||The environmental impact assessment report prepared for the project is based on the domestic environmental impact assessment report, as well as the consultant's report on the project preparatory technical assistance; and complies with the environmental policy of the People's Republic of China and Asian Development Bank's (ADB's) Safeguard Policy Statement. It concludes that the project will have substantial positive environmental and socioeconomic benefits resulting from (i) improved urban water channels, lakes, and Huai River; (ii) improved management of water and ecology in the lakes; and (iii) improved flood management. Environmental concerns of the project include construction impacts on air, noise, and water quality; solid waste; and disturbance to some water birds. These will be prevented or minimized to acceptable levels through the implementation of an environmental management plan with adequate mitigation and monitoring arrangements. The plan includes a detailed training program to ensure the Hhuainan municipal government has adequate capacity to manage and monitor environmental impacts and risks. The environmental impact assessment report was disclosed on ADB website on 28 May 2013.
||The project will acquire a total of 126 hectares of land; 248 hectares will be occupied temporarily. The project will demolish 17,257 square meters of housing and 780 square meters of small business shops. It will affect 2,075 people, 1,451 of these will lose more than 10% of their productive assets and/or be physically displaced. The Huainan municipal government (HMG), with the assistance of consultants engaged under the project preparatory technical assistance, prepared a resettlement plan in line with Asian Development Bank's (ADB's) Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and related laws and regulations of Huainan Municipality, Anhui Province, and the People's Republic of China. The HMG has endorsed the resettlement plan and disclosed the relevant information to affected people. The resettlement plan was also disclosed on ADB website. The HMG will fully finance CNY292.1 million of land acquisition and resettlement costs. The ADB loan will finance the costs for semiannual external resettlement monitoring and evaluation. The HMG has experience in conducting land acquisition and resettlement for foreign-funded projects and has the capacity to implement the resettlement plan for this project.
|During Project Implementation
Consultation during design of the project and participation during implementation with activities, such as a public-hearing process for adjusting wastewater collection fees, will involve more than 600 households. The project management office (PMO) and a pilot community will develop a community participation manual. These processes are reflected in the consultation and participation (C&P) plan, gender action plan (GAP), social action plan (SAP), loan assurances, design and monitoring framework, and project administration manual (PAM), with appropriate budget for consulting services under the project and an associated technical assistance.
A community environmental supervision and flood management team (CESFMT), comprising three community members including at least one female member, will be established in each of the eight pilot communities. CESFMTs will increase the environmental awareness of community residents to eliminate improper disposal of solid waste and waste dumping into urban water channels, and make community residents aware of the flood warning system and flood response plan.
During detailed design and implementation of each project output, the C&P plan will be implemented, including the participation of stakeholders in detailed design and disclosure of relevant information, consultation on resettlement programs with affected persons and disclosure of the resettlement plan, disclosure of the environmental impact assessment plan, disclosure of wastewater and solid waste treatment plants and their structure, disclosure of construction programs and relevant information, increase of public environmental awareness and public health knowledge, holding of a hearing for water and wastewater tariff increases, development and disclosure of community participation manual, and participation in and disclosure of the flood warning and management program.