Regional: Developing Water Resources Sector Strategies in Central and West Asia

Sovereign Project | 45353-001

Summary

As a result of the number of discussions and consultations with stakeholders including developing member countries (DMC), the ADB's Water Operation Plan (WOP) (2011-2020) has been formulated. Following the regional technical assistance (RETA) to formulate road maps in transport, energy, and urban sectors infrastructure in CWA launched in January 2011, and on the occasion of the launch of the approved WOP, this proposed RETA is to assist Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan that are facing water stress and highly prioritize sectors directly linked to water resources management in their national strategies by: (i) formulating water resources sector strategies; and (ii) identifying prioritized water resources sector investments, and associated policy and institutional reforms to operationalize the strategies, both of which will suit ADB's WOP and direction of the implementation of water resources sector investments.

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Project Name Developing Water Resources Sector Strategies in Central and West Asia
Project Number 45353-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8015-REG: Water Resources Sector Strategies in Central and West Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
TA 8015-REG: Developing Water Resources Sector Strategies in Central and West Asia (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

As a result of the number of discussions and consultations with stakeholders including developing member countries (DMC), the ADB's Water Operation Plan (WOP) (2011-2020) has been formulated. Following the regional technical assistance (RETA) to formulate road maps in transport, energy, and urban sectors infrastructure in CWA launched in January 2011, and on the occasion of the launch of the approved WOP, this proposed RETA is to assist Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan that are facing water stress and highly prioritize sectors directly linked to water resources management in their national strategies by: (i) formulating water resources sector strategies; and (ii) identifying prioritized water resources sector investments, and associated policy and institutional reforms to operationalize the strategies, both of which will suit ADB's WOP and direction of the implementation of water resources sector investments. The development of water resources sector strategy for other CWA countries will follow at a later stage using similar methodologies, subject to additional financing.

Note: Water resources sector encompasses the following sub-sectors: (i) integrated water resources management (IWRM), including climate change adaptation and mitigation; (ii) irrigation, drainage and flood protection; (iii) water-based natural resource management; and (iv) irrigated land-based natural resource management (sustainable land management and conservation agriculture activity areas). The formulation of country road maps in urban water and sanitation sectors are covered under the ongoing RETA: Preparation of Sector Road Maps for the CWA.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Despite large investment needs, several countries in the Central and West Asia (CWA) do not have plans of prioritized investment and associated policy and institutional reforms linked to clear strategies to address priority water resources sector challenges which include water use efficiency, water productivity, and the agricultural productivity of water. These are particularly important in those countries facing increasing water stress in Central Asia for sustainable and efficient water resources management. Due to these absences, development partners have also been facing difficulties in: (i) agreeing with governments on strategic directions; (ii) identifying governments' prioritized investment and reform needs; and (iii) financing investments due to uncertainties of governments' commitments on long-term water resources sector priority.

Besides, weak identification process of qualified water resources sector investments by governments, when they request ADB's financing, has resulted in designing ineffective investment projects with less sustainability in some cases, mainly due to the lack of screening mechanism to assess the quality of investments. The irrigation and drainage sector synthesis report, prepared by Independent Evaluation Department in December 2009, also highlighted in key lessons that the selection of the projects after thorough diligence, preparing a conceptual framework, and implementing the design continue to be major considerations in the success and sustainability of the projects.

Over allocation of water is exemplified by the continued shrink of the Aral Sea that is dependent on the water flow from Amu Darya and Syr Darya; and the seasonal disconnection and reduced river flow of Amu Darya to the Aral Sea results in the almost disappearance of its southern part. This is deteriorating the ecosystem, societies, and economies dependent on the water resources in the Aral Sea and downstream of Amu Darya and Syr Darya.

Current economic growth, population increase, and unsustainable water management, especially in irrigation have been stressing water resources and environment in the CWA and the current shift of the industrial structure from agriculture to non-agricultural sectors in these areas is requiring better and rational water resources management. Current climate change and food security issues in these areas further make these areas difficult to address better and rational water management, and may accelerate the depth of seriousness of current water stress situation.

Impact This RETA aims at the increase of water resources sector investments for sustained and efficient water resources management in three target DMCs (Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan).
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Governments in 3 target DMCs use water resources sector strategies for water resources management planning.
Progress Toward Outcome Draft water sector strategies for Tajikistan and Kyrgez Republic available.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Strategy to address priority sector challenges in each target DMC is available.

Note: Priority sector challenges will include water use efficiency, water productivity, and agricultural productivity of water.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Two workshops were held in October 2012. Phase 1 workshop which was held in Tajikistan for (i) sector assessment to identify and prioritize key challenges in the water resources sector and (ii) development of water resources sector strategy to propose solutions, (iii) criteria to select potential investmen projects and (iv) discussion on draft outputs.

The participants (NGOs and officials from MLRWR) were able to come up with a consensus on the prioirty subsectors to be the core of the water resources sector assessment and strategy, key isues to be addressed in these sub-sectors and (iii) when addressing issues IWRM and river basin management should be considered.

A phase 2 workshop was held in Kyrgyz Republic which aimed to identify 11 subprojects out of which 3 were identified as priority investment subprojects. The 8 subprojects will reviewed as there may be some subprojects that may be included in the list.

A high level International Conference on Water Cooperation was held in Tajikistan from 20 to 21 August 2013. The main purpose of the Conference, is to promote dialogue and mutual understanding and to strengthen the partnership and cooperation on water issues among all stakeholders at all levels. The TA supported a session on water cooperation and sectoral synergies discussing the water-food-energy nexus and need for implementing integrated water resource management approaches for sustainable development in the region and beyond.

A TA review mission was fielded from 26 to 29 August 2013 for Azerbaijan. The mission and the government agreed that the TA be extended, the TOR and scope of work for the consultants be revised to incorportate the ground realities and phase 1 and phase 2 implementation strategy should be combined to achieve better results in a timely manner.

The cosultants were recruited and fielded. The stakeholders consultation workshop scheduled on 1 October 2014 and findings of the workshop will be integrated in the study. The work is in progress.

The TA completion date has been extended to 30 June 2015.

Geographical Location TAJ, KGZ, AZE, UZB, TKM
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Not applicable.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The RETA indicatively requires six international consultants (25 person-months) and three national consultants (12 person-months) with the following indicative positions for international consultants: (i) Team Leader/Water Management covering flood management; (ii) Salt Management; (iii) Irrigation Management; (iv) Agricultural Development; (v) Image Interpretation; and (vi) Economic Evaluation. Phase 1 of the TA will require 10.5 and 6 months of international and national consultants while another 14.5 and 6 months of international and national consultants will be required for Phase 2. Those consultants will be recruited through a firm using quality- and cost-based selection with a 90:10 weighting using a full technical proposal. In addition, ADB will recruit one individual international consultant with 13 person-month inputs to liaise with the consultant firm and the IAs and to manage the delivery schedule and the quality of outputs. The selection of consultant firm and the individual consultant will be in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on The Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Not Applicable.
Responsible ADB Officer Akhtar Ali
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 17 Nov 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 22 Dec 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2015

TA 8015-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Dec 2011 - 22 Dec 2011 31 Mar 2013 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,600,000.00 22 Dec 2011 1,478,718.24

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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