Regional: Joint Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases in the People’s Republic of China and Mongolia

Sovereign Project | 46025-001

Summary

1. The technical assistance (TA) is designed at the request of the governments of the PRC and Mongolia to assist in formulating policy recommendations for establishment of a subregional mechanism for joint prevention and control of transboundary animal diseases(TADs) in Northeast Asia and conduct of priority capacity building programs. Where necessary and appropriate, the TA will encourage and support the participation of other parties concerned in Northeast Asia, particularly in the area of information exchange and knowledge sharing.

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Project Name Joint Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases in the People’s Republic of China and Mongolia
Project Number 46025-001
Country Regional
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8220-REG: Joint Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases in the People s Republic of China and Mongolia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 250,000.00
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 250,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Livestock
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

1. The technical assistance (TA) is designed at the request of the governments of the PRC and Mongolia to assist in formulating policy recommendations for establishment of a subregional mechanism for joint prevention and control of transboundary animal diseases(TADs) in Northeast Asia and conduct of priority capacity building programs. Where necessary and appropriate, the TA will encourage and support the participation of other parties concerned in Northeast Asia, particularly in the area of information exchange and knowledge sharing.

2. The PRC and Mongolia face a common threat posed by TADs, in particular foot and mouth disease, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (also known as blue-ear pig disease), and highly pathogenic avian influenza. The two countries share a border stretching 4,700 kilometers. Animal husbandry plays an important role in the economic development of border provinces of both countries and is vulnerable to TADs. Recurrent outbreaks in domestic and wild animals have caused tremendous harm to animal health and safety. They also pose serious threats to human health and may cause huge economic losses. The International Federation for Animal Health reported that an outbreak of foot and mouth disease from November 2010 to April 2011 in the PRC, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Mongolia required the culling of 3.5 million animals and an emergency vaccination program, inflicting losses of $2.8 billion.

3. Animal diseases incur costs in terms of (i) lost production, which disproportionally affects herders and farmers in rural and border areas who are often economically vulnerable; (ii) resources needed to monitor and control outbreaks; and (iii) harm to human health and welfare. When animal diseases cross borders, as often happens, costs are even higher, and prevention and control become more complex and difficult. In a rapidly globalized economy, TADs can trigger trade restrictions on animal products, especially meat, dairy, and leather goods. Mongolia is vulnerable to such trade restrictions because animal product exports are important revenue sources for the country.

4. The persistence and spread of TADs stem from various factors, including the migration of wild animals, illegal border trade in animal products, and cross-border grazing. The lack of a cross-border and regional mechanism for policy dialogue, information sharing, and joint action worsens the situation. Weak capacity for TAD control particularly in terms of surveillance, data collection and analysis, laboratory testing, and community monitoring and emergency response in rural and border areas is another constraint on TAD prevention and control. In the PRC and Mongolia, as in many other developing countries, veterinary services urgently need bolstering. To prevent the spread of TADs across the borders, countries need to adopt effective measures nationally and through regional cooperation.

5. The TA's impact will be strengthened regional cooperation to prevent and control TADs in the PRC, Mongolia, and more broadly in the CAREC region. The outcome will be a well-functioning institutional mechanism for cooperation to jointly prevent and control TADs in the PRC and Mongolia.

6. The impact and outcome will be achieved through the following outputs:

(i) a study report on establishing a mechanism for PRC-Mongolia cooperation to jointly control major TADs, which will recommend policies and steps toward establishing

such a mechanism and analyze the feasibility of and options for involving other countries and parties in Central Asia;

(ii) a manual on community-level TAD prevention and control to guide animal health workers in the border communities of the two countries;

(iii) enhanced capacity for TAD prevention and control in PRC and Mongolian border provinces achieved by preparing a 5-year capacity-development plan and organizing

training workshops; and

(iv) policy briefs and/or best practice notes for senior decision makers of the PRC and Mongolia.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

1. Strategy 2020 highlights regional cooperation and integration (RCI) as one of five core operational areas. In line with the strategy, ADB will increase support for RCI to include it in at least 30% of its activities.

2. The PRC and Mongolia attach great importance to RCI. Both are active in RCI initiatives, including the ADB-led CAREC Program and the United Nations-led Greater Tumen Initiative and Northeast Asia Economic Cooperation Forum. The PRC country partnership strategy, 2011-2015 identified regional cooperation as one of three pillars of ADB assistance, using ADB's RCI programs to enhance regional infrastructure connectivity, facilitate cross-border trade and investment, and promote regional public goods. The Mongolia country partnership strategy, 2012 2016 treats regional cooperation as a crosscutting theme. Regional cooperation is critically important for Mongolia as a landlocked country, offering it opportunities to strengthen infrastructure and trade links with its neighbors, diversify its economy, and realize its growth potential.

3. Since 2007, ADB has been providing TA to develop and implement regional cooperation programs between PRC and Mongolia in the priority areas of transport, trade facilitation (customs cooperation and logistics development), and power trade where initial, but important, progress has been achieved. The two countries have recently agreed to explore new areas of cooperation, and the sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) area is regarded as a new priority for cooperation. The two countries have further agreed that joint prevention and control of TAEs will be a key task to start with and focus on.

4. On 2 November 2011, a memorandum of understanding on animal health cooperation was signed by the Bureau of Veterinary Service of the PRC's Ministry of Agriculture and by Mongolia's Department of Veterinary and Animal Breeding. The memorandum commits the two countries to taking joint efforts to prevent and control TADs. Both countries have also emphasized the need to cooperate with other CAREC countries and are seeking ADB support for launching a regional platform for cooperation on TAD control and other sanitary and phytosanitary issues. The TA supports cooperation between the PRC and Mongolia and more broadly in the CAREC in this new and important area. It will help the two countries formulate policy recommendations toward establishing a regional mechanism for the joint prevention and control of TADs and conduct priority capacity-building programs. Where necessary and appropriate, the TA will encourage and support the participation of other parties in Central Asia, particularly in information exchange and knowledge sharing.

5. The TA will contribute to realization of the objectives of the ADB's RCI Strategy , particularly those related to facilitating cross-border trade (Pillar 2) and promoting regional public goods (Pillar 4). Enhanced control of TADs will not only reduce barriers to trade of various animal products among countries, but also help strengthen commitments from regional governments to preventing communicable diseases collectively. The TA will also be a pilot of the SPS cooperation which is being launched as a new priority activity in the CAREC trade facilitation program.

Impact Regional cooperation to prevent and control TADs in the PRC and Mongolia strengthened
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome A well-functioning institutional mechanism for cooperation to jointly prevent and control TADs established
Progress Toward Outcome The TA is helping PRC and MON set up a joint work group on animal disease control.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Report on establishing a mechanism for PRC Mongolia cooperation to jointly control major TADs

2. Manual on community prevention and control of major TADs

3. Enhanced capacity for TAD prevention and control in PRC and Mongolian border provinces

4. Policy briefs and/or best practice notes for senior decision makers prepared

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

TA inception meeting was organized in November 2013 in Beijing, PRC.

A joint expert team on control of transboundary animal diseases, comprising of an international consultant, two PRC and two Monglian national consultants, has been set up to (i) prepare an operational manual for grass-root animal health workers, covering 5 major TADs; and (ii) prepare a capacity development plan for joint control of TADs. These activities are expected to be completed by first half of 2015. The TA will need an extension of completion date by about 6 months.

TA implementation encountered some delay due to resignation of the two MON national consultants. A replacement has been recruited.

TA organized a PRC-MON-Russia tripartite meeting on joint control of animal diseases on 20-23 August 2014 in Hailaer, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of the PRC, in collaboration with FAO and OIE (World Animal Health Organization).

TA activities planned for 2014 (and first half of 2015) include:

(1) finalizing and disseminating the operational manual;

(2) finalizing and disseminating the capacity building plan;

(3) continuing to organize PRC-MON joint working group meeting on control of TADs;

(4) organize one training for MON animal health workers on lab dignosis of selected animal diseases in collaboration with China National Lab.

The international consultant (team leader) resigned due to personal reasons in February 2015. The project encountered some delay. Recruitment of the new team leader is under way. TA activities are expected to complete by July 2015.

The TA completion date was extended to 31 December 2015.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design This TA is designed at the request of the governments of the PRC and Mongolia. ADB has held preliminary discussions during the fact-finding phase with the government representatives about the objective and key activities of the TA.
During Project Implementation More consultations with stakeholders, including government agencies, animal health research institutes, local communities engaged in animal husbandry, will be organized during TA implementation. The issue of involving non-governmental and other civil society organizations will be further explored. Findings and recommendations from sanitary and phytosanitary studies commissioned by ADB for the CAREC will also be taken into consideration in implementing the TA.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB will engage consultants and resource persons as individuals based on their qualifications and experience and in accordance with ADB Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Office equipment will be procured in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time) and transferred to the implementing agencies upon TA completion.
Responsible ADB Officer Yuebin Zhang
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Mgt, Financial Sector and Regional Coop Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 13 Apr 2012
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 21 Nov 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2015

TA 8220-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Nov 2012 - 21 Nov 2012 31 Dec 2014 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 21 Nov 2012 141,076.28

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