||Secondary Cities Development Project
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Loan 3044-VIE: Secondary Cities Development Project|
|Asian Development Fund
||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector
- Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services
- Urban flood protection
- Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
- Urban solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Effective gender mainstreaming
||The Secondar Cities Development Project in Ha Tiinh, Tam Ky and Buon Ma Thuot, focusses on flood risk reduction, urban environment improvement and provides project management and capacity building support. The sub-project selection criteria includes economic planning and development, social cohesion and equity, climate resilience, environmental sustainability and good governance. Land demand and design standards are accorded high priority. High consideration was provided to the protection of communities from floods and natural disaster risks, therefore completion of flood control and drainage works from the Central Regions Urban Environment Improvement Project (CRUEIP) where there were gaps in essential flood protection work in Ha Tinh and Tam Ky was given highest priority. The sub-projects include in : (i) Buon Ma Thuot - solid waste management and urban connectivity through upgrading of strategic roads; (ii) Ha Tinh - completion of drainage channels, regulating basins, lake improvement, and upgrading of access roads; (iii) Tam Ky - completion of flood dyke and strategic roads construction.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||Developing the secondary cities of Viet Nam is vital to addressing spatial and economic disparities which can constrain the country's sustained economic growth. The selected Project cities of Tam Ky (Quang Nam Province in the South Central Coast region), Ha Tinh (Ha Tinh Province in the North Central Coast region), and Buon Ma Thuot (Dak Lak Province in the Central Highlands region) are broadly typical of Viet Nam's secondary cities. They have a population of from 90,000 to 350,000 and are the principal urban centers in their respective provinces. They are recognized as fast urbanizing areas with high development potential which can be hampered by weak infrastructure and urban services. Tam Ky and Ha Tinh which are both coastal cities are particularly at risk from climate change and suffer from recurrent flooding. Improvement of basic urban infrastructure and climate change adaptation and strengthening local capacity for urban and environmental planning and management in these cities are essential steps to developing Tam Ky, Han Tinh, and Buon Ma Thuot as sustainable, livable and economically vibrant growth centers in their regions.
||Improved urban environment and climate resilient infrastructure in Buon Ma Thuot in the central highland region and in the coastal cities of Ha Tinh and Tam Ky
|Description of Outcome
||Increased coverage of resilient urban infrastructure and climate change adaptation in the participating cities
|Progress Toward Outcome
||bidding documents being prepared for bidding of works and goods as per project design
|Description of Project Outputs
1. New and improved urban infrastructure and climate change adaptation
2. Increased community awareness for sustainable environmental management through IEC
3. Improved competencies in integrated urban development, environmental planning, climate change adaptation, and project management
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
||Detail design was completed by December 2014. Bidding documents being prepared for bidding of works and goods as per project design
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
||The project is classified as category B for environment under ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement, 2009 (SPS). Initial environmental examinations (IEEs) pertaining to the subprojects were conducted for all the cities as part of feasibility studies in accordance with the ADB s SPS and the environment regulations of the government. The subprojects will improve environment quality in urban areas, not cause irreversible adverse environment impacts. Mitigation measures for identified impacts are included in the environment management plans (EMPs). Initial costs for developing and implementing the EMPs have been estimated and integrated in the project. EMPs will be updated and finalized at the detailed design stage. The final EMPs, cleared by ADB, will form part of the contract bidding documents to ensure the engagement of an environment-responsible contractor. Environmental considerations during design and allocation of sufficient budget for operation and maintenance will help mitigate potential adverse impacts during operation. Environmental monitoring at all stages of implementation will be ensured.
||The safeguard category for involuntary resettlement is A . Three resettlement plans have been prepared for the subprojects which will trigger land acquisition and resettlement (LAR) impacts one each for Tam Ky, Buon Ma Thuot, and Ha Tinh. A total area of 118 hectares will be acquired and 2,417 households (10,737 affected persons) will be affected by the three subprojects. There are 452 households (2,104 affected persons) who will have significant impacts with loss of more than 10% of their productive land and a total of 116 household (533 affected persons) requiring relocation. All other impacts are partial and temporary. The cost is estimated to be $18.38 million, which includes base costs, allowances, and management fee. An additional cost of $2.6 million includes contingencies and income restoration program. Project information has been disclosed to affected persons throughout the Project preparation and a Project information booklet was distributed in February 2013. It will be updated and distributed during detailed measurement survey (DMS). Implementation of the resettlement plans will be ensured by a designated social development officer in each PMU. The roles and responsibilities are detailed in the respective resettlement plans.
||The safeguard category for indigenous peoples is C . No ethnic minority household is affected in Tam Ky and Ha Tinh subprojects. In Buon Ma Thuot, 16.4% of the population belongs to an ethnic minority group (mainly Ede) and 42 households (223 affected persons) of that group will be affected by loss of agriculture land (18 households affected by urban roads components and 24 households affected by the landfill site in rural area). It is an ancient community in that area for several generations. In the landfill site, Ede households is living in two separate hamlets. However, the surveys undertaken assessed that they are well integrated with the Kinh majority. All the 42 households are owner of their agriculture land or are considered as legalizable. The 42 Ede affected households have the same source and level of income as Kinh and do not require any relocation. The mitigation for land acquisition related impacts for 42 affected households is included in the Buon Ma Thuot resettlement plan including income restoration. Hence there was no requirement for preparation of a separate indigenous people s plan.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design
||Stakehholder consultations with communities in close coordination with the PMUs have formed the premise of subproject selection and prioritization. The primary sub-project selection criteria includes economic planning and development, social cohesion and equity, climate resilience and adaptation, environmental sustainability and good governance. Based on this, high consideration was provided to the protection of communities from floods and natural disaster risks, therefore completion of flood control and drainage works from the CRUEIP where there were gaps in essential flood protection work in Ha Tinh and Tam Ky was given highest priority. These were underscored by stakeholder views and inputs obtained through extensive city level discussions with PMUs, EAs and community representatives including the Women's Unions. This included one day seminars in each of the three cities in which stakeholders expressed their views on sub-project selection. Technical options and associated costs for sub-project packages for each city were developed and discussed at various city level workshops and wrap meetings held with each city. Oucomes will be integrated in the Final report and summarized and integrated in the environment and social safeguard documents and stakeholder communication strategy
|During Project Implementation
||Stakeholder involvement will continue during project implementation as informed by the stakeholder communication strategy and the community particiaption plan which is under preparation. A grievance redress mechanism under prepearation will also be institutionalized in the project implementation mechanism to be implemented by the PMUs.