The Project has been designed to improve the well-being of poor people, especially the vulnerable and excluded groups, through a series of investments in biogas plants and other CSAWMP assets. During the project implementation, the process of consultation will continue throughout the feasibility study and detailed design phase of each biogas plant and other CSAP investments to afford community groups the opportunity to voice their views on how the Project is to be designed, implemented and operated to benefit them. This will be accomplished through a series of community consultation meetings at commune and district level. Community consultations with ethnic minority groups shall be tailored to the needs of ethnic minorities and conducted in a culturally- appropriate manner.
The community consultation meetings will be carried out by the PPMUs in collaboration with financial intermediaries, the design and safeguard consultants. It will include the participation of representatives from the District People's Committee, the Commune People's Committee, and mass organizations such as the Women's Unions, the Farmers' Union and the Youth Union. The communities will be briefed on all aspects of the Project including the detailed investments and the safeguard issues of environment, social, management and financial aspects of the Project. Women will be particularly encouraged to actively participate in the consultation meetings and voice their opinions and views about the subproject design and implementation arrangements.
240. The community will also be informed of the O&M arrangements for the biogas plants and other CSAP value chain investment and their expected participation in kind or otherwise in this aspect of the work. They will be encouraged to provide ideas and feedback to the design team and raise their concerns regarding potential negative impacts of the biogas plants and other supporting value chain infrastructure on the environment and the welfare of the community.
241. The feedback obtained from these community consultation meetings will be incorporated as necessary in the detailed design of biogas plants and the supporting investments. The process of consultation is expected to build ownership of the biogas plants and other investments by the owners as well as the community and hence foster better sustainability of the investment.
2. Community Participation
242. During planning process, it is anticipated that the community will be mobilized in a number of different ways during the design, implementation and operation of different CSAP investments. Since most of the CSAP assets involved biogas plant construction and other supporting value chain infrastructure, there is a scope for the community to participate in the selection of the site and alignment for instance. Most of the assets are privately owned by households or enterprises. The potential benefits of the investments to the overall communities will be assessed during consultation meetings.
243. During the construction phase of biogas plants and their value chain infrastructure, a significant opportunity for active participation, and for many poor households to benefit from the Project, is in providing wage labor. This will be encouraged through various training for technicians and the bidding documents which will request the contractors to investigate this option whenever possible, especially for MBPs and LBPs. It will also be possible for communities to participate effectively in the supervision of the construction works. The Project will ensure that women and men will be paid equal remuneration for the work of equal value. Child labor will not be allowed; and the measures included in the gender action plan prepared for the Project will be undertaken, and the resources needed for their implementation will be made available, in a timely manner.
244. The community will also be required to participate in the operation and maintenance (O&M) of the completed biogas plants and other value chain infrastructure whenever possible, such as through promotion of the use of bioslurry for organic fertilizers; connection of gas and electricity produced by biogas plants to the neighborhood or public grids; provision of labor or in some cases cost and revenue sharing for common uses of the assets.