Cambodia: Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction

Sovereign Project | 46009-002

Summary

Project Impact: Reduced negative impacts of floods and other disasters on the most vulnerable communities in Cambodia.

Outcome: Disaster management capacity at the district and commune level strengthened.

Outputs:

1. Improved Institutional and technical capacity of priority districts on disaster risk reduction and management;

2. Enhanced Capacity of target communes for disaster risk reduction and management;

3. Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction activities implemented; and

4. Effective Project Management

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction
Project Number 46009-002
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9178-CAM: Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.50 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management - Public administration

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

Project Impact: Reduced negative impacts of floods and other disasters on the most vulnerable communities in Cambodia.

Outcome: Disaster management capacity at the district and commune level strengthened.

Outputs:

1. Improved Institutional and technical capacity of priority districts on disaster risk reduction and management;

2. Enhanced Capacity of target communes for disaster risk reduction and management;

3. Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction activities implemented; and

4. Effective Project Management

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Cambodia experiences drought and flood incidents that impact a significant portion of its poor population every year. In 2009, Typhoon Ketsana affected 11 of the 24 provinces and caused a total damage of USD 39 million (NCDM 2009). In 2011, Cambodia suffered extensive and prolonged rains (from August to October) which resulted in unprecedented floods in 18 of the 24 provinces. The flood had widespread impacts on public infrastructure and many communities causing the death of 250 people, USD625 million in damages and affecting more than 1.5 million people (ADB 2012) . As global climate conditions continue to change, Cambodia will experience increasingly unpredictable flood and drought occurrences that may overwhelm the country's limited capacity and resources. As global climate conditions continue to change, Cambodia will experience increasingly unpredictable flood and drought occurrences that may overwhelm the country's limited capacity and resources.

The NCDM, established in 1995, is the country's main disaster management agency to facilitate the inter-ministerial responses to emergency and disaster events. As part of its ongoing investment in disaster response and rehabilitation, the ADB commissioned an Institutional Review and Capacity Assessment of the NCDM. The assessment involved a review of the policies, structure, performance and outputs of NCDM through individual interviews with NCDM staff, line ministries, development partners, NGOs as well as secondary data and observations of coordination meetings over a six-month period.

Findings indicate that NCDM operations are severely challenged with non-functional organizational structures which it attributes largely to the lack of financial resources. At the national level, NCDM meetings do not occur regularly as mandated and for the past several years, government ministries and stakeholders have only met as a result of emergencies and disasters. The NCDM's General Secretariat is also not operating effectively. Neither the NCDM General Secretariat nor any of its operational departments have developed annual action or operating plans, nor have any of them been provided with annual operating budgets. At the sub-national level, the Disaster Management (DM) committees have likewise been given the responsibility to lead disaster management efforts at their respective administrative levels without being provided adequate resources. Conditions at the sub-national level are actually more challenging considering they are front-line actors that have to address the direct effects and impact of emergencies and disaster events Their operations are also constrained by the lack of clear cut guidelines and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) covering their roles and responsibilities in relation to each other (i.e., PCDM-DCDM-CCDM), with the NCDM and with the different local and international organizations that usually respond to emergencies and disasters.

The current NSDP 2009-2013, recognizes disaster risk reduction and its correlation to poverty in the country. Strengthening community resilience to disasters should be a priority agenda as this contributes to poverty alleviation and to the general improvement in quality of life, the primary objectives of the government. The introduction of hazards and vulnerability assessments, early warning systems, emergency response plans, and community preparedness and recovery plans will enable local communities to directly address their specific vulnerabilities and address primary contributors to poverty in the country.

ADB's Strategy for 2020 includes commitment to support Disaster and Emergency Assistance along with core areas of infrastructure, environment and climate change. The current ADB Country Partnership Strategy (2011-2013) addresses the cross-cutting challenges of environment and climate change and decentralization and deconcentration (D&D), and was informed by the Special Evaluation Study on ADB's Response to Natural Disasters and Disaster Risks , ADB is supporting the RGC in developing two proposals that will address the existing issues and structural weaknesses of the country's disaster management capacities: (i) a technical assistance project to address disaster management issues at the national (policy) level, at the NCDM secretariat, and at the Provincial level; and (ii) a grant project (this project) that will complement the planned institutional strengthening by institutionalizing community based disaster risk reduction and coordination through localized structures at the district and commune levels.

The multi-level capacity building nature of the proposed project falls under the theme of public sector management, which forms the base for improved operations of projects in all ADB target sectors . In addition, as part of ADB's support to the government's decentralization agenda, ADB commits to working with emerging or existing decentralization structures.

Impact Improved preparedness at district and commune level to respond to natural disasters in Cambodia.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved disaster management and response capacity at the district and commune level to address natural disasters.
Progress Toward Outcome Project teams have been formed for the executing agency and implementing agencies and imprest accounts have been established.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Institutional and technical capacity of priority districts on disaster risk reduction and management improved

Capacity of target communes for disaster risk reduction and management enhanced.

Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation activities implemented

Effective Project Management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) It is too early to assess
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects No impact
Involuntary Resettlement

No Impact. Components A and B will involve capacity development, and Component D will improve

project management and none of the three components involve land acquisition and involuntary resettlement.

Component C: Community-based DRR Actions will include the rehabilitation or construction of DRR infrastructure for

demonstration. Rehabilitation works will be within existing community structures and any new construction will be in

vacant government land. The project will not cause displacement.

Indigenous Peoples

Capacity development, improved project management, and DRR actions will benefit all households

in the project areas. The beneficiary dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, culture or resources will not be

adversely affected by the project.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

As part of the project preparation process, a mapping of current actions on disaster management was conducted. An ADB consultant interviewed relevant development organizations (UN Agencies, NGOs and donor agencies) specialized in or implementing humanitarian response, disaster risk reduction or disaster recovery projects. In addition to current work in disaster management, the respondents provided feedback on their engagement with NCDM and line ministries and identified areas where the country's disaster coordination could be improved. These organizations also identified technical areas where their expertise may be tapped for capacity building activities at the national and sub-national level through direct engagement with the project or independently.

Further, the project design is also informed by the results of the institutional capacity assessment of the NCDM and its sub-national units. Interviews were conducted with NCDM staff from all departments and relevant staff from line ministries, NCDDS and MEF. Among the areas discussed are cross-sectoral communication and individual or joint action on disaster management. The results of the assessment were presented to NCDM in March 2013, the proposed project activities were assessed being responsive to the issues raised. A joint consultation meeting between government agencies, development partners and NGOs were held on 12 April 2013 to review the proposed actions, seek collaboration, harness synergies and avoid potential duplication.

During Project Implementation

During the Project Implementation, regular coordination meetings and information sharing will be conducted with other stakeholders including development partners and NGOs to promote synergy between projects and avoid overlapping.

Currently, the NCDM and NCDDS are in the processing of developing the project six month implementation plan.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The Grant will require an estimated 198 person-months of national consultant inputs, to be engaged

through individual consultant section (ICS) process in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the

Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time)

Procurement There are small-scale civil works contracts at district level and equipments to be procured by using shopping procedure
Responsible ADB Officer Chanthou Hem
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
National Committee for Disaster ManagementH.E. Ross Sovann, Deputy Secretary Generalross.sovann@gmail.comNew Building, St. 516, Sangkat Toul Sangke, Khan Russey Keo
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Dec 2013
Fact Finding 17 Dec 2013 to 31 Dec 2013
MRM -
Approval 03 Oct 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2015

Grant 9178-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Oct 2014 27 Oct 2014 27 Oct 2014 31 Aug 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 03 Oct 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.50 03 Oct 2014 0.00 0.00 0%

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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