Regional: Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations

Sovereign Project | 45328-001

Summary

The proposed TA aims to support ADB's FCAS developing member countries in building effective institutions that will support their peace-building and or state-building efforts. Country-led capacity development will be carried out to enable government counterparts formulate and implement strategic and operational approaches to address the challenges of fragility. The FCASs include fragile Pacific developing member countries and those in post-conflict situations such as Afghanistan and transitional Nepal, or country where there is a subnational situation of fragility like Sri Lanka.

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Project Name Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations
Project Number 45328-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8065-REG: Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict Affected Situations
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management - Decentralization - Economic affairs management - Public administration

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The proposed TA aims to support ADB's FCAS developing member countries in building effective institutions that will support their peace-building and or state-building efforts. Country-led capacity development will be carried out to enable government counterparts formulate and implement strategic and operational approaches to address the challenges of fragility. The FCASs include fragile Pacific developing member countries and those in post-conflict situations such as Afghanistan and transitional Nepal, or country where there is a subnational situation of fragility like Sri Lanka.

To support growth and economic development in FCAS, the proposed TA will identify peace-building and or state-building opportunities by conducting fragility assessments and formulating capacity development plans. It aims to foster new thinking to improve the use of innovative instruments and approaches in FCAS, including use of peace or fragility filters, and political economy analyses. These tools can be used to develop appropriate capacity development plans, and to better design and implement country strategies and projects.

The proposed TA will contribute to an enhanced alignment with DMC governments' national development plans and state-building activities, as well as stronger harmonization with other development partners in FCAS to support the country-led efforts of transition out of fragility. The momentum thus far acquired in knowledge management in support of ADB's approach to FCAS will also be improved, bringing a deeper understanding and stronger application of innovative operational approaches into the mainstream of ADB's operations in FCAS.

Building on the outputs and outcome of the previous assistance supporting ADB's engagement in fragile situations, the proposed TA will further strengthen conflict-sensitive approaches and participation, and enhance government counterparts and ADB staff capacities to conduct political economy assessments supporting development activities in FCASs. In particular, the proposed TA also intends to integrate fragility assessments and political economy analysis into the implementation of ADB's Pacific Approach.

This proposed TA will build on the experiences of the ongoing TA that aims to introduce and mainstream different operational approaches to situations of fragility or post-conflict in ADB. It will benefit from the lessons learned from the pilot initiatives in Nepal and in Pacific countries. The proposed TA will identify best practices and lessons learned on conflict risk assessment under the TA on Development Partnership Program for South Asia, in particular from experiences gained in Sri Lanka. It will also benefit from the outcomes of the TA on Enhancing Engagement with Pacific Developing Member Countries and Strengthening Pacific Economic Analysis and Policy Development. A key lesson from these TAs is that further strengthening of ADB and counterpart agencies' capacity for engagement in FCASs is needed to improve development effectiveness in such fragile settings.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The proposed TA responds to ADB's Strategy 2020 recommendation to seek innovative means to strengthen the effectiveness of country-led models of engagement in FCASs. It supports the implementation of ADB's approach to engaging with FCAS and the Pacific Approach 2010 2014. It will also support implementation of the 2010 recommendations of the Special Evaluation Study on FCAS.
Impact Improved effectiveness of development assistance in FCAS DMCs
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced capacity of key government agencies in FCAS DMCs to address fragility issues
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Country-led fragility assessments processes and tools successfully tested and documented in selected FCAS DMCs.

2. Country-led capacity development plans implemented in selected FCAS DMCs.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1

A report on the fragility index study was finalized and being prepared as Economics and Research Department's working paper series. A short brochure has been published.

A conflict-sensitive analysis was conducted in the transport sector and published as knowledge product (brochure) to inform future ADB operations in Afghanistan.

A knowledge product of the fragility assessments done jointly with International Alert has been prepared for publication. Fragility assessments were conducted on three projects being implemented in Nepal: (i) Secondary Town Urban Integrated Environment Improvement Project, (ii) High Mountain Agriculture and Livelihood Project, and (iii) Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Project.

The peacebuilding tool has been applied in several ADB projects in Nepal. It has also been translated into Nepali by government staff. The translated version was tested during training for government officials at the Nepal Administrative Staff College.

Fragility assessment of transport and energy sectors in Papua New Guinea was conducted to inform PNG Country Partnership Strategy 2016-2020. Findings of the study were presented during the PNG CPS country team retreat in April 2014. A short policy brief has been published with no-objection from the PNG government. A full-blown report has been finalized for internal use. Based on this study, a practical guide to fragility assessment has also been published.

A political economy study was conducted to inform ADB's next country operations business plan for Vanuatu. Study findings and recommendations were presented in Vanuatu to separate groups of donors, NGOs, and the government as well as to the public. Presentations have been given to ADB in Sydney on 5 September and in Manila on 12 November.

Output 2

Forum held on 6-7 June 2013, with more than 60 participants, including high-ranking government officials and senior representatives from development partners.

Publication of proceedings highlighting the presentations and discussions in the forum.

Publication of a brochure Building Resilient Societies: Evolving Solutions that summarizes the issues and recommendations that emerged from the forum, the recent literature, and the latest international discussions.

The Nepal Administrative Staff College (NASC) continues to provide training to government staff on peace-sensitive approach to development. The training curriculum and the peacebuilding tool manual are being finalized. A knowledge document on local capacity building on peace-sensitive development approach is being prepared for publication.

Project preparation and appraisal guidelines have been prepared to provide institutional support to implementation of Solomon Islands' National Development Strategy. Capacity building was conducted for the Ministry of Development Planning.

Since the endorsement of the operational plan, about 156 ADB staff have been familiarized on FCAS through (i) introductory session incorporated in the project design and management program regularly conducted by the Budget, Personnel and Management Systems Department; (ii) Pacific Talk organized by ADB's Pacific Department; and (iii) seminars conducted for Afghanistan Resident Mission. The FCAS Support Team also participated in the World Bank's online course on Violence, Conflict and Fragility.

A customized risk management framework has been developed to guide ADB staff in managing risks in FCAS. A brochure has been published. The framework will be piloted in selected FCAS countries under the technical assistance on mapping resilience to fragility.

A broad framework for long-term institution building suited to FCAS DMCs has been developed. A brochure has been published. The framework will be piloted in selected FCAS countries under the technical assistance on mapping resilience to fragility.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A development specialist with expertise on fragile and conflict-affected situations (international consultant, intermittent 14 person-months), will assist in identifying the need for services and developing activities, tools, fragility assessments, and plans for capacity development based on country context, CPA assessment, and country diagnostics. He/she will assist in developing and piloting country-led fragility assessments and country-led capacity development plans. A research and knowledge management specialist (national consultant, intermittent 20 person-months), based at ADB headquarters, will assist the focal point and support the development specialist. Up to 12 country specialists (local consultants, intermittent up to 30 months) will assist and support the implementation of pilot initiatives in selected FCAS. The consultants will be recruited as individuals through individual consulting services by ADB according to its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time). The focal point will submit TA progress reports together with other reports to the steering committee.
Procurement Any assets required will be procured using ADB Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time) and upon completion of the project, they will remain the property of ADB.
Responsible ADB Officer Patrick Safran
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Dec 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 29 Mar 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 16 Mar 2015

TA 8065-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Mar 2012 - 29 Mar 2012 30 Apr 2014 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 800,000.00 29 Mar 2012 680,614.10

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