China, People's Republic of: Highway Safety and Information System Development

Sovereign Project | 46033-001

Summary

At the annual country programming mission in December 2011, the Government requested ADB to provide policy advisory technical assistance (PATA) for a study to support Highway Safety and Information System Development. The TA will be one of the main activities of the strategic promotion program of "Internet-of-Thing" (IOT) in the 12th Five-Year National Development Plan. The TA will support the envisaged Highway and Waterway Transport Information Development under the 12th Five-Year National Development Plan.

The TA will build upon a previous ADB TA "PRC: Improving Road Safety through the Application of Intelligent Transport Systems (2011)" which examined the general architecture for ITS, focusing on fixed network based ITS. The proposed TA is intended to support the development of a policy for a mobile communication based ITS.

Latest Project Documents


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Project Name Highway Safety and Information System Development
Project Number 46033-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8209-PRC: Highway Safety and Information System Development
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

At the annual country programming mission in December 2011, the Government requested ADB to provide policy advisory technical assistance (PATA) for a study to support Highway Safety and Information System Development. The TA will be one of the main activities of the strategic promotion program of "Internet-of-Thing" (IOT) in the 12th Five-Year National Development Plan. The TA will support the envisaged Highway and Waterway Transport Information Development under the 12th Five-Year National Development Plan.

The TA will build upon a previous ADB TA "PRC: Improving Road Safety through the Application of Intelligent Transport Systems (2011)" which examined the general architecture for ITS, focusing on fixed network based ITS. The proposed TA is intended to support the development of a policy for a mobile communication based ITS.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

From 1995 to 2010, expressway road crash deaths increased tenfold from 616 persons to 6,300 persons, growing at an average annual rate of 17.9%. Expressways vehicle-kilometers driven accounted for only 1.9% of highway vehicle-kilometers driven in 2010, but expressway deaths made up 13.5% of highway traffic deaths. The average annual accident fatality rate for expressways was 27.8% during the period 1995 to 2010, which was 1.3 times higher than the accident fatality rate for highway traffic accidents.

Road congestion has become a major issue in the PRC, especially near to cities where congestion levels are highest. The costs of congestion include lost time and higher transport costs. While detailed congestion cost studies are not available for the PRC, in other Asian developing member countries the annual cost of congestion often amounts to 2%-5% of gross domestic product (GDP).

Tailpipe emissions from vehicles are the single largest human-made source of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxides (NOx) and methane. Vehicles that are stationary, idling and traveling in a stop-go pattern due to congestion emit more than those traveling in free flow conditions. With expected rapid growth in CO2 emissions in the PRC and other large developing countries, global CO2 emissions from transport are projected to increase nearly 50% by 2030. This will have profound environmental, economic and social consequences -- both in the PRC and globally -- unless the means can be introduced for reducing this growth in emissions.

Mobile network based ITS offers a major opportunity for introducing new technologies that can augment efforts to address these major problems. For the prevention of traffic accidents, such ITS can reduce the risk of crashes by providing drivers with warnings when dangerous situations arise. For congestion management, use of V2I, together with use of anonymous information from passengers' wireless devices relayed through wireless transmission media, can dramatically improve the quality and quantity of real-time information on traffic conditions that is available to transport agencies, making it easier for them to manage transportation systems for maximum efficiency and minimum congestion. V2V and V2I technologies can also enable travelers to avoid traffic jams by changing their route, time and mode of travel, based on up-to-the-minute conditions. With reduced congestion, vehicles can operate at more efficient speeds that have lower emissions. By directly and individually receiving traffic and incident information, traffic managers and drivers also have a better understanding of the potential environmental impacts of their transport management decisions in real time.

Mobile network based ITS has potential for replacing or supplementing existing and future ITS development due to its effectiveness in operation and cost, and the rapid proliferation of mobile based communication infrastructure development.

Impact Establishment of a mobile-communication-based ITS development policy for improving safety, mobility, and environmental sustainability of the NTHS
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Development plan for connected vehicle (V2V and V2I) technologies for ITS on the NTHS prepared on the basis of identified commercial and public sector perspectives, and issues affecting connected vehicle development
Progress Toward Outcome Will be assessed during project implementation.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Review of connected vehicle research and development in advanced countries and the PRC, and related international standards

2. Evaluation of commercial and public sector perspectives of connected vehicle development in the PRC

3. Review of issues affecting connected vehicle development in the PRC

4. Capacity development for executing agency staff and other key stakeholders

5. A policy note on developing connected-vehicle-based ITS for the PRC highways

6. Policy-oriented knowledge products and services on mobile-communication-based ITS for DMCs

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) All activities under the TA have been completed.
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The executing agency will chair a multistakeholder coordination committee to support participation in the TA by other key public and private agencies with interests in and responsibilities for highway management, ITS technologies, road safety, and other fields relevant to the TA.
During Project Implementation The consulting team is conducting stakeholder consultation with 9 identified groups including automobile equipment manufacturer, mobile communication service providers, road user group, highway operators, etc.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The TA consultant will provide the executing agency (EA) with advice in designing, performing and evaluating the tests of V2V and V2l technologies. The EA plans to perform technical testing of V2V and V2I on a 10 km section of national highway G4 located near Changsha City in Hunan Province. The section is equipped with five WiMax base stations and one China Mobile Multimedia Broadcasting station. As these communications infrastructure facilities do not currently support V2V and V2I implementation, the test activity needs to be considered as a part of the tasks of identifying technological issues for developing connected vehicle in the PRC.

The TA will require 9 person-months of international and 18 person-months of national consulting services to carry out the terms of reference (Appendix 3). International and national individual consultants and firms will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). The selection of the consulting firm and individual consultants will use QCBS with a quality-cost ratio of 80:20.

Responsible ADB Officer Ki-Joon Kim
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Transportation (formerly Min of Comm)10 Fuxing Road
Beijing 100845
People's Republic of China
Timetable
Concept Clearance 04 Sep 2012
Fact Finding 03 Sep 2012 to 04 Sep 2012
MRM -
Approval 06 Nov 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2015

TA 8209-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Nov 2012 11 Dec 2012 11 Dec 2012 30 Jun 2014 31 Mar 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 06 Nov 2012 387,250.12

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.