Regional: Improving Agricultural and Rural Statistics for Food Security

Sovereign Project | 45261-001

Summary

The Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics (hereafter Global Strategy) that was endorsed by the United Nations Statistics Commission provides a framework to enable national and international statistical systems to produce and apply the basic data and information needed to guide decision making for food security and development in the 21st century.

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Project Name Improving Agricultural and Rural Statistics for Food Security
Project Number 45261-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8029-REG: Improving Agricultural and Rural Statistics for Food Security
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Public sector management - Economic affairs management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics (hereafter Global Strategy) that was endorsed by the United Nations Statistics Commission provides a framework to enable national and international statistical systems to produce and apply the basic data and information needed to guide decision making for food security and development in the 21st century.

The Global Strategy responds to the growing need for sustainable statistical systems that provide reliable and accurate data on agricultural and rural sectors that are comparable across time and country. These are indispensable for evidence-based policy on poverty reduction, reduced food price volatility and sustainable use of natural resources (especially in light of climate change) in Asia and the Pacific. The Global Strategy has three pillars: (i) the establishment of a minimum set of core data that countries will collect to meet current and emerging demands; (ii) the integration of agriculture into national statistical systems in order to satisfy the demands of policy makers and other users who rely on comparable data across locations and time; and (iii) the foundation that will ensure sustainability of the agricultural statistics systems through governance and statistical capacity building.

The pillars of the Global Strategy are consistent with the approach of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in using evidence-based policy making for improving development outcomes. The outputs of the Global Strategy support ADB's strategic agenda of inclusive growth. As a major partner of governments in promoting inclusive growth, it is recommended that ADB should actively participate in the implementation of the Global Strategy in Asia and the Pacific. ADB should influence the major stakeholders in (i) developing a workable implementation plan in the region, (ii) enjoining countries to include the agricultural and rural statistics in monitoring their development plans through policy dialogues; and (iii) undertaking methodological research to develop a cost-effective and reliable data collection strategy for agricultural and rural statistics that can be adopted by countries in Asia and the Pacific.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

A majority of the poor still live in rural areas and agriculture is still the major source of employment. Hence, in achieving inclusive growth it is necessary that agriculture and the rural areas are developed and that understand how population growth, the demand for natural resources and competing food crop use, and the effects of extreme weather and climate change affect future food security are understood. For these issues to be examined and for appropriate policies to be formulated, good and comprehensive data support systems on agriculture and rural areas are needed. These are not available in many developing countries in Asia. While agricultural and rural statistics are available in some countries, they are based on administrative reporting systems which are prone to bias and large measurement error. Inaccurate estimation of staple food production, for instance, can lead to inappropriate policies and consequently, unfavorable outcomes, including the possibility of a worsening food security level.

In light of this critical data gap, the United Nations Statistics Commission endorsed the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that provides a framework to enable national and international statistical systems to produce and apply the basic data and information needed to guide decision making in the 21st century. It has three pillars: (i) establishment of a minimum set of core data that countries will collect to meet current and emerging demands, (ii) integration of agriculture into national statistical systems in order to satisfy the demands of policy makers and other users who rely on comparable data across locations and time, and (iii) a foundation that will ensure sustainability of agricultural statistics systems through governance and statistical capacity building.

The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), through a letter to the President from its Executive Secretary and the Chair of the ESCAP Committee on Statistics, invited the ADB to collaborate in developing a regional implementation plan of the Global Strategy in Asia and the Pacific. ADB has agreed to support the development of the implementation plan because of the development issues that are common to both ADB's Strategy 2020 and the Global Strategy.

Impact Increase in the use of agricultural and rural statistics for policy making.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increase in agricultural and rural statistics that are collected on a regular basis.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Suitable action plan for implementing the global strategy for improving agricultural and rural statistics.

2. Results of methodological studies

3. Country action plans

4. National statistical systems' (NSS) skills in compiling agricultural and rural statistics upgraded

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultations with FAO, ESCAP, and representatives from the ministries of agriculture and national statistical systems of the Philippines and Bhutan were undertaken in conceptualizing this technical assistance. Among the topics that were discussed are the critical issues in compiling agricultural and rural statistics, the Global Strategy, the global action plan, the roadmap, and responsibilities for developing the implementation plan for Asia and the Pacific, and funding issues.
During Project Implementation

The R-PATA team will be actively involved in all tasks of the project. Evaluation of workshops and training programs will be done immediately after their completion. Periodic consultations with ESCAP, FAO, SGAS (Steering Group for Agricultural Statistics), and DMCs will also be undertaken to ensure timely completion of the regional and country action plans. Evaluation of the progress of the methodological research will be done after each milestone defined in the MOAs. Progress of the R-PATA will be periodically evaluated on the basis of the DMF indicators by the R-PATA team.

The results of the project will be disseminated by ADB through its websites. The methodological studies of the project will be disseminated internally through ADB Today, potentially through an article in the ADB review and through seminars/workshops. Publication of articles in external journals, articles on adb.org and presentation of results at external conferences will also be pursued as dissemination vehicles of R-PATA methodological results outside ADB.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

A. International Consultant: Agricultural Statistician (2 person-months, intermittent)

1. The international consultant should have a strong background in the compilation methods for agricultural and statistics and in designing sample

surveys, especially in developing countries with limited funds for data collection.

2. The consultant will perform the following specific tasks:

(i) Undertake the initial country assessment on the basis of available data and information from the ADB, ESCAP, FAO, and World Bank websites.

(ii) Recommend workable country groups classification and necessary actions for improving countries' agricultural and rural statistics.

(iii) Work with project officer and selected countries in planning methodological research. Advise countries and review reports.

(iv) Assist in drafting the implementation plan for Asia.

(v) Assist countries in developing their own implementation plans.

B. National Consultant: Statistician (12 person-months)

1. The national consultant should have an extensive background in statistical methods, in analyzing household surveys, and in statistical software

programming.

2. The consultant will perform the following specific tasks:

(i) Assist in the initial country assessment by providing analytical support to the international consultant and project officer.

(ii) Help in the organizing seminars, training and conferences.

(iii) Provide technical support to the project officer in coordination with countries.

(iv) Assist in the undertaking of methodological research and in writing reports.

Procurement Procurement of equipment, if any, will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). The equipment will be handed over to national statistics offices upon completion of the TA.
Responsible ADB Officer Lakshman Rao
Responsible ADB Department Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department
Responsible ADB Division Development Indicators and Policy Research Division
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Oct 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 13 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Oct 2011

TA 8029-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2011 - 13 Dec 2011 30 Jun 2013 31 Aug 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 13 Dec 2011 425,868.91

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