consultation with the executing, Shaanxi Department of Finance; and the implementing agency, Shaanxi Department of Education, and other responsible provincial and local government departments and agencies to ensure full acceptance of the TA outcome. All consultants should be familiar with Shaanxi Province, including its socioeconomic context. Work experience in the province is preferable. The consulting team will arrange all the necessary translations needed for the TA activities. Key deliverables are (i) inception report, (ii) field survey design and its tools, (iii) midterm review report, (iv) draft final technical report and a policy note, and (v) final technical report and a policy note. The consultants will deliver the TA's outputs and deliverables effectively and on time, and will organize and carry out all TA activities. Consultants will have expertise in (i) vocational education groups; (ii) TVET curriculum development; (iii) agriculture, energy, manufacturing, and service sectors economy; and (iv) labor-related statistics and labor market analysis. National consultants should have the relevant educational background, preferably a graduate degree, and at least 5 years of work experience in their field. The international consultant should have relevant educational qualifications, preferably a graduate degree, and at least 7 years of work experience in his/her field.|
|Procurement||Procurement actions will be followed with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010 as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Maruyama, Asako|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Financial Department of Shaanxi Province
No. 6 Bingjiao Lane, Xi'an
|Concept Clearance||02 Mar 2012|
|Fact Finding||11 Apr 2011 to 15 Apr 2011|
|Approval||20 Jun 2012|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Jun 2012||18 Jul 2012||18 Jul 2012||31 Aug 2013||24 Feb 2014||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||500,000.00||20 Jun 2012||483,937.99|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Development of Priority Sectors in Shaanxi Province||TA Completion Reports||Aug 2014|
|Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Development of Priority Sectors in Shaanxi Province||Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2012|
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