China, People's Republic of: Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Development of Priority Sectors in Shaanxi Province

Sovereign Project | 45069-001

Summary

Through continued investment, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has already developed a comprehensive technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system, including a number of excellent schools that are able to adjust themselves to the demands of the market. Many teachers have demonstrated the ability to adopt new skills and competencies to help the country prepare for a growing population of capable students. However, the system faces several challenges in ensuring that TVET services keep up with the pace and scale of economic transformation. One major hurdle is how to increase efficiency and responsiveness of the TVET system. Unlike general education, the TVET subsector involves a wide range of stakeholders who provide policy directions to ensure that the skills demand is met as much as possible. As the PRC's economy continues to grow, the effectiveness of the TVET system will be measured in terms of boosting employability and work competency.

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Project Name Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Development of Priority Sectors in Shaanxi Province
Project Number 45069-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8092-PRC: Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Development of Priority Sectors in Shaanxi Province
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Education - Technical and vocational education and training
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description Through continued investment, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has already developed a comprehensive technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system, including a number of excellent schools that are able to adjust themselves to the demands of the market. Many teachers have demonstrated the ability to adopt new skills and competencies to help the country prepare for a growing population of capable students. However, the system faces several challenges in ensuring that TVET services keep up with the pace and scale of economic transformation. One major hurdle is how to increase efficiency and responsiveness of the TVET system. Unlike general education, the TVET subsector involves a wide range of stakeholders who provide policy directions to ensure that the skills demand is met as much as possible. As the PRC's economy continues to grow, the effectiveness of the TVET system will be measured in terms of boosting employability and work competency. To achieve this goal, efforts are being made to strengthen the linkage between the labor market and TVET. Various partnership models between schools and enterprises are starting to emerge across the country. One example is vocational education groups (VEGs), which comprise both TVET schools and industrial associations and enterprises in a particularly specialized field, and provide an institutionalized platform to strengthen the linkage between the supply and demand of skilled labor.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Through the proposed technical assitance (TA), the government requests ADB to conduct an in-depth study on VEGs in Shaanxi's priority sectors, and prepare suggestions for their improvement. The TA will help Shaanxi Provincial Government develop a set of recommendations to improve TVET services through strengthened VEGs to support the development of its four priority sectors: agriculture, energy, manufacturing, and services. The TA will also develop recommendations to improve school-enterprise and school-to-school partnerships to develop a demand-based curriculum and its implementation guidelines based on labor market analysis in selected sectors with support of provincial departments of education and human resources and social security. The results of the TA will be shared with other provinces and autonomous regions in the PRC for knowledge dissemination at the TA final workshop. It is expected that the experience of Shaanxi will have a strong demonstration potential for other inland provinces and autonomous regions that face similar development challenges with the ongoing urbanization in the PRC.
Impact Strengthened labor market linkages for technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in priority sectors in Shaanxi province.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome A comprehensive analysis and recommendations for strengthened school-enterprise partnerships and school-to-school partnerships for TVET development in priority sectors conducted.
Progress Toward Outcome -Comprehensive analysis and recommendations produced and discussed with Shaanxi Provincial Government; and presented at a workshop organized in collaboration with Ministry of Education.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Recommendations for improvement of the vocational education groups prepared on a pilot basis.

Demand-driven curriculum responsive to labor market needs developed.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

-Recommendations developed and discussed with Shaanxi Provincial Government.

-Competency-based curricula for one major in each of the four priority sectors developed.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation The Shaanxi Department of Finance (SDOF) will be the executing agency for the TA, and will be responsible for the overall execution and coordination of TA activities. SDOF has rich experience in implementing international projects including ADB's loans and TAs. The Shaanxi Department of Education (SDOE) will be the implementing agency. Under the guidance of SDOF, SDOE will be responsible for the day-to-day operation of TA implementation. SDOE will work closely with consultants to ensure that TA policy recommendations will be feasible in the development context of Shaanxi Province. Under the supervision and guidance of SDOE, the project implementation office will be established at the Provincial Institute of Education Science, which will provide assistance in implementing TA activities. In addition, SPG will establish an inter-agency project steering committee to provide overall guidance and support to TA implementation. The steering committee will be chaired by a deputy governor of Shaanxi Province. Committee members include SDOF, SDOE, Shaanxi Development and Reform Commission, Shaanxi Department of Human Resources and Social Security, Shaanxi Department of Agriculture, and Shaanxi Commission for Industry and Information Technology.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The technical assistance (TA) will require the services of eight consultants for a total of 35 person-months, consisting of one international consultant for 4 person-months and seven national consultants for 31 person-months, over a period of 12 months during TA implementation. The consultants will perform their tasks in close consultation with the executing, Shaanxi Department of Finance; and the implementing agency, Shaanxi Department of Education, and other responsible provincial and local government departments and agencies to ensure full acceptance of the TA outcome. All consultants should be familiar with Shaanxi Province, including its socioeconomic context. Work experience in the province is preferable. The consulting team will arrange all the necessary translations needed for the TA activities. Key deliverables are (i) inception report, (ii) field survey design and its tools, (iii) midterm review report, (iv) draft final technical report and a policy note, and (v) final technical report and a policy note. The consultants will deliver the TA's outputs and deliverables effectively and on time, and will organize and carry out all TA activities. Consultants will have expertise in (i) vocational education groups; (ii) TVET curriculum development; (iii) agriculture, energy, manufacturing, and service sectors economy; and (iv) labor-related statistics and labor market analysis. National consultants should have the relevant educational background, preferably a graduate degree, and at least 5 years of work experience in their field. The international consultant should have relevant educational qualifications, preferably a graduate degree, and at least 7 years of work experience in his/her field.
Procurement Procurement actions will be followed with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010 as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Asako Maruyama
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Shaanxi Department of Finance (SDOF)No.6 Bingjiao Lane, Xi'an,
Shaanxi, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 02 Mar 2012
Fact Finding 11 Apr 2011 to 15 Apr 2011
MRM -
Approval 20 Jun 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Mar 2014

TA 8092-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Jun 2012 18 Jul 2012 18 Jul 2012 31 Aug 2013 24 Feb 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 20 Jun 2012 483,937.99

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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