Regional: Promoting Innovations in Wastewater Management in Asia and the Pacific

Sovereign Project | 45119-001

Summary

In accordance with the ADB's Water Policy, the TA will support development of wastewater investment projects through knowledge management, examination of technology options, incentives and financing mechanisms, and conduct of knowledge exchange and capacity development activities. The TA proposes to concretize the advocacy into potential business opportunities by undertaking limited pre-feasibility studies to establish financial sustainability and then conducting round tables amongst stakeholders (primarily public sector agencies and private investors) to confirm their interest to invest after full fledged feasibility studies (beyond scope of this proposal). Proven solutions that can be potentially applied to a local situation will be discussed at the roundtable as a sustainable business opportunity for wastewater management. The mutually accepted opportunities will then be further developed as a wastewater investment project with private participation by ADB with other partners.

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Project Name Promoting Innovations in Wastewater Management in Asia and the Pacific
Project Number 45119-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8060-REG: Promoting Innovations in Wastewater Management in Asia and the Pacific
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description In accordance with the ADB's Water Policy, the TA will support development of wastewater investment projects through knowledge management, examination of technology options, incentives and financing mechanisms, and conduct of knowledge exchange and capacity development activities. The TA proposes to concretize the advocacy into potential business opportunities by undertaking limited pre-feasibility studies to establish financial sustainability and then conducting round tables amongst stakeholders (primarily public sector agencies and private investors) to confirm their interest to invest after full fledged feasibility studies (beyond scope of this proposal). Proven solutions that can be potentially applied to a local situation will be discussed at the roundtable as a sustainable business opportunity for wastewater management. The mutually accepted opportunities will then be further developed as a wastewater investment project with private participation by ADB with other partners.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Knowledge drive would develop a compendium of environmental sanitation solutions as a structured database, comprising case studies outlining the sanitation need, technical solution, project/institutional setting, financial viability aspects etc., which would be disseminated through web-based information network. The Technology drive would dive deeper into specific technology datasheets and its applications (proven, under development, under research for future potential) for different treated wastewater output quality required for various end-uses. The Incentives and Financing drive would look at developing business opportunity briefs based on pre-feasibility studies to demonstrate financing viability of sanitation solutions. The Awareness and Advocacy drive would be the key networking and knowledge exchange platform through roundtables bringing all stakeholders (public sector, private investors, technology providers, research organization, users etc.) to discuss and move forward on identified business opportunities. There would be other supporting activities in each of drives as envisaged in the working draft RETA Concept Paper.

As a part of the broader advocacy, DMCs will be engaged in regional and in-country environmental sanitation dialogues and encouraged to make wastewater management a priority agenda and include it in their country partnership strategies, and overall national economic development plans.

Impact Enhanced sustainable investments in environmental sanitation projects.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased awareness and enhanced institutional and professional capacity of DMCs in developing viable and sustainable septage, wastewater, and sludge management and reuse plans and/or projects.
Progress Toward Outcome

Awareness on wastewater and septage management issues and options to address these issues have increased. Specifically, local stakeholders have become more aware that there are many technical and financial options to plan, implement and sustain wastewater/septage management projects. While there is much work to be done to address the constraints, local government officials and service providers have become more conscious of the work that needs to be done to enable more aggressive implementation of projects.

Necessary institutional reforms have been identified and difficulties in implementing such is acknowledged.

Whole life-cycle planning is introduced, which gives appropriate importance to capex, opex including sludge management. This is in contrast with the usual planning which puts much bias on capex as a decision tool.

Reuse and other resource recovery options such as waste-to-energy management is discussed and considered.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Component 1: Knowledge drive will involve building up knowledge on environmental sanitation solutions. The outputs include: (i) structured database of models and case studies outlining the sanitation need, technical solution options, institutional setting, financial viability aspects and application areas; and a (ii) virtual knowledge center: web-based information system and network for easy access to the case studies, working models, technology and financing options, and investment and business opportunities.

Component 2: Technology drive will focus on cost effectiveness and appropriateness. There is a mosaic of

treatment options conventional/proven, innovative, emerging, under development, and potential for R&D. Installations in new cities and retrofits of older systems can be designed around the cascading, modular system. Sewage can be harvested for energy and/or nutrients, and/or cleaned enough for agricultural, industrial or environmental use, thereby augmenting water supplies. The outputs under the technology drive will include: (i) inventory of technologies classified by treatment and reuse/recycle technology type; (ii) information briefs on technology applications for different levels of treatment and standards required for various end-uses.

Component 3: Incentives and Financing drive will incorporate affordable financing mechanism to fast-track

wastewater investment projects, and encourage extraction of resources from wastewater (when wastewater is seen as a resource with potential revenues, the incentive package changes). This will involve: (i) development and dissemination of business and investment opportunity briefs based on pre-feasibility studies demonstrating financial viability of sanitation solution options; and (ii) delivery and financing mechanism options (including public-private partnerships), and design of project financing with incentives (wastewater revolving fund, wastewater bonds, output-based aid, Clean Development Mechanism/carbon credits; guarantee mechanism; affordable lending terms; etc.).

Component 4: Awareness and Advocacy drive will comprise aggressive knowledge and advocacy product development and dissemination on the technology and financing options, health and environmental impacts, energy costs, and benefits of various models of wastewater management among policy-makers, planners, investors, and beneficiary communities; and influencing the acceptance of a mosaic of options or a range of possibilities, among decision-makers. This will involve: (i) networking and knowledge exchange platform through: roundtables with investors, operating companies, service providers, research institutes, technology developers, and end-users; sub-regional and in-country conferences; and support to private sector capacity development to trigger the use of technology and financing options, and move forward on the identified business/investment opportunities; (ii) advocacy product development and dissemination, e.g., policy briefs, multimedia, articles, brochures, etc.; and (iii) knowledge product development and dissemination, e.g., toolkits on range of technology options and financing arrangements; and training and instructive materials.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Component 1: Completed a virtual knowledge center: www.wastewaterinfo.asia

Completed 3 case studies and 86 project briefs that are showcased in the website.

Component 2: Completed technology compendium/database

Completed 86 technology data sheets (TDS), preparing 25 more

Component 3: Developing financial policy briefs

Completed 1 out of 3 case studies and 18 out of 86 project briefs focused on delivery and financing options

Developing pre-FS for Colombo, SRI

Ongoing identification of business opportunities in target countries

Component 4: Completed 1 multimedia video (total = 4)

Conducted 5 in-country workshops and 1 sub-regional conference

Completed 3 case studies (total = 11)

Completed 86 technology data sheets (total = 111)

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation Regional consultation workshops will be held which will be participated in by various regional and national stakeholders and agencies.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Approximately 23 person-months of international consultancy and 142 person-months of national consultancy will be needed to implement the activities of the TA. The major areas of expertise required are expected to include the technical, economic, financial, policy, institutional, social, environmental, information technology and multi-media disciplines related to wastewater investments, technology and financing options, knowledge management, advocacy and capacity development.
Responsible ADB Officer Alan Baird
Responsible ADB Department SDCC
Responsible ADB Division SDAS
Executing Agencies
ADB POHQRegional
Timetable
Concept Clearance 27 Jan 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 15 Mar 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Oct 2014

TA 8060-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Mar 2012 - 15 Mar 2012 28 Feb 2016 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 15 Mar 2012 715,283.93

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The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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Outputs and Activities

In Asia and the Pacific region, almost 2 billion people still do not have access to decent toilets. 780 million people are still practicing open defecation, and around 80% of wastewater in developing countries is discharged untreated. US$71 billion in investments is needed to improve sanitation in the region.

ADB regional technical assistance 8060, Promoting Innovations in Wastewater Management in Asia and the Pacific, aims to help key cities in the Asia-Pacific region increase awareness and interest in wastewater issues and solution options. Under this technical assistance, innovative and cost-effective solutions will be identified as potential investments in wastewater, septage and sludge management.

Wastewaterinfo.asia

Wastewaterinfo.asia is an online resource providing documents and data produced under the technical assistance on technologies, financing and delivery mechanisms, institutional arrangements, and good practices and approaches that can be adopted for their wastewater and septage management. It is also a platform for sharing knowledge and ideas for collective learning among sanitation experts and practitioners.

Visit wastewaterinfo.asia.