The implementation of this TA is now complete, and the TA is anticipated to be closed by 31 October 2014.
The final report presented the findings of the TA in relation to the intended outputs and proposed suboutputs of the TA. A detailed analysis of two case studies on eco-compensations mechanisms in Xiaolongshan (forests) and Tianzhu (grasslands) have also been completed. Recommendations were put forward on strengthening the legal and policy framework for forests and grassland eco-compensation in Gansu. The review of international experiences relevant to forest and grassland PES was conducted and presented in the final report. The detailed thematic reports of the relevant TA consultants were presented separately as supplementary reports. The key findings and recommendations of the TA are presented in the executive summary of the final report. With regards to the overall outcome of the TA, the mission and the EA agreed that the TA has significantly contributed to the improvement of the eco-compensation policy framework in Gansu.
Output 1: Eco-compensation approaches for forests and grasslands.
-An assessment of the state of forest eco-compensation in Gansu was analyzed in the forest supplementary thematic report and presented.
-Assessment methodologies for forest ecosystem services were included in detail in the forest supplementary thematic report, whilst a literature review was conducted on assessment methodologies for grassland ecosystem services.
-Economic values for targeted forest ecosystem services were presented in detail whilst eco-compensation approaches for grasslands are discussed in the draft final report.
-Detailed recommendations on eco-compensation approaches and rates for forests and grasslands (in relation to Xiolongshan and Tianzhu) are presented and discussed, and the need to be dynamic and adaptive to the changing environment is highlighted.
Output 2: Recommendations for mainstreaming eco-compensation into relevant legislation
- The international review of legal, institutional, and policy frameworks supporting forest- and grassland-related PES/eco-compensation was completed.
- A comprehensive review and analysis of legislations and policies related to forest and grassland eco-compensation both at national and Gansu provincial level has been completed and included in the interim report.
- Detailed recommendations on enhancing the legal and institutional policy framework for forests and grasslands have been prepared.
- Recommendations for revising the Regulations for the Protection of the Qilian Mountain National Nature Reserve have been completed, including recommendations for including eco-compensation mechanisms.
-The draft policy brief has been prepared and dicussed during the final workshop, revised, and circulated to the government and ADB.
Output 3 Enhanced institutional capacity on eco-compensation of forests and grasslands.
-Capacity building workshops for key provincial agencies were integrated into the inception, interim, and final workshops. TA findings and recommendations were presented and discussed in detail with targeted stakeholders. In addition, a grassroot-level training workshop was conducted in Xiaolongshan targeting 400 participants including local students, farmers, and forestry bureau staff. Information booklets on eco-compensation were disseminated at this workshop.
-14 representatives from 5 provincial agencies participated in two inter-provincial study tours to Shandong and Xinjiang to learn about grassland and forest eco-compensation practices in these provinces. The final study tour to the Tibetan Autonomous Region was held during 26Aug-3Sep 2014. The proposed international study tour was replaced with domestic study tours due to change in provincial government policies relating to international travel.