Regional: Innovations for More Food with Less Water

Sovereign Project | 45072-001

Summary

This regional research and development technical assistance (TA) will support the identification, assessment, and design of new investments for more sustainable, water efficient irrigated agriculture. The TA was prepared in consultation with ADB's South Asia Regional Department, including the Resident Missions. The TA is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2020, which supports sustainable management of natural resources and investments in water systems and other essential public services, particularly those that benefit the poor. The TA responds directly to ADB's Operational Plan for Sustainable Food Security and ADB's Water Operational Plan for 2011-2020, which call for improving the productivity and efficiency of water use through (i) investing in modern irrigation infrastructure; (ii) adopting enabling policies that correctly price the opportunity cost of water; and (iii) strengthening institutions for more efficient and sustainable water management.

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Project Name Innovations for More Food with Less Water
Project Number 45072-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7967-REG: Innovations for More Food with Less Water
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.40 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description This regional research and development technical assistance (TA) will support the identification, assessment, and design of new investments for more sustainable, water efficient irrigated agriculture. The TA was prepared in consultation with ADB's South Asia Regional Department, including the Resident Missions. The TA is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2020, which supports sustainable management of natural resources and investments in water systems and other essential public services, particularly those that benefit the poor. The TA responds directly to ADB's Operational Plan for Sustainable Food Security and ADB's Water Operational Plan for 2011-2020, which call for improving the productivity and efficiency of water use through (i) investing in modern irrigation infrastructure; (ii) adopting enabling policies that correctly price the opportunity cost of water; and (iii) strengthening institutions for more efficient and sustainable water management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy By 2050, the world population will reach 9 billion. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), up to 70% more food will be needed to match the growth of population and the impacts of consumer income growth and urbanization on food demand. This will place tremendous pressure on increasingly scarce land and water resources. In Asia, and most particularly in South and Central Asia, agriculture's ability to produce more will be severely constrained by increasingly scarce renewable fresh water. Much of this region is classified as highly vulnerable to climate change. Presently, 80% of Asia's fresh water is used for agriculture, but this is unlikely to be sustainable given the competing water demands of non-agricultural users and the environment, and the increasing impacts of climate change. By 2030, 40% of developing Asia is projected to face a severe water shortage. Hence, there is a compelling need now to identify and field test innovations that both conserve water and raise agricultural productivity.
Impact A more water-efficient and reliable food supply in participating DMCs by 2020.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Technically, economically, and environmentally sound technologies and associated institutional and policy frameworks ready for upscaling in future operations by ADB and other donors.
Progress Toward Outcome Task 2 proposals maybe picked up for new investments and recommendations under Task 1 will be presented in knowledge products with recommendations applicable to designs of new ADB projects.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Detailed plans for adoption of locally-appropriate innovations in selected irrigation systems of participating DMCs developed

Outreach of identified innovative models combining technologies, enabling policies, and institutional frameworks expanded.

Capacity created to monitor the adoption of new technology and management impacts on water efficiency and crop productivity.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Task 2 consultant's draft final reports propose modernization investments for four medium-major schemes in Bangladesh, India (Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh) and Nepal; and for smaller schemes in Sikkim, India and Bagmati River Basin, Nepal. These include technology, institutional and management proposals specific to the schemes however may be applicable to other schemes in DMCs.

Separate synthesis reports will be prepared by Task 1 and Task 2 consultants with their final country reports.

Final workshops have been carried out in all participating countries. TA findings were presented at the Stockholm World Water Week in September 2014 and a regional workshop was held in Dhaka in October 2014.

Task 2 has provided on-the-job training for government staff in Bangladesh and Nepal on undertaking rapid appraisal assessments (RAPs), participatory rural appraisals (PRAs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), and principals of both structural and institutional irrigation scheme modernization. Similar is also planned for India.

The RAPs, PRAs and FGDs along with remote sensing outputs carried out under Task 2 will provide baseline data. The modernization plans include recommendation of flow measurement, monitoring and use of decision-support systems. These will assist scheme operators to monitor and manage water use.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation Coordination with concerned ministries/departments of water resources and/or irrigation and agriculture in the participating DMCs. Before starting proposed activities within a DMC, receipt of no-objection letters from the governments of Bangladesh, India, and Nepal will be required.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The TA will require an estimated 33 person-months of international consultants and 63.5 person-months of national consultants in the areas of irrigation management, design, and performance benchmarking, groundwater and conjunctive use, irrigation institutions and policy, participatory irrigation management, operation and maintenance, irrigated crop agronomy, and economics

TASK I: SYNTHESIS OF KNOWLEDGE, INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE AND BEST PRACTICES

For Task I, IWMI will individually recruit, in close consultation with ADB, 11 person-months of international and 2.5 person-months of national consultant services in the fields of irrigation policy, technology, management, institutions, groundwater irrigation, and economics.

TASK II: COUNTRY AND PROJECT-SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS AND PILOT INITIATIVES

For Task II, ADB will recruit on individual basis the equivalent of 22 person-months of international consultants and 61 person-months of national consultants. RSDD-AR and South Asia Department will jointly agree on the selection of the experts. Staff of ADB's South Asia Department will supervise the individual consultants at the country-level to ensure timely delivery of quality outputs.

All consultants for Tasks I and II will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). The TA will be implemented over a 2-year period to start in December 2011 and conclude in November 2013.

Procurement Equipment for pilot project development is tentatively estimated to include: one unit each of mini-laser land leveling equipment, micro- and drip irrigation equipment, 5 Laptop computers for field data collection and monitoring, and other miscellaneous costs of pilot project development. This listing may be revised according to the scope and progress of the associated project preparatory activities. Procurement of equipment will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Lance Gore
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Jul 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 08 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Jul 2015

TA 7967-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2011 - 08 Dec 2011 30 Nov 2013 31 May 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 1,400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 1,440,000.00 08 Dec 2011 1,339,227.13

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