The project is classified as category B for environment. An initial environmental examination and an environmental management plan (EMP) were prepared, and are consistent with the requirements set out in ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The initial environmental examination incorporates the results of the domestic environmental assessment report approved by the Shantou Municipality Environmental Protection Bureau. Consultations to raise public awareness of the project and receive stakeholders' inputs were conducted with communities and local government agencies. The conclusions and recommendations of assessments and consultations were integrated in the project design. The initial environmental examination and EMP were disclosed on ADB website on 25 October 2013. CDG will be responsible for EMP implementation, including monitoring, mitigation, reporting, and corrective actions or measures. The project management office will have final responsibility for handling any disputes in the grievance redress mechanism. The institutional capacity of the implementing agencies to enforce the EMP is weak, and the project will include a capacity development program to ensure compliance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. Implementation of the EMP, including capacity development programs, is expected to prevent or minimize potential impacts.
The project is expected to achieve environmental benefits, including water quality improvement, better water supply services to a large majority of residents in Chaonan District, climate change adaptation, reduced water and energy losses, and better health by alleviating drinking water endemics. No major adverse impacts were identified. Potential construction impacts include air, noise, and water pollution; fugitive dust; soil erosion and contamination; solid waste disposal; interference with traffic and municipal facilities; land acquisition and resettlement; and occupational and community health and safety. Potential operational impacts include noise and energy use of the WSP pumps, occupational health and safety during WSP operation, and the need to maintain protection efforts at the three reservoirs to minimize nonpoint source pollution from agriculture and rubbish dumping by local communities. A water balance assessment was conducted, and potential environment-related livelihood impacts were assessed. No irrigated land will be reduced, and water allocated for environment will remain the same as the current level. No environment-related livelihood impacts are anticipated.
||The project is classified as category B for involuntary resettlement. The project will require permanent land acquisition of 5.3 ha of village collective land for the construction of the three WSPs, including farmland, orchard land, construction land, wasteland, and water ponds. In all, 15 persons from two households renting 3.0 ha of collective land are affected directly by the permanent land acquisition. Use of the remaining 2.3 ha of affected collective village land will have only indirect impacts. In addition, total temporary land occupation for laying the pipelines, access road, storing construction materials, and other requirements will be about 151.4 ha, including 53.5 ha of state-owned land and 97.9 ha of collective land. The project will not trigger any house or building demolition. A resettlement plan was prepared, which is consistent with the requirements set out in ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. The budget for land acquisition is included in the project. When final design becomes available, the resettlement plan will be updated in consultation with the affected villages and submitted to ADB for approval. No land acquisition will be undertaken before ADB's approval of the final resettlement plan. The resettlement plan was disclosed on ADB website on 25 October 2013.
|During Project Design
Stakeholders, including the district government and its concerned departments, the water supply utilities, affected persons, and project beneficiary communities, were consulted through workshops, meetings, focused group discussions, and household surveys to improve the proejct desgin.
A community and participation plan has been prepared to (i) ensure participation and consultation during project design and tariff setting, and (ii) pilot participation of user groups in the operation and maintenance of the project facilities.