The project is environment category A, reflecting the urban lake and river enhancement with significant earthwork and sediment dredging. An environmental impact assessment, including an environmental management plan (EMP), was drafted and disclosed on the ADB website on 20 January 2014. The project will generate environmental benefits: (i) about 1,920 tons of total nitrogen and 486 tons of total phosphorus will be removed from the project lakes through dredging; (ii) the constructed wetlands will remove 171 tons of chemical oxygen demand, 49 tons of total nitrogen, and 1.1 tons of total phosphorus each year from the project lakes and subsequently the Yangtze River; and (iii) the wetlands will provide breeding, feeding, nesting, and resting habitats for wildlife including migratory water birds. The environmental impact assessment confirms that the climate change risk to project activities is low. Precipitation in the project area is unlikely to change and average runoff will slightly decrease. The project's resilience to predicted increases in climate variability (precipitation and runoff) will be strengthened through improved hydraulic retention and carrying capacity of urban lakes and rivers. This was confirmed through hydraulic modeling of the Baitan Lake water level under a climate change scenario with increased precipitation intensity. Project construction has potential impacts on the environment. Dust and noise generated by construction activities will be a nuisance to nearby residents. Discharge of supernatant water from the dredged sediment disposal sites could potentially pollute nearby water bodies. Dredging will stir up the sediment, releasing suspended solids and nutrients into the water column affecting water quality and ecology. No significant impact is expected during operation. HMG is increasing existing wastewater and solid waste collection and treatment capacity within NED to accommodate future needs and ensure adequate point source pollution control. The impact of the sluice gates on fish migration will not be significant. The solid waste transfer station and the project associated water diversion pumping stations may induce minor noise and odor impacts. All impacts are expected to be prevented or minimized to an acceptable level through effective implementation of the EMP. HPMO and HUCIC will assume overall responsibility for implementing, supervising, monitoring, and reporting on the EMP and will appoint full-time staff to coordinate and monitor EMP implementation. Environment and wetland experts and an ornithologist will support the work. HPMO will also hire an external environment monitor. Affected persons and stakeholders were consulted during the environmental impact assessment. The EMP includes a grievance redress mechanism, which was discussed and agreed upon with HPMO and HUCIC.
The recruitment of external environment monitor is being processed.
The project is resettlement category A. It will affect eight villages or communities in the project area. A total of 9,477.7 mu of land will be occupied permanently, including 798.6 mu of collective land and 8,679.1 mu of state-owned land. A total of 77.5 mu of land will be occupied temporarily and a total of 4,736.5 square meters (m2) of residential housing and 11,038 m2 of nonresidential building will be demolished. Land acquisition will affect 318 households, entities, and/or stores with 1,140 persons physically displaced, and 42 households with 184 persons temporarily affected, totaling 360 households with 1,324 persons affected.A resettlement plan and a due diligence report were prepared in line with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and endorsed by HMG. The plan was disclosed to the affected persons and uploaded on the ADB website on 17 March 2014. Compensation for lost assets and resettlement allowances will be paid to those affected. Livelihood rehabilitation arrangements in accordance with the resettlement plan should be made prior to the commencement of the related civil works. HPMO and HUCIC will assume responsibility for planning, implementing, financing, and reporting on land acquisition and resettlement. A grievance redress mechanism was established. An external resettlement and social monitor will be engaged to conduct semiannual monitoring and evaluation of resettlement implementation.
The recruitment of external resettlement and social monitor is being processed.
|During Project Design
Meaningful public consultations on environment, health and safety issues have been conducted during preparation of the planning and project environmental impact reports and environmental impact assessment (EIA). Information disclosure and consultation included: internet disclosure; informal communication with key stakeholders which include residents, local authorities and sector specific institutions and authorities; questionnaire surveys; interviews; and discussion forums attended by affected people and other concerned stakeholders. Plans for public involvement during construction and operation stages have been developed during project preparation. These plans include public participation in (i) monitoring impacts and mitigation measures during the construction and operation stages through informal interviews and disclosure of monitoring reports; and (ii) interviewing the public at project completion stage.
All of the affected persons and municipal governments have been involved in the project impact and social-economic survey. Through meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, public consultation workshops, and community consultation meetings, local representatives have participated in the planning and concerns have been integrated into the resettlement plan. Before implementation, HPMO and HUCIC will further discuss and consult with the representatives of the affected persons the impacts and detailed compensation plan to ensure affected persons' interests are protected and to provide employment opportunities for the affected persons' livelihoods as a result of project implementation. HPMO and HUCIC will disclose the draft resettlement plan in offices and to affected people in the local language. The resettlement plan will be posted on the ADB website. Resettlement information booklets will be distributed to affected households. This booklet contains information such as the affected project area, proposed land acquisition and relocation implementation progress and procedure, compensation standards for land acquisition, relocation assistance and livelihood restoration strategy. The implementing agency will establish project resettlement unit for supervision of implementation, continued public consultation, monitoring of progress, and response to grievances. The grievance redress mechanism has been established and explanations will be included in the resettlement information booklets.
Consultations with communities will take place at different points in the preparation and implementation of the GAP and SAP within the project, and will be designed not only to inform people about the project or specific activities related to its preparation and implementation, but also to enable people in the community to ask questions, make suggestions, state preferences, and express concerns. Special attention will be made for the participation of women and any other vulnerable groups, such as the poor. GAP and SAP indicators will be monitored and reported semiannually and verified by external resettlement and social monitor
|During Project Implementation
||Public involvement during construction stage include public participation in (i) monitoring impacts and mitigation measures through informal interviews and disclosure of monitoring reports; and (ii) interviewing the public at project completion stage. The implementing agency will establish project resettlement unit for supervision of implementation, continued public consultation, monitoring of progress, and response to grievances.