Timor-Leste: Strengthening Water Sector Management and Service Delivery

Sovereign Project | 45227-001

Summary

ADB-funded projects in Timor-Leste have validated the need to improve operations and maintenance (O&M) of water systems and to increase institutional capacity to manage urban water supply systems. These needs are vital to adequate service delivery, which cannot be compensated for through infrastructure investment alone. A different operational mode with an effective O&M strategy is required for Timor-Leste to meet its water sector development goals. Previous TAs have focused on changing the National Directorate for Water Supply and Sanitation (DNSAS) management structure without addressing the constraints posed by the existing regulatory and institutional framework. Within the current framework, DNSAS does not have the mandate to implement the proposed management structures and procedural changes.

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Project Name Strengthening Water Sector Management and Service Delivery
Project Number 45227-001
Country Timor-Leste
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7981-TIM: Strengthening Water Sector Management and Service Delivery
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.20 million
TA 7981-TIM: Strengthening Water Sector Management and Service Delivery (supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 112,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description ADB-funded projects in Timor-Leste have validated the need to improve operations and maintenance (O&M) of water systems and to increase institutional capacity to manage urban water supply systems. These needs are vital to adequate service delivery, which cannot be compensated for through infrastructure investment alone. A different operational mode with an effective O&M strategy is required for Timor-Leste to meet its water sector development goals. Previous TAs have focused on changing the National Directorate for Water Supply and Sanitation (DNSAS) management structure without addressing the constraints posed by the existing regulatory and institutional framework. Within the current framework, DNSAS does not have the mandate to implement the proposed management structures and procedural changes. The TA will be linked to the proposed ADB-funded District Capitals Water Supply Project that will rehabilitate the urban water supply systems of Pante Macasar and Manatuto, and introduce the use of public-private partnerships (PPPs) for service provision, in the form of management contracts for the O&M of the rehabilitated systems for a period of two years. The TA will help to achieve and sustain the expected impact and outcome of the proposed project. Particularly, it will provide water sector officials at the national level and in Manatuto and Pante Macasar with the capacity and institutional reforms needed to effectively manage, operate, and maintain urban water supply systems, including catchment area management. Lessons learned from the TA will inform the national roll-out of a new urban water sector management system for Timor-Leste, which can serve as model for the reform of other infrastructure sectors.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The strategy for water supply and sanitation included in the recent Strategic Development Plan 2011 2030 (SDP) lists providing safe, piped 24-hour water supply to households in 12 district centers as one of the three sector priorities. In line with the sector priorities of the government, the forthcoming Asian Development Bank (ADB) Country Partnership Strategy 2011 2013 for Timor-Leste, lists as the outcome for the sector the expansion of safe water supply and sanitation services in urban areas, focusing on increasing the management efficiency of the systems.
Impact Contribute to providing safe and reliable water supply to district capitals Manatuto and Pante Macasar
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome DNSAS adopts tested urban water sector institutional reform program
Progress Toward Outcome

A number of outputs to date have been produced under the TA to support evidence-based sector reform policy-making. These include: (i) infrastructure asset management plans, (ii) service level monitoring sheets for Dili and target district capitals. To support evaluation of public-private partnership arrangements in the urban water supply sector, the TA produced a technical evaluation of infrastructure investments and operational cost estimates for the Dili water supply network.

The TA has also supported a number of learning events to raise awareness on water and sanitation sector from other ADB developing member countries including: (i) Asia Water Week, and consultations with Manila Water, MWSS and LWUA, (ii) Participation in the Asia Sanitation Dialogue, and (iii) Armenia water sector reform learning visit.

The TA also supported a high level national infrastructure conference in Timor-Leste to raise awareness on key water sector issues and challenges.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Development of a draft urban water sector institutional reform program

DNSAS, Pante Macasar SAS, and Manatuto SAS successfully pilot proposed urban water sector institutional reform program

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

In progress. This output is pending until the results of the on-going PPP assessment work has been completed.

Not yet started. Changes to current institutional arrangements will be piloted during the operations and maintenance phase of the District Capitals Water Supply Project. Due to delays in civil works. the O&M phase to be supported under the TA is also delayed.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation During TA implementation, there has been active engagement with key sector stakeholders in order to raise awareness and build demand for water sector reforms to improve water supply services in Timor-Leste, in line with Strategic Development Plan 2011-2030 objectives.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB will recruit 5 individual consultants, for a total of 30 international person-months and 46 national person-months (see Appendix 2) to develop the urban water sector institutional reform program in partnership with government, private sector, and community stakeholders, and to provide on-the-job and external training to water sector officials. Consultant selection will be done in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by ADB and its Borrowers (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement will be done in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). Detailed cost estimates are provided in Appendix 3. The proceeds of the TA will be disbursed in accordance with the Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Allison Woodruff
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of InfrastructureAvenida dos Martire de Patria
Mandarin, Dili, Timor-Leste
Timetable
Concept Clearance 10 Aug 2011
Fact Finding 18 Jul 2011 to 21 Jul 2011
MRM -
Approval 14 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 18 Feb 2015

TA 7981-TIM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 Dec 2011 09 Jan 2012 09 Jan 2012 28 Feb 2015 28 Feb 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,312,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,312,000.00 14 Dec 2011 569,367.41

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Evaluation Documents

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