China, People's Republic of: Jiangxi Zhelin Lake Water Resources Integrated Utilization Project

Sovereign Project | 46080-001

Summary

The expected project impact is improved sustainability of socio-economic growth in Juijiang Municipality. The project will support the implementation of the Jiangxi Province (Poyang Lake) Water Resources Management Outline (2011-2015) and Jiujiang Municipality Development Master Plan (2008-2020). The expected outcome is a reliable and sustainable secondary water supply for Jiujiang Municipality.

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Project Name Jiangxi Zhelin Lake Water Resources Integrated Utilization Project
Project Number 46080-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8201-PRC: Jiangxi Zhelin Lake Water Resources Integrated Utilization
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The expected project impact is improved sustainability of socio-economic growth in Juijiang Municipality. The project will support the implementation of the Jiangxi Province (Poyang Lake) Water Resources Management Outline (2011-2015) and Jiujiang Municipality Development Master Plan (2008-2020). The expected outcome is a reliable and sustainable secondary water supply for Jiujiang Municipality.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The quality and availability of PRC's water resources is the most pressing resource bottleneck to the country's economic growth and environmental sustainability for the foreseeable future, and certainly over the next 10-15 years. The country's freshwater availability per capita is one of the world's lowest, which is further restricted because of increasing water pollution. In 2004, the Ministry of Environmental Protection (then the State Environmental Protection Administration) received reports of 67 water pollution incidents, which grew to 76 in 2005. The Songhua River chemical spill left around 3.5 million people temporarily out of access to drinking water and the government had to provide bottled water for domestic uses. In the PRC, more than half of the chemical enterprises concentrate in the Yangtze River Basin, which is affecting the water quality of the river in general and raises further risk of water security for cities along the river due to potential water pollution incidents. As a risk mitigation measure, the State Council requested the local governments to identify and develop secondary ('backup') water sources for emergency uses.

Jiujiang Municipality, the second largest municipality in Jiangxi Province and which lies along the Yangtze River, relies solely on the river for drinking water. The intensive upstream navigation and industrialization are significantly affecting the water quality and security of Jiujiang Municipality. Its rapid development process, which is critical for moving its economy forward, is stressing its freshwater resources. Various populations within and surrounding Jiujiang face precarious water and environmental security situations. Within Jiujiang municipality service area, about 10% of the service population is unconnected, which is equivalent to as many as 65,000 people. Outlying communities in the counties do not have sufficient treated, piped water supply systems or wastewater treatment infrastructure, yet these are a growing source of water pollution emissions. Demand for water increases exponentially, as urbanization, industrialization, and population growth rise in the municipality. When combined with climate change, its precarious water future becomes even more uncertain.

Considering the increasing risks of water pollution in upstream Yangtze River, the growing demand for water due to urbanization and industrialization, and the need for expanding water supply and wastewater infrastructure and services to the counties, the Jiujiang Municipal Government (JMG) has prepared a plan to explore a second water source to support the municipality's long-term development. This decision is presented in the Jiangxi Province Water Resources Management Outline (2011-2015) and Jiujiang Municipality Development Master Plan (2008-2020). Due to its large water volume and good water quality, Zhelin Lake has been selected as the second water source to supply water to counties located along the Chang-Jiu Industrial Corridor and in Jiujiang Municipality.

JMG plans to construct a weir downstream of Zhelin Lake to create an impoundment for water abstraction. Once the weir is constructed, substantial efforts on watershed protection will be made to ensure sustainable supply of high quality water from upstream Xiu River and Zhelin Lake.

The project design will incorporate lessons learned from ADB, the World Bank, and other donor programs relating to water resources protection and management, water supply, and wastewater treatment in the PRC. The project will also seek opportunities for public-private partnership. In particular, the project will introduce the following measures: (i) eco-compensation for Xiu River watershed protection ; (ii) water quality monitoring and early warning system; (iii) introduction of technical and nontechnical demand management measures for improved water conservation and environmental sustainability; (iv) identifying public-private partnership opportunities; and (v) water tariff reform.

The project is consistent with ADB's Water Operational Plan (2011) and will address the concerns of water security and environmental sustainability in the project area in the project design, which are: (i) satisfy household water security in all communities; (ii) support productive economies in agriculture and industry; (iii) develop vibrant, livable cities and towns; (iv) restore healthy rivers and ecosystems; and (v) build resilient communities that can adapt to climate change. The project is also in line with ADB's country partnership strategy, 2011-2015 for the PRC which supports the government's goal of building a harmonious society by promoting environmentally sustainable development.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services It is expected that 13 person-months of international and 40 person-months of national consultants are required. The consultants will support the executing and implementing agencies in completing the project feasibility studies and safeguard documents to a standard consistent with the requirements of ADB and the government. The consultants will also provide start-up project implementation support to the executing and implementing agencies. ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time) will be applied in recruiting consultants.
Responsible ADB Officer Qingfeng Zhang
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Jiujiang Municipal Development and Reform Com.Floor 4, Municipal Government Blvd,
Changhong Avenue Jiujiang City, Jiangxi
Province People's Republic of China
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 29 Oct 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2015

TA 8201-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Oct 2012 30 Nov 2012 30 Nov 2012 31 Oct 2013 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 750,000.00 29 Oct 2012 446,837.69

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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