Mongolia: Establishment of Climate-Resilient Rural Livelihoods

Sovereign Project | 45145-001

Summary

ADB has been assisting in agriculture, natural resources management, and rural development of Mongolia since 1996. This proposed assistance will help herders, the most vulnerable group affected by the climate change to (i) strengthen their preparedness for recurrent dzud, and (ii) rehabilitate and/or improve their livelihoods. Lessons learned from the ongoing JFPR 9124-MON, which are relevant to the proposed assistance, will be incorporated in the design, implementation arrangements, and implementation schedule of the proposed project.

The proposed project will target livelihood improvement of herders, who are largely poor and vulnerable, by ensuring sustainable pasture management, which accounts for about 72.3% of the national land area. It will support the objectives of the National Mongolian Livestock Program 2010 2015, which aims at developing a livestock sector that is resilient to climate change, conductive to social development, and economically viable.

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Project Name Establishment of Climate-Resilient Rural Livelihoods
Project Number 45145-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9164-MON: Establishment of Climate Resilient Rural Livelihoods
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture and Natural Resources - Land-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

ADB has been assisting in agriculture, natural resources management, and rural development of Mongolia since 1996. This proposed assistance will help herders, the most vulnerable group affected by the climate change to (i) strengthen their preparedness for recurrent dzud, and (ii) rehabilitate and/or improve their livelihoods. Lessons learned from the ongoing JFPR 9124-MON, which are relevant to the proposed assistance, will be incorporated in the design, implementation arrangements, and implementation schedule of the proposed project.

The proposed project will target livelihood improvement of herders, who are largely poor and vulnerable, by ensuring sustainable pasture management, which accounts for about 72.3% of the national land area. It will support the objectives of the National Mongolian Livestock Program 2010 2015, which aims at developing a livestock sector that is resilient to climate change, conductive to social development, and economically viable.

The proposed assistance will promote a holistic approach to sustainable herding and livelihood diversification in candidate project soums, namely, Buutsagaan, Khureemarel, and Dzag in Bayanhongor Aimag. For both activities, smooth formation of HGOs is crucial. Sustainable herding will comprise collective pasture management, water point management, hay preparation, and management of herd sizes through effective marketing. The proposed assistance will also provide HGOs with opportunities for value-added activities, and other income-generating activities to help them diversify their income sources. Income diversification is considered as a means of climate change adaptation by lessening their reliance on the weather-sensitive herding. Adjacent soums are preferred for smooth coordination among soums for pasture management, and thorough monitoring by the project management unit (PMU).

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The proposed JFPR assistance will target livelihood improvement of herders, who are largely poor and vulnerable, by ensuring sustainable pasture management, which accounts for about 72.3% of the national land area. The proposed country partnership strategy for Mongolia 2011 2015 (CPS) continuously positions poverty reduction as a thrust of ADB's assistance to Mongolia. In particular, the CPS acknowledges that herder households, female-headed households, and urban migrants are the major contributors to the high poverty incidence, which has resulted in the widening inequality between urban and rural populations. The CPS also specifies environmental sustainability as one of the five thematic drivers of the development challenge, and stipulates the ADB's assistance in climate change adaptation and sustainable management of natural resources including pasture. This project is designed to fully support the objectives of the National Mongolian Livestock Program 2010 2015, which aims at developing a livestock sector that is resilient to climate change, conductive to social development, and economically viable. The proposed assistance will promote a holistic approach to sustainable herding and livelihood diversification in candidate project soums, namely, Buutsagaan, Khureemarel, and Dzag in Bayanhongor Aimag. For both activities, smooth formation of HGOs is crucial. Sustainable herding will comprise collective pasture management, water point management, hay preparation, and management of herd sizes through effective marketing. The proposed assistance will also provide HGOs with opportunities for value-added activities, and other income-generating activities to help them diversify their income sources. Income diversification is considered as a means of climate change adaptation by lessening their reliance on the weather-sensitive herding. Adjacent soums are preferred for smooth coordination among soums for pasture management, and thorough monitoring by the project management unit.
Impact Sustainable rural livelihoods in Buutsagaan, Dzag, and Khureemaral soums (project soums) in Bayanhongor aimag.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved climate-resilience of livestock husbandry sector in project soums.
Progress Toward Outcome 87.3% of pasture (1,089,400 hectares) of the project's three soums are under herder group management, exceeding the performance target. 54.9% of herder households (740 HHs) of the project three soums prepared hay and fodder for their livestock in 2013, and the project is on track to reach the target of 70% engaged in this endeavor.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Herders in project soums improve their capacity for sustainable herding.

Water points are established and/or rehabilitated and properly managed.

Herders in project soums diversify income generation.

Effective project management and monitoring.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Livestock shelters: 82 proposals of herder groups to refurbish low quality livestock winter shelters were co-funded. Of these 30 shelters were completed and 52 shelters were 50% built as of June 2014.

768 persons were trained in 5 trainings on livestock quality improvement and 3 brochures were re-published.

Fodder Production: 42 HG proposals to fence natural hay areas or grow fodder crops were co-funded and completed. Bayan Zadgain Gol herder cooperative is building a 50-ton-capacity hay and fodder storage house with ADB co-funding. 15 hay cutters were provided to 13 HGs. Manual seeders of fodder crops were provided to 8 HGs.40 HGs and 3 HCs were provided with seeds of perennial crops and nitrogen fertilizer. 467 persons were trained in 2 trainings and 7 manuals /brochures were re-published.

Herder group organization: 816 member HHs formed 59 HGs (60.5% of total HHs of the project three soums). 537 individual members established 9 HCs (19.2% of all herders of the 3 soums). 1738 persons were trained in 9 trainings/study tours and 3 manuals/brochures were re-published

Pasture use agreements: 14 HGs from Khureemaral soum and 16 HGs from Dzag soum established pasture use agreement with their respective Soum Governors.Pasture use plans of 49 herder groups were prepared and accepted by the Bagh and Soum General Assembly. 50 HGs of 3 soums were supported with pasture release signboards and bird stands for 38,599 ha of pasture. 1443 persons were trained in 9 trainings/consultations and 4 manuals/brochures were re-published.

Pasture management plans: Pasture use plans and draft maps of 11 baghs of 3 soums were prepared and incorporated in the soum annual land use plans. All 11 plans were accepted at bagh and soum levels.Data of 2100 points of livestock shelters and water points were put into GIS database. Desktop computers with ArcGIS10.0 software were provided to 3 soum land offices. 113 persons were trained in 4 GIS/ArcView trainings.

Well construction and rehabilitation: 31 wells were newly established /rehabilitated and accepted by the Aimag Working Group for Well Take-over in 2013. Tender to construct/rehabilitate 12 deep engineering wells in 2014 was awarded to Montegeo LLC and rehabilitation of 4 wells and drilling of 3 wells have been finished in addition to construction of 1 new deep engineering well that was postponed from 2013. Equipment for construction of 27 shallow wells was provided to 23 HGs. 201 persons were trained in 4 trainings and 7 manuals/posters/brochures were re-published.

Water use agreements: 27 HGs using new wells constructed/rehabilitated in 3 soums n 2013 signed water use agreements with their respective Soum Governors. Training on the use of new/rehabilitated wells covered 49 well operators of 2 soums.

Business proposals 6 HCs were funded with MNT116,718,400. 8 HCs have developed cooperative development plans for 2013-2015. 16 trainings were organized for 764 persons and 2 manuals were re-published. 19 full-time (17 female) and 10 part-time (5 female) work positions have been created in alternative economic endeavors, such as bakeries and shoe-making. Progress in this output is weak, and efforts are being undertaken to scale up activities.

The project has prepared all required progress and financial reports. The mid-term review was just conducted. A minor modification will be made to help the project reach goals for alternative livelihoods.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Environmental assessment report was prepared. The Environmental Specialist, as part of the mid-term review, did a field site visit and reviewed project documents for compliance with environmental safeguards. The project is in compliance.
Involuntary Resettlement No land acquisition or resettlement will be necessary. Measures for avoiding possible restrictions on access to winter/sprint pasture land for the purpose of sustainable pasture management wil be incorporated as part of the project design.
Indigenous Peoples According to preminary finding in Bayanhongor, project aimag, no groups are present that qualify as IP under ADB's SPS. The project soums in Bayanhongor is composed almost exclusively of Khalkh. This will be further verfied during the project preparation.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with those stakeholders will be ensured throughout project processing and implementation. The project is designed to cover all herders of project soums primarily for the effective soum-wide pasture management.
During Project Implementation Active participation of local stakeholders (i.e., herders and local governments) will be a key to the project success as field project activities will be implemented for and by them. To reach out to the large number of herders (over 1,500 herder households), project concept dissemination workshops will be held for herders and local government officials at aimag, soum, and bugh (township) levels, as needed, at the inception stage of the project.
Responsible ADB Officer Takeshi Ueda
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Industry and AgricultureUlaanbaatar
Mongolia
Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light IndustryPeace Avenue, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Jul 2011
Fact Finding 03 Jun 2011 to 07 Jun 2011
MRM -
Approval 08 Jun 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2015

Grant 9164-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Jun 2012 13 Jun 2012 13 Jun 2012 13 Dec 2016 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.86 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 08 Jun 2012 0.00 2.22 89%
Counterpart 0.36 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.50 08 Jun 2012 0.00 2.28 91%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - -

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Establishment of Climate-Resilient Rural Livelihoods Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2011

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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