Samoa: Community Sanitation Project

Sovereign Project | 45520-001 Status: Active


Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices See also: CMS

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Notices See also: Operational Procurement

No notices are currently available for this project.

Procurement Documents

Title Date
Community Sanitation Project Oct 2013

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Project Name Community Sanitation Project
Project Number 45520-001
Country Samoa
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9166-SAM: Community Sanitation Project
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Water supply and sanitation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome After some initial delays, project implementation picked up pace in 2015. With the current momentum maintained, all civil works are expected to be completed in 2016. All individual consultants are on board. Phase 1 of civil works consisting installation of 190 households started in December 2014 and completed in May 2015. Phase 2 installation to 170 households was successfully completed in July 2015. Phase 3 works comprising 230 households started in September 2015 and is well underway. An approval to Phase 3 works to include an additional 130 septic tanks as a variation was approved in December 2015. Public awareness on the importance of proper septic tank and toilet facilities are continuing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Targeted sanitation scheme is established and in implementation phase (Mar 16)

Installation of plastic septic tanks continuing for selected households. 500 tanks already installed.

Community awareness activities are continuing.

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

Project activities will cover three coastal regions of Samoa - urban Apia, the northeast and northwest.

The project will improve receiving environment conditions, particularly during the dry season. Water quality in open village stormwater drains, nearby streams and along the coastal foreshore should improve in the dry season as currently leaking septage from the worst performing systems will be adequately treated through anaerobic action in the septic tank and ground infiltration. Partly treated and untreated septage from these households should not reach receiving waterbodies, thereby removing this source of pathogens, decreasing nutrient enrichment and in turn improving the health of animal and marine life. Other village amenity values should also improve, including a decrease in odors.

In villages on flood-prone land the improvement in environmental conditions during the wet season may be small as the new septic systems will be subjected to inundation and the release of partly treated sewage. It is worth noting that septic tanks with sealed lids that are flooded should only release a limited amount of septage due to small diameter inflow and outflow pipes. The secondary treatment of effluent by infiltration from the absorption trench in areas with high water table or flooded is likely to be less than optimum due to inadequate soil infiltration, resulting in partly treated spetage seeping onto the ground surface or reaching nearby water bodies.

A broader improvement to the local environment should also result from the project awareness program that will be delivered to approximately 15,000 households in the 3 target regions. It is hoped that households replacing their sanitation systems will construct better systems and that more regular de-sludging of septic tanks will occur.

Grant Reviews:

ADB will conduct a project performance review mission together with the EA twice annually to review the compliance of ADB safeguard policies.

Involuntary Resettlement n/a
Indigenous Peoples n/a
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The project is innovative because the delivery method is integrated within existing government structures and procedures. The government's Sanitation Technical Subsector Committee (STC) will provide project implementation advice, as it does for other sanitation sector projects. 7 Staff from PUMA, the implementing agency, will lead the implementation of the project as part of their regular responsibilities.

The project will help STC members fulfill their sanitation sector mandates. It will provide support to the MWTI to supervise septic tank construction, to PUMA to carry out septic tank inspections, and to the MOH to monitor water quality. Staff from these agencies will not only be trained in these skills but will also carry out their tasks during the pilot and thereby gain valuable hands-on experience in what will remain their responsibilities after the project ends. The government will evaluate the implementation of the pilot as part of its plan to expand the pilot sanitation scheme nationally.

During Project Implementation

Government and community stakeholders will lead the implementation of the project. The STC will advise the implementing agency on project implementation and coordinate the inputs required of the participating government agencies.

The public awareness campaign at the start of the project will disseminate information about the project, eligibility criteria, and subsidy levels in pilot villages and thus generate demand (see component B). Based on this information, each household will decide whether it wants to apply to participate in the scheme. Each completed application will be signed by the local village chief, village mayor, and/or the government liaison officer to verify its information.

Village women's committees will be instrumental in encouraging households to participate and in monitoring septic tank maintenance through their regular surveys.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Vijay Narayan
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Finance
Government of Samoa
Private Bag, Apia, Samoa


Concept Clearance 31 Mar 2011
Fact Finding 06 Jun 2011 to 10 Jun 2011
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 16 Mar 2016

Grant 9166-SAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
31 Jul 2012 29 Aug 2012 29 Aug 2012 31 Jan 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 31 Jul 2012 0.00 1.82 91%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.00 31 Jul 2012 0.00 1.29 65%
Title Document Type Document Date
Community Sanitation Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2014-June 2015) Audited Project Financial Statements May 2016
Community Sanitation Project Procurement Plans Oct 2013
Community Sanitation Project Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction Jul 2012

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Community Sanitation Project Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2011

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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