Philippines: Promoting Partnerships and Innovation in Poor and Underserved Communities

Sovereign Project | 45320-001

Summary

The grant development objective is to pilot a viable model for strengthening strategic multisectoral partnerships to support the sustainable development of poor and underserved communities that can be replicated in the Philippines and other developing member countries of ADB. Through a focused partnership framework, the grant aims to improve the living conditions of about 5,896 poor families in Southville 7, a low-cost housing project of the National Housing Authority (NHA) in the Municipality of Calauan, Province of Laguna. The development objective will be achieved by: (i) piloting a program for expanding multisectoral partnerships;(ii) improving access to basic services, including economic and livelihood opportunities; (iii) enhancing capacities of residents in community development and social entrepreneurship; and (iv) establishing an effective project management, monitoring and evaluation, and reporting system.

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Project Name Promoting Partnerships and Innovation in Poor and Underserved Communities
Project Number 45320-001
Country Philippines
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9162-PHI: Promoting Partnerships and Innovations in Poor and Underserved Communities
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Multisector - Multisector
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The grant development objective is to pilot a viable model for strengthening strategic multisectoral partnerships to support the sustainable development of poor and underserved communities that can be replicated in the Philippines and other developing member countries of ADB. Through a focused partnership framework, the grant aims to improve the living conditions of about 5,896 poor families in Southville 7, a low-cost housing project of the National Housing Authority (NHA) in the Municipality of Calauan, Province of Laguna. The development objective will be achieved by: (i) piloting a program for expanding multisectoral partnerships;(ii) improving access to basic services, including economic and livelihood opportunities; (iii) enhancing capacities of residents in community development and social entrepreneurship; and (iv) establishing an effective project management, monitoring and evaluation, and reporting system.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Examples of public-private sector-civil society partnerships for making services accessible to the poor are evolving and generating positive results in a socialized housing project/resettlement site administered by the National Housing Authority (NHA) in the Municipality of Calauan (Province of Laguna). The partnership initiatives have been directed at helping 5,896 families in Sites 1, 2, and 3 of the NHA housing project, collectively referred to as Southville 7. Since it was given by NHA the operation and management responsibilities of Southville 7 in 2009, the ABS-CBN Foundation, Inc. (AFI), a media-based NGO, has successfully mobilized resources for the residents of Southville 7 from 52 partner organizations and individuals. AFI's efforts have resulted in the construction and rehabilitation of 1,500 housing units, recreational facilities, and public market; installation of 14 shallow wells; development and upgrading of Sites 2 and 3; construction of a livelihood and training center; provision of livelihood and training programs to residents; donations of sewing machines, power tools, computers; provision of health facilities and health professionals; and installation of 132 solar street lights. AFI has also been involved in improving educational outcomes in Southville 7 by upgrading school facilities, teacher training, curriculum development, school feeding program, and reading program. Total contributions and donations mobilized by AFI for Southville 7 since 2009 amounted to more than $5.25 million. The magnitude of multisectoral partnerships initiated by AFI in Southville 7 easily stands out among the low-cost housing projects and resettlement sites of NHA in the country.

While significant gains in improving the community and social infrastructure of Southville 7 have been achieved, major challenges remain. According to a recent survey of AFI, 50% of the labor force is unemployed and majority of those who are employed work in Metro Manila. Only 507 or 8.6% of the total families in Southville 7 have electricity in their houses. The residents are exposed to fire and health hazards as kerosene, candles, and firewood are commonly used. Without electricity, the productivity of residents is significantly diminished and economic activities are stifled. Children find it difficult to study at night. Potable water is provided in six water stations in the community and the costs range from $3.30 to $1.09 per cubic meter. On the average, this is 457 % higher than anywhere in the province of Laguna ($0.48 per cubic meter) and 757% higher than Metro Manila ($0.29 per cubic meter). Residents, mostly women, queue for long hours to get water from the existing communal shallow wells, which have been found to be contaminated. Frequent incidences of gastrointestinal and water-borne diseases have been reported. The limited access to clean water has adversely affected the hygiene and sanitation in the community.

The NHA and the Calauan LGU are finding it difficult to cope with meeting the development needs of the Southville 7. Insofar as the 5,896 families in Southville 7 represent a 41% increase in Calauan's population of 14,249 families based on the 2008 census, the total income (which is 81% dependent on national subsidy) of the Calauan LGU has not even been adequate to support the service delivery requirements of its original population.

Another key challenge to Southville 7 residents is the lack of livelihood opportunities in Calauan and neighboring areas. About 45% of the employed residents in Southville 7 work and stay in Metro Manila during weekdays and return to Southville 7 only on weekends. Mothers who are usually left behind in Southville 7 throughout the week have to perform most of the household chores, including getting water from communal sources. While struggling to secure stable sources of income, the poor residents of Southville 7 have to contend with higher costs of basic services spending about 70% of their monthly income on water, energy or fuel requirements for cooking and lighting, and transportation. While some of the Southville 7 residents were beneficiaries of the Government's Pantawid Pamilya Pilipino Program (4Ps) or conditional cash transfer (CCT) program in communities where they used to live, their transfer to Calauan excluded them from the program despite still being among the poorest members of the population.

Amidst challenges, the activities and experiences in Southville 7 highlight the benefits and huge potentials of private sector and civil society participation in building communities and improving living conditions. AFI's initiatives in Southville 7 present an innovative and thriving approach for expanding multisectoral partnerships to better respond to the needs of the poor and provide strategic support to sustainable development of many similarly situated communities in the country. Characterized by an integrated and people-centered approach to community building, AFI's work promotes social responsibility, volunteerism, and participatory governance. As AFI expands its resource base and development assistance to Southville 7, the NHA and Calauan LGU does not only want AFI's work scaled up and replicated, but also enhance their capacities as development managers. It is in this context that a demonstration project is proposed to strengthen and sustain public-private sector-civil society partnerships initiated by AFI for empowering communities, enhancing service delivery, and improving the lives of the poor.

The project is consistent with the priorities of the Philippine Development Plan (PDP), 2011 2016. The PDP emphasizes equitable access to basic social services, particularly for poor and vulnerable groups, and gives priority to proper resettlement of informal settlers. It calls for the integration of basic infrastructure support, such as adequate provision of safe drinking water and electricity to resettlement sites. Key PDP strategies are reflected in the project design. First, the PDP recommends the adoption of community-driven development (CDD) approaches in social development programs and projects, in which local communities take control in planning, implementation, and resource investments. Second, the PDP aims for the convergence of social protection programs in terms of targeting poor beneficiaries and geographic areas, to fully maximize resources and create more impact on beneficiaries. Third, the PDP recognizes the essential role of the private sector as the main engine for economic growth and national development; thus, the government has committed to use private investment for key infrastructure and social services. This demonstration project will pilot a model for partnership building and innovative interventions such as CDD in improving access to basic services in Southville 7.

The project is aligned with the Philippines country assistance program evaluation of ADB which recommends encouraging greater private sector participation in the provision of key infrastructure and basic services through public private partnership (PPPs). The project objectives also sit well with ADB's Strategy 2020, which emphasizes partnership building as a driver of change in reducing poverty and improving living conditions and quality of life. The project's focus on enhancing access by the poor to basic services is consistent with ADB's Country Partnership Strategy 2011 2016 for the Philippines that includes improved and equitable delivery of basic services as a key development outcome.

Impact Strengthened multisectoral partnerships for sustainable development of poor and underserved communities
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Tested an innovative and replicable model of multistakeholder partnerships for improving access of the poor to basic services
Progress Toward Outcome With the emerging concerns at the project site, ADB approved reallocating grant funds for civil works from subprojects and activities that have become less relevant to the needs of Southville 7 such e-trikes, mini-grid, and social enterprise development. ADB also approved a one year extension of project implementation. The EA and IA made the necessary adjustments in the project procurement plan and implementation arrangements.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Piloted a program for expanding multisectoral partnership

Implemented a community development and innovation program

Enhanced capacities of residents in community development and social entrepreneurship

Established a project management, monitoring and evaluation, and reporting system

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Southville 7 is included in the MDP

The Level II Communal Potable Water Supply System has been identified as the PPP project for Southville 7. It will target 2,306 relocated families.

The Level II Communal Potable Water Supply System is 90% complete as of 23 January 2015.

AFI is harnessing the support, resources and expertise of various public and private organizations to provide basic social services in the community, in the form of liveable housing units and community facilities, skills development and entrepreneurship programs, progressive and integrative basic education, accessible health care, clean and safe environment. AFI signed MOAs with TESDA, Entrepinoy Volunteers Foundation Inc., Simulaing Gabay sa Entrepinoy (SIGE) Foundation, Inc. , Armed Forces of the Philippines to confirm commitments and contributions in-kind to Southville 7. Contributions provided to Southville 7 -

Q2 2015 Target: P59,77 million

As of Q4 2014 (Cumulative from 2012 to 2014):

P111.1 million

As of 29 September

2014, 903 of 5,896 houses have

been energized or 15.31% of total

houses in Southville 7. 1,138 units,

meanwhile, have pending

applications.

Conduct of baseline survey delayed, completed in December 2013.

Residents net satisfaction rating of delivery of basic services:

Very Satisfied = 25%

Satisfied = 26%

Fair = 32%

Dissatisfied = 12%

Very Dissatisfied = 5%

Satisfaction rating = 51%

2,247 out of 5,896

households, or 38.11%, currently

have access to at least Level II

Water System.

Level I: 3,649 households (from rainwater harvesters or shallow wells)

Level II: 961 households

Level III: 1,286 households

The Level II Communal Potable Water Supply System is 90% complete.

1,273 individuals

(representing the same number of

households), or 21.59% of 5,896

total number of households, have

received livelihood assistance. In

the 2012 baseline survey, 10% of

respondents said they received

training during the 2012-2013

period.

Of the 1,273 individuals

who received livelihood assistance,

70.2% are women.

CBO officers underwent SWOT and Vision-Mission-Goals workshops held from August to September 2012. As a follow-up to these activities, CBOs consolidated their organization-level outputs to come up with Southville 7-level goals and development projects.

These abilities are reflected in the submission of community proposals under the CAF. These proposals undergo screening and validation by the BMC. Approved CAF projects include solar street lights, playground sets, shallow wells, cleaning equipment and village gates.

The CIF management and utilization are guided by BNJPA s CDP 2013-2015.

About 72% of 2,679

attendees in capacity development

activities, are women (as of Dec 2014).

Completed. PIU established and operational; M&E and reporting systems established and operational

- Regular weekly reporting by IA, PIU

- Weekly meeting by LAC/BMC

- Monthly meeting by PSC

- Monthly meeting by HOAs and BNJPA

Ongoing. KMS submitted a draft case study Homeowners Associations as Partners in Community Development: Case Study of Bayanijuan sa Southville7, Calauan, Laguna".

IA will advise KMS to incorporate

reports from the Community

Development Planning Workshop

in September, which introduced

HOAs to preparing proposals using

participatory resource appraisal

(PRA) tools.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Potential environmental impacts (including health and safety) may be generated from groundwater abstraction to supply drinking water to some 6,000 families. Environmental impact during construction will be limited to the associated civil works. Electrical connection to houses and community facilities could have impact on the safety of contractors and individuals. An initial environment examination is being prepared in accordance with ADB social and environmental safeguard policies and guidelines.
Involuntary Resettlement The project seeks to improve the delivery of basic services to poor and vulnerable families in Southville 7. Of the 5,986 families in Southville 7, 3,179 were informal settlers in Metro Manila and victims of Typhoon Ondoy; 1,985 were squatter families from the Pasig riverbanks and tributaries in Manila; and 732 families were beneficiaries of socialized housing program under the Government's Home Development Mutual Fund. No involuntary resettlement is expected.
Indigenous Peoples This project will not target IP communities. Its intended beneficiaries are some 5,986 poor families in Southville 7. Most of the residents were informal settlers in Metro Manila and victims of Typhoon Ondoy. They do not belong to any indigenous group.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations were held with the national and local government agencies, AFI, NGOs, community-based organizations, community members and leaders of Southville 7, and Embassy of Japan during the project appraisal and design mission in September 2011. Project stakeholders, including women community leaders, were invited to provide inputs to the project design, scope, implementing arrangements, opportunities for partnerships, and lessons learned from similar initiatives in the country. NHA, Calauan LGU, and AFI provided extensive information about Southville 7 as well as the municipality and province. The views and suggestions of the stakeholders consulted have been incorporated into the project design. Opportunities to partner with private sector organizations and NGOs were also identified during the project preparation.
During Project Implementation During implementation, the project will promote stakeholder and community participation through the partnership building and CDD approaches that have been embedded in the project design. A consultation and participation plan will also be prepared at project inception to further strengthen the project design's participatory process during implementation. The plan will identify stakeholders and community participation processes that will be actively co-managed by the project implementation unit and the community-based organizations. Participation of women in managing community affairs and community investments are embedded in project design and implementation.
Responsible ADB Officer Joel V. Mangahas
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
National Housing Authority (NHA)Office of the President
Quezon Memorial Elliptical Road
Diliman, Quezon City
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Sep 2011
Fact Finding 14 Aug 2011 to 19 Aug 2011
MRM -
Approval 09 Apr 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

Grant 9162-PHI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Apr 2012 22 May 2012 22 May 2012 30 Nov 2015 30 Nov 2016 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 6.01 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 09 Apr 2012 0.00 1.09 72%
Counterpart 4.51 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 1.50 09 Apr 2012 0.00 1.13 75%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Promoting Partnerships and Innovation in Poor and Underserved Communities Initial Environmental Examination Jan 2013

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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