Viet Nam: Sustainable Urban Transport for Ho Chi Minh City MRT Line 2 Project

Sovereign Project | 45200-001

Summary

The Project will develop an integrated public transport system in six districts of Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) that will support effective utilization of HCMC Urban Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Line 2 . Improved public transport will facilitate connectivity and greatly enhance access to transport services in five districts of HCMC, as well as support the HCMC Urban Transport Master Plan (HUTMP) objective of increasing public transport usage to over 40% of demand and reducing dependency on private vehicles. The Project will support HCMC's climate change mitigation efforts in adopting a low carbon transport growth path, which is more energy efficient and lowers GHG emissions.

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Project Name Sustainable Urban Transport for Ho Chi Minh City MRT Line 2 Project
Project Number 45200-001
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7892-VIE: Sustainable Urban Transport for Ho Chi Minh City MRT Line 2 Project
ADB Clean Technology Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Transport - Urban public transport
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The Project will develop an integrated public transport system in six districts of Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) that will support effective utilization of HCMC Urban Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) Line 2 . Improved public transport will facilitate connectivity and greatly enhance access to transport services in five districts of HCMC, as well as support the HCMC Urban Transport Master Plan (HUTMP) objective of increasing public transport usage to over 40% of demand and reducing dependency on private vehicles. The Project will support HCMC's climate change mitigation efforts in adopting a low carbon transport growth path, which is more energy efficient and lowers GHG emissions.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government of Viet Nam is planning major public transport infrastructure investments intended to induce a substantive modal shift from private transport to public transport modes. Currently three MRT lines are being prepared in HCMC and four lines are being prepared in Ha Noi, with all expecting to be operating by 2020.

HCMC is moving into the higher growth period of transport urbanization, shifting increasingly from heavy usage of motorcycles to cars. Private vehicles dominate urban transportation, with motorcycles being the most prevalent means at about 85% share. High private vehicle usage has resulted in severe congestion; with many major routes have travel speeds below 10 kilometers per hour and poor road safety. The situation is worsening, with transport growth around 10% and more motorbike owners convert to cars. The existing public transport system consists of a badly integrated bus network that cannot compete with private transport modes, which is expected to be improved to some extent by 2017 under a proposed World Bank loan. Traffic planning and management is weak and inadequate to effectively control traffic and discourages public transport. Importantly, there are no policy and regulatory measures to reduce private transport modes nor is there an attractive public transport system that can attract people using private vehicles.

The Project will provide infrastructure for improving accessibility to MRT2 stations, implement feeder bus links, integrated multi-modal stations with "park and ride" facilities where appropriate, infrastructure for improving accessibility to MRT2 stations as well as a parking plan for the city. Project management and institutional capacity building measures, together with expected policy and regulatory reforms, will also help achieve an improved public transport system and reduce GHG emissions. The project components, public transport services and other facilities will be designed to incorporate gender sensitive features that will compliment similar measures under the MRT2 project. In addition, any policy and regulatory measures developed will be fully inclusive.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Ho Chi Minh City
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design City Authorities and the MRT implementation authority were closely involved in the project design preparation.
During Project Implementation During implementation of the resettlement plan, individual and group consultations will be undertaken with affected people across a range of sites in urban areas. A participatory approach will be used to determine the location and design of some project features, such as station entrance location, underpasses and footbridges for local communities.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services 23 person months of international and 61 person months of domestic consultants will be engaged
Responsible ADB Officer Robert Valkovic
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ho Chi Minh City People's CommitteeNo. 1 Cuong Truong, Quoc te, District 3
Ho Chi Minh City
Viet Nam
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 18 Oct 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2013

TA 7892-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Oct 2011 28 Jun 2012 28 Jun 2012 30 Nov 2012 31 Oct 2014 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 1,000,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,100,000.00 18 Oct 2011 974,183.92

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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