Regional: Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations

Sovereign Project | 45328-001 Status: Approved

Summary

The proposed TA aims to support ADB's FCAS developing member countries in building effective institutions that will support their peace-building and or state-building efforts. Country-led capacity development will be carried out to enable government counterparts formulate and implement strategic and operational approaches to address the challenges of fragility. The FCASs include fragile Pacific developing member countries and those in post-conflict situations such as Afghanistan and transitional Nepal, or country where there is a subnational situation of fragility like Sri Lanka.

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Project Name Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations
Project Number 45328-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8065-REG: Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict Affected Situations
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management - Decentralization - Economic affairs management - Public administration

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The proposed TA aims to support ADB's FCAS developing member countries in building effective institutions that will support their peace-building and or state-building efforts. Country-led capacity development will be carried out to enable government counterparts formulate and implement strategic and operational approaches to address the challenges of fragility. The FCASs include fragile Pacific developing member countries and those in post-conflict situations such as Afghanistan and transitional Nepal, or country where there is a subnational situation of fragility like Sri Lanka.

To support growth and economic development in FCAS, the proposed TA will identify peace-building and or state-building opportunities by conducting fragility assessments and formulating capacity development plans. It aims to foster new thinking to improve the use of innovative instruments and approaches in FCAS, including use of peace or fragility filters, and political economy analyses. These tools can be used to develop appropriate capacity development plans, and to better design and implement country strategies and projects.

The proposed TA will contribute to an enhanced alignment with DMC governments' national development plans and state-building activities, as well as stronger harmonization with other development partners in FCAS to support the country-led efforts of transition out of fragility. The momentum thus far acquired in knowledge management in support of ADB's approach to FCAS will also be improved, bringing a deeper understanding and stronger application of innovative operational approaches into the mainstream of ADB's operations in FCAS.

Building on the outputs and outcome of the previous assistance supporting ADB's engagement in fragile situations, the proposed TA will further strengthen conflict-sensitive approaches and participation, and enhance government counterparts and ADB staff capacities to conduct political economy assessments supporting development activities in FCASs. In particular, the proposed TA also intends to integrate fragility assessments and political economy analysis into the implementation of ADB's Pacific Approach.

This proposed TA will build on the experiences of the ongoing TA that aims to introduce and mainstream different operational approaches to situations of fragility or post-conflict in ADB. It will benefit from the lessons learned from the pilot initiatives in Nepal and in Pacific countries. The proposed TA will identify best practices and lessons learned on conflict risk assessment under the TA on Development Partnership Program for South Asia, in particular from experiences gained in Sri Lanka. It will also benefit from the outcomes of the TA on Enhancing Engagement with Pacific Developing Member Countries and Strengthening Pacific Economic Analysis and Policy Development. A key lesson from these TAs is that further strengthening of ADB and counterpart agencies' capacity for engagement in FCASs is needed to improve development effectiveness in such fragile settings.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The proposed TA responds to ADB's Strategy 2020 recommendation to seek innovative means to strengthen the effectiveness of country-led models of engagement in FCASs. It supports the implementation of ADB's approach to engaging with FCAS and the Pacific Approach 2010 2014. It will also support implementation of the 2010 recommendations of the Special Evaluation Study on FCAS.
Impact Improved effectiveness of development assistance in FCAS DMCs
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced capacity of key government agencies in FCAS DMCs to address fragility issues
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Country-led fragility assessments processes and tools successfully tested and documented in selected FCAS DMCs.

2. Country-led capacity development plans implemented in selected FCAS DMCs.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1 (See http://fragilesituations.adb.org)

A fragility index has been developed and a report on the study was finalized and being prepared as Economics and Research Department's working paper series. A short brochure has been published.

An experts' meeting on fragility assessment was conducted jointly with The Asia Foundation in Bangkok on 15-16 June 2015. A total of 23 experts and government officials discussed best practices on conflict and fragility assessments and how these can best inform policymaking and development assistance. Proceeding of the workshop has been published online.

A conflict-sensitive analysis was conducted in Afghanistan's transport sector and published as knowledge product (brochure) to inform future ADB operations in the country.

A fragility assessment of Afghanistan has been prepared based on desk study to inform the next country partnership strategy.

An investigative study was conducted for the Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management Project in Mindanao, Philippines.

Fragility assessments were conducted with International Alert on three projects being implemented in Nepal: (i) Secondary Town Urban Integrated Environment Improvement Project, (ii) High Mountain Agriculture and Livelihood Project, and (iii) Decentralized Rural Infrastructure and Livelihood Project. A knowledge product on the fragility assessments has been published.

The peacebuilding tool was applied in seven ADB projects in Nepal. It has also been translated into Nepali by government staff. The translated version is being used in the regular training program for government officials at the Nepal Administrative Staff College (NASC).

A political economy study was conducted on land issues and their impact to tourism development in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia to inform tourism strategy and investment plan for the country. Key findings of the study were presented during a tourism workshop with the government in March 2015. A short brochure summarizing the study findings has been published.

Fragility assessment of transport and energy sectors in Papua New Guinea (PNG) was conducted to inform PNG Country Partnership Strategy 2016 2020. Findings of the study were presented during the PNG CPS country team retreat in April 2014. A short policy brief has been published with no-objection from the PNG government.h A full-blown report has been finalized for internal use. Based on this study, a practical guide to fragility assessment has been developed and published.

A political economy study was conducted to inform ADB's next country operations business plan for Vanuatu. Study findings and recommendations were presented in Vanuatu to separate groups of donors, NGOs, and the government and to the public. Presentations were given to ADB in Sydney on 5 September 2014 and in Manila on 12 November 2014. A knowledge product, approved by the Government of Vanuatu, has been published.

A high-level forum was held on 6-7 June 2013, with more than 60 participants, including high-ranking government officials and senior representatives from development partners. Proceedings highlighting the presentations and discussions in the high-level forum has been published.k A brochure summarizing the issues and recommendations that emerged from the forum has also been published.

A new ongoing initiative, developing youth skills for work in fragile situations in the Pacific, aims to strengthen the voice of the Pacific youth in the process of developing policies and programs that improve skills, employment, and decent work outcomes for young people. It will support RETA 8794 (Technical Assistance for Improving the Performance of Labor Markets in the Pacific).

Output 2 (See http://fragilesituations.adb.org)

NASC continues to provide training to government staff on peace-sensitive approach to development. To date, around 600 government officials have been trained. The training curriculum and the peacebuilding tool manual have been prepared by NASC. A knowledge document on local capacity building on peace-sensitive development approach has been published.

Project preparation and appraisal guidelines have been prepared to provide institutional support to implementation of Solomon Islands' National Development Strategy. Capacity building was conducted for the Ministry of Development Planning. A knowledge product capturing the experiences on capacity building and participatory policymaking has been prepared for publication.

Since the endorsement of the operational plan, about 300 ADB staff have been familiarized on FCAS through (i) introductory session incorporated in the project design and management program regularly conducted by ADB Budget, Personnel and Management Systems Department; (ii) Pacific Talk organized by ADB's Pacific Department; (iii) seminars conducted for Afghanistan Resident Mission and Pacific Liaison and Coordination Office; and (iv) brownbag seminars. The FCAS Support Team also participated in the World Bank's online course on Violence, Conflict and Fragility.

A customized risk management framework has been developed to guide ADB staff in managing risks in FCAS. A knowledge product has been published. The framework will be piloted in selected FCAS countries under the technical assistance on mapping resilience to fragility.

A broad framework for long-term institution building suited to FCAS DMCs has been developed. A brochure has been published.o The framework will be piloted in selected FCAS countries under the technical assistance on mapping resilience to fragility.

A personnel training and capacity development plan has been prepared for the Chuuk Public Utility Corporation (CPUC) to capacitate the institution for effective and sustainable delivery of electricity, water, and sewerage services to the residents of Chuuk State in FSM. In September 2015, the CPUC Board endorsed the plan; and a training manager has been recruited (funded by the CPUC) to help implement the plan. A knowledge product capturing the experiences in this initiative has been published.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A development specialist with expertise on fragile and conflict-affected situations (international consultant, intermittent 14 person-months), will assist in identifying the need for services and developing activities, tools, fragility assessments, and plans for capacity development based on country context, CPA assessment, and country diagnostics. He/she will assist in developing and piloting country-led fragility assessments and country-led capacity development plans. A research and knowledge management specialist (national consultant, intermittent 20 person-months), based at ADB headquarters, will assist the focal point and support the development specialist. Up to 12 country specialists (local consultants, intermittent up to 30 months) will assist and support the implementation of pilot initiatives in selected FCAS. The consultants will be recruited as individuals through individual consulting services by ADB according to its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time). The focal point will submit TA progress reports together with other reports to the steering committee.
Procurement Any assets required will be procured using ADB Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time) and upon completion of the project, they will remain the property of ADB.
Responsible ADB Officer Patrick Safran
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban, Social Development & Public Management Division, PARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Dec 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 29 Mar 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 08 Feb 2016

TA 8065-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Mar 2012 - 29 Mar 2012 30 Apr 2014 30 Jun 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 800,000.00 29 Mar 2012 715,595.82
Title Document Type Document Date
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Interim Project Completion Report Consultants' Reports Jan 2016
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (January-June 2015) Consultants' Reports Jul 2015
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (October-December 2014) Consultants' Reports Jan 2015
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (July-September 2014) Consultants' Reports Oct 2014
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (April-June 2014) Consultants' Reports Jul 2014
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (January-March 2014) Consultants' Reports Apr 2014
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (October-December 2013) Consultants' Reports Jan 2014
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (July-September 2013) Consultants' Reports Oct 2013
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (April-June 2013) Consultants' Reports Jul 2013
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Progress Report (April 2012-March 2013) Consultants' Reports Mar 2013
Enhancing ADB's Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations Technical Assistance Reports Mar 2012

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