|Progress Toward Outcome
Awareness on wastewater and septage management issues and options to address these issues have increased. Specifically, local stakeholders have become more aware that there are many technical and financial options to plan, implement and sustain wastewater/septage management projects. While there is much work to be done to address the constraints, local government officials and service providers have become more conscious of the work that needs to be done to enable more aggressive implementation of projects.
Necessary institutional reforms have been identified and difficulties in implementing such is acknowledged.
Whole life-cycle planning is introduced, which gives appropriate importance to capex, opex including sludge management. This is in contrast with the usual planning which puts much bias on capex as a decision tool.
Reuse and other resource recovery options such as waste-to-energy management is discussed and considered.
|Description of Project Outputs
Component 1: Knowledge drive will involve building up knowledge on environmental sanitation solutions. The outputs include: (i) structured database of models and case studies outlining the sanitation need, technical solution options, institutional setting, financial viability aspects and application areas; and a (ii) virtual knowledge center: web-based information system and network for easy access to the case studies, working models, technology and financing options, and investment and business opportunities.
Component 2: Technology drive will focus on cost effectiveness and appropriateness. There is a mosaic of
treatment options conventional/proven, innovative, emerging, under development, and potential for R&D. Installations in new cities and retrofits of older systems can be designed around the cascading, modular system. Sewage can be harvested for energy and/or nutrients, and/or cleaned enough for agricultural, industrial or environmental use, thereby augmenting water supplies. The outputs under the technology drive will include: (i) inventory of technologies classified by treatment and reuse/recycle technology type; (ii) information briefs on technology applications for different levels of treatment and standards required for various end-uses.
Component 3: Incentives and Financing drive will incorporate affordable financing mechanism to fast-track
wastewater investment projects, and encourage extraction of resources from wastewater (when wastewater is seen as a resource with potential revenues, the incentive package changes). This will involve: (i) development and dissemination of business and investment opportunity briefs based on pre-feasibility studies demonstrating financial viability of sanitation solution options; and (ii) delivery and financing mechanism options (including public-private partnerships), and design of project financing with incentives (wastewater revolving fund, wastewater bonds, output-based aid, Clean Development Mechanism/carbon credits; guarantee mechanism; affordable lending terms; etc.).
Component 4: Awareness and Advocacy drive will comprise aggressive knowledge and advocacy product development and dissemination on the technology and financing options, health and environmental impacts, energy costs, and benefits of various models of wastewater management among policy-makers, planners, investors, and beneficiary communities; and influencing the acceptance of a mosaic of options or a range of possibilities, among decision-makers. This will involve: (i) networking and knowledge exchange platform through: roundtables with investors, operating companies, service providers, research institutes, technology developers, and end-users; sub-regional and in-country conferences; and support to private sector capacity development to trigger the use of technology and financing options, and move forward on the identified business/investment opportunities; (ii) advocacy product development and dissemination, e.g., policy briefs, multimedia, articles, brochures, etc.; and (iii) knowledge product development and dissemination, e.g., toolkits on range of technology options and financing arrangements; and training and instructive materials.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Component 1: Completed a virtual knowledge center: www.wastewaterinfo.asia
Completed 3 case studies and 86 project briefs that are showcased in the website.
Component 2: Completed technology compendium/database
Completed 86 technology data sheets (TDS), preparing 25 more
Component 3: Developing financial policy briefs
Completed 1 out of 3 case studies and 18 out of 86 project briefs focused on delivery and financing options
Developing pre-FS for Colombo, SRI
Ongoing identification of business opportunities in target countries
Component 4: Completed 1 multimedia video (total = 4)
Conducted 5 in-country workshops and 1 sub-regional conference
Completed 3 case studies (total = 11)
Completed 86 technology data sheets (total = 111)