This technical assistance (TA) aims to prepare the Building Climate Resilience in the Pyanj River Basin Project. Technical, financial, economic and safeguards due diligence assessments were conducted under the TA to design the project. This work was completed in April 2013 and the ensuing grant was approved by the ADB board on 25 July 2013.
The TA aims also to ensure project readiness by supporting the executing agencies in establishing project management units, preparing bidding documents and starting the recruitment of implementation consultants. This work is still ongoing.
Building climate change resilience of communities along the Pyanj River Basin was identified as a priority by country stakeholders in the extensive consultation that the government of Tajikistan conducted in partnership with ADB, WB and EBRD since 2009 under the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). Key needs identified include access to water resources, gender equality of access to resources, provision of credits, preparedness and index-based insurance supported by early warning systems, improved water supply, access to information on climate change adaptation for land management, climate proofed infrastructure especially roads, and strengthening institutions. The findings of the previous ADB supported technical assistance and field missions to the Pyanj River Basin confirmed this range of priorities, reflecting the wide range of adaptation needs in the river basin.
The TA identified four outputs that will help communities in the Pyanj river basin become more resilient to climate variability and climate change, benefiting directly over 100,000 people including the poor and women. The outputs are:
Output 1 is flood protection infrastructure climate-proofed in 10 jamoats.10 It will (i) upgrade and climate-proof flood and mudflow protection infrastructure in 10 locations, including riverbank reinforcement, embankment reconstruction, restoration of stream beds, terracing and planting of trees, and soil stabilization; (ii) establish O&M practices, develop O&M guidelines, and train local units of the responsible agencies; (iii) develop early warning communication systems through the use of modern technologies; (iv) establish disaster risk management committees; and (v) conduct training and disseminate information on the impact of climate change and adaptation measures for local government officials and local institutions such as khashar (mutual self-help groups), mahala (neighborhood associations), and women's committees.
Output 2 is irrigation systems climate-proofed in eight jamoats. It will (i) rehabilitate and climate-proof irrigation canals and network assets, including reconstruction and desilting of drainage and delivery channels and rehabilitation of pumping stations; (ii) pilot a drip irrigation scheme; (iii) strengthen water users' associations; and (iv) provide advice and disseminate information on water resources management and climate-resilient agricultural practices to farmers, local government officials, women's groups, and other stakeholders.
Output 3 is water supply infrastructure climate-proofed in seven jamoats. It will (i) rehabilitate and climate-proof seven rural drinking water supply systems, including rehabilitation, upgrade, and construction of boreholes, provision of new and rehabilitated pumping equipment, and construction of new service reservoirs and water tanks; (ii) establish O&M practices for drinking water supply systems, develop O&M guidelines, and train local units of the responsible agencies; (iii) establish drinking water consumer groups to influence responsible agencies and ensure performance of the water supply facilities; and (iv) raise awareness of health and other risks associated with climate change.
Output 4 is micro credits and micro deposits made available to promote climate resilience in the Pyanj River Basin. It will (i) expand capacity of participating financial institutions (PFIs) in the Pyanj River Basin to accept micro and small deposits and provide micro loans in support of climate-resilient economic activities; (ii) provide credit lines for agricultural improvements (climate-resilient agriculture credit line) and economic diversification (income diversification credit line), particularly targeting women; (iii) strengthen financial literacy of the local population; and (iv) assess the feasibility of collateral insurance linked to credit and, if appropriate, pilot a credit insurance scheme
These outputs were identified and scoped through extensive consultations with government and non-government agencies, local stakeholders and communities in the Pyanj River Basin and were based on the climate change scenarios, vulnerability and impact assessment conducted under the technical assistance Climate Resiliency for Natural Resources Investments (TA7599-TAJ) during the first phase of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR).
More information about the ensuing grant and the grant documents are available at http://www.adb.org/projects/45354-002/main .