45127-001: Enhancing Access to Quality Early Childhood Education Services for Children in Poor Communities (formerly Early Childhood Development Project)

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government of the Philippines has embarked on a comprehensive reform of its education sector to extend the basic education cycle from 10 to 12 years. Department of Education (DepEd) committed to expanding access to kindergarten programs, which will now be formally recognized as the first year of the basic education system with the move towards a new "K to 12" system. The new "K to 12" system aims to universalize preschool and extend basic education through grade 12, to align with 12-year systems to match the global standards. Transformation of the Philippines basic education system through the new K to 12 including universal access to preschool will be is a complex and massive undertaking for the government requiring significant investment. Due to a tight fiscal position, the Philippines has suffered from consistent under provision of basic infrastructure and essential public services, such as education, health and social protection. Low and insufficient public spending on education has resulted in insufficient and unequal access to opportunities as well as skills deficiencies. The Philippines is lagging on all four education MDG indicators and appears unlikely to reach any of its MDG targets for education by 2015. Net enrolment rates in primary education have been stagnant in recent years (84.6% in 1990 and 85.1%in 2008). Primary completion rate has shown minimal improvement from 64.2% in 1990 to 73.3% in 2008 with 1 in 4 children not able to complete the six years of compulsory elementary education. Educational outcomes of poor children in the Philippines are undercut partly by limited availability of pre-school which hampers childrens readiness for schooling. Global evidences have shown that good quality early childhood education programs for disadvantaged children along with nutritional supplements have demonstrated long-lasting and highly cost-effective results on school retention rates, intellectual ability and performance and long term earnings and welfare. The Project will directly contribute to progress towards achievement of the MDG targets on education, and will also support the development goals of the Philippine Education for All 2015 Plan, which emphasizes universal primary education. The project goals are consistent with the ADB's Strategy 2020, which identifies education as one of the five core areas of operation and calls for developing innovative partnerships with the private sector. The Country Assistance Program Evaluation (2008) for the Philippines concluded that ADB's engagement in education should be a priority, and ADB's draft Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2011-2016 identifies education as a core sector and also foresees expanded support for social protection particularly for children. The draft CPS supports the Government's strategy to achieve inclusive growth by providing equal access to development opportunities by investing in human capital as prioritized in the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016.


Enhanced access to quality early childhood education services for improved learning outcomes among children in targeted poor communities

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

A sustainable multi-stakeholder partnership model established for expansion of pre-school and early primary education

Progress Towards Outcome

The outputs to be completed are gearing towards the achievement of the project outcome.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

(i) Expanded access to safe and child-friendly pre-school learning environments (ii) Improved capacity in teaching and school leadership (iii) Sustainable partnerships with communities and civil society in support of pre-school and early primary education established (iv) Project monitoring and impact evaluation conducted

Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress

The Project provides for the construction of 45 units of 2-classrooms school buildings to be funded by JFPR. The 45 units were grouped into 8 cluster/package. 7 clusters/packages (consisting of 38 school buildings) in Bicol, Negros Oriental/Occidental were already completed with furniture and books, turned-over and operational. Construction of the remaining cluster (7 school buildings are undergoing construction. Training Module 1 and 2 for teachers were conducted. Module 3 is currently being conducted (Q1 2014). Baseline survey completed but continue to gather information for the impact evaluation study. 6 months feeding program will commence in June 2014, during the start of the school year 2014-2015.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
The concept of the proposed project was discussed with concerned government partners (DepEd, DOH and DSWD), and key development partners (UNICEF, JICA), and local NGOs and communities to be targeted by the Project are taken place during the fact-finding mission.

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

Project Data Sheets (PDS)


Concept Clearance
30 Mar 2012

02 Jul 2011 to 04 Jul 2011

Management Review Meeting
30 Mar 2012

20 Feb 2012