China, People's Republic of: Jilin Urban Development Project

Sovereign Project | 46048-002

Summary

The project will address urgent infrastructure needs, introduce best practices, and pilot innovative municipal services solutions to develop Baishan and Baicheng cities in Jilin Province (in the northeast region of the PRC) as livable and resource-efficient medium-sized cities. It will make provision for (i) urban roads and municipal services in Baicheng that promote people-centered urban transport; (ii) the introduction of integrated solid waste management (ISWM) in both cities, based on the reduce, reuse, recycle (3R) principle that includes composting solutions; and (iii) improvement of water supply services in Baishan, emphasizing water conservation, water supply safety, and energy efficiency.

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Project Name Jilin Urban Development Project
Project Number 46048-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3211-PRC: Jilin Urban Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will address urgent infrastructure needs, introduce best practices, and pilot innovative municipal services solutions to develop Baishan and Baicheng cities in Jilin Province (in the northeast region of the PRC) as livable and resource-efficient medium-sized cities. It will make provision for (i) urban roads and municipal services in Baicheng that promote people-centered urban transport; (ii) the introduction of integrated solid waste management (ISWM) in both cities, based on the reduce, reuse, recycle (3R) principle that includes composting solutions; and (iii) improvement of water supply services in Baishan, emphasizing water conservation, water supply safety, and energy efficiency.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The PRC's National New Urbanization Plan, 2014 2020 aims to increase the urbanization rate from the current 54% to 60% by 2020 (representing about 100 million new urban residents), and to 70% by 2030 (equal to about 300 million new urban residents). Urbanization is perceived as a means to sustain economic growth through domestic consumption, and to achieve more balanced development by directing the future urban population away from large cities. The strategy focuses on the development of medium-sized cities (in which more than one-third of the urban population lives) as an important means of absorbing future urban residents in a sustainable, inclusive, and efficient manner. These cities have the potential to generate sufficient economies of scale to cluster local economic activities, while their proximity to the rural population supports rural and urban integration, and balances the development of industry and job markets nationally and in each province. Although they benefit from some advantages, they suffer from a deficit of infrastructure and municipal services, resulting in environmental pollution and constrained economic development. The capacity of medium-sized cities to pilot, implement, and replicate efficient urban infrastructure and municipal service delivery best practices will play an essential role in the quality and livability of the country's urban development.

Development in Jilin Province is centered in the cities of Changchun and Jilin, and improvements barely reach the remote, less-developed prefectures in the southeast and northwest, where Baishan (480,000 residents) and Baicheng (330,000 residents) cities, respectively, are located. The Jilin provincial government (JPG) has formulated a strategy that prioritizes development of the two cities, seeking to increase economic activity, decrease the poverty rates in their respective areas, and balance development within the province.

Critical infrastructure gaps that prevent sustainable development of Baichang and Baishan cities have been identified. Residential areas in western Baicheng the Baicheng Economic Development Zone (BEDZ) have grown without proper access to central municipal services. An estimated 25,000 residents are not yet connected to the central wastewater treatment plant, and discharge wastewater into the surrounding environment or into unimproved septic tanks. A rational road network is absent within the BEDZ to provide adequate urban services to the existing population, properly connects the area to the rest of Baicheng, and facilitate the development of mixed-function areas to accommodate future residents and economic activities. The city's current road design allows little room for promoting public and nonmotorized transport.

The current daily generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) is 420 wet tons per day (t/d) in Baicheng and 330 wet t/d in Baishan. In Baicheng, a new sanitary landfill is under construction. In Baishan, the existing landfill is being rehabilitated and will reach its maximum capacity in 3 years. In the two cities, solid waste management relies on truck and dump operations, with little consideration for 3R principles, and limited disposal options. This results in pollution and inefficient use of waste resources.

Baishan's water supply has reached its full capacity and cannot ensure 24-hour water services. Currently, 30% of the population (144,000 people) lacks full-time access to water. The recent decline in the quality and quantity of the main water source (Dayangcha River) in Jiangyuan district combined with the growing population of Hunjiang district are putting Baishan's water supply safety at significant risk. Previously inadequate technical standards, aging pipes, and poor water supply dispatching efficiency have resulted in nonrevenue water (NRW) in Baishan reaching 65%; this in turn has caused inefficient water use, loss of income, and excessive energy consumption.

Impact Improved economic growth, resource efficiency, and quality of life in Baicheng and Baishan cities.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved delivery and efficiency of municipal services in Baicheng and Baishan cities.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved urban infrastructure in Baicheng.

2. Integrated solid waste management system in Baicheng.

3. Integrated solid waste management system in Baishan.

4. Improved water supply management in Baishan.

5. Improved capacity and institutional arrangements

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Jilin Province
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The environmental safeguard category is "B". Environmental impacts will be assessed in detail during project preparation and a project initial environmental examination, including environmental management plan, will be prepared and disclosed on ADB's website in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).
Involuntary Resettlement The involuntary resettlement safeguard category is "A". It is expected that land acquisition will have minimal impacts on land-based livelihoods. Draft resettlement plans will be prepared for those components involving land acquisition and house demolition. The resettlement plans will be finalized and disclosed before the management review meeting in accordance with the Safeguard Policy Statement. The total affected persons from involuntary resettlement are preliminary estimated to be 250.
Indigenous Peoples The indigenous peoples safeguard category is "C".
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The project is designed in close consultation with (i) the national government, (ii) Jilin provincial government and two cities' municipal governments, [including at both provincial and municipal level (a) environmental protection bureau, (b) land resources bureau, (c) financial bureau, (d) housing and construction bureau, (e) development and reform commission, (f) water affair bureau, (g) urban planning department]; and (iii) the following main stakeholders: urban investment and construction company, design institutes, ethnic minority and poverty bureaus, adversely affected people, and project beneficiaries.

The PPTA conducted a poverty and social analysis and address social safeguards. A socioeconomic survey, stakeholder workshops, focus group discussions, and informant interviews will be conducted during the PPTA. This work was complemented by survey and consultations done under the resettlement and environmental safeguards. As referenced earlier, scoping for the indigenous peoples safeguard took place, including necessary consultations and assessment.

During Project Implementation Project information will be communicated through public consultation, information disclosure mechanism in ADB's and government's website, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with ADB's requirements of information disclosure policy.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services In accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time), a consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a ratio of 90:10 using the simplified technical proposal procedure.
Responsible ADB Officer Arnaud Heckmann
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Jilin Provincial GovernmentLUWEIUS@YAHOO.COMChangchun City
Jilin
Timetable
Concept Clearance 13 Sep 2012
Fact Finding 15 Jan 2014 to 28 Jan 2014
MRM 30 May 2014
Approval 05 Dec 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 24 Mar 2015

Loan 3211-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Dec 2014 27 Feb 2015 08 May 2015 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 386.84 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 150.00 05 Dec 2014 2.64 0.00 2%
Counterpart 236.84 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 05 Dec 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Title Document Type Document Date
Loan Agreement for Jilin Urban Development Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Feb 2015
Project Agreement for Jilin Urban Development Project Project/Program Agreement Feb 2015
Jilin Urban Development Project: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Nov 2014
Jilin Urban Development Project: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Nov 2014
Jilin Urban Development Project: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2014
Jilin Urban Development Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Oct 2014
吉林城市发展: 项目数据表 Translated PDS Jan 2013
Jilin Urban Services Improvement Project Technical Assistance Reports Sep 2012
Jilin Urban Services Improvement Project Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Sep 2012

Evaluation Documents

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