The government requested ADB to provide a TA to help the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) in (i) designing the PRC's future environmental statistics system institutional framework, including a detailed action plan for reforming environmental statistics system; and (ii) preparing technical guidelines on accounting methods for livestock-related pollutants.
The expected TA impact will be enhanced institutional framework and capacity for monitoring and ensuring environmental sustainability in the PRC. The expected TA outcome will be MEP equipped with an improved technical and institutional framework for reform of environmental statistics system in the PRC.
The TA will produce the following outputs:
Output 1: A review of international experiences in environmental statistics systems and approaches prepared. The TA will review international experiences (with a focus on the United States and the Asian region, particularly Japan) in environmental statistics and reporting. The following suboutputs will be produced as part of this output: (i) a summary of international experience in data collection, reporting, verification, quality assurance control, data application and analysis, and institutional arrangements, including the supporting legal and policy framework; (ii) a summary of livestock-related pollutants' accounting methods from different Asian countries, with subsequent recommendations for the PRC's agricultural pollutants' accounting system; (iii) a review and synthesis of international environmental data analysis and application, and environmental statistics management from major Asian countries; resulting in recommendations for the PRC's environmental data analysis and application system; and (iv) a final report that incorporates suboutputs (i) (iii) and makes recommendations.
Output 2: A roadmap for an improved technical and institutional framework for the environmental statistics system for the PRC prepared. Based on development trends in international environmental statistics systems and the results of the pilot testing, the TA will propose the PRC's future environmental statistics system technical and institutional framework. The TA will also initiate and prepare a detailed action plan for reforming the environmental statistics system, and clarify short-term objectives and long-term tasks. The overall objective of this framework will be to outline the detailed procedures and steps for environmental statistics reform. The framework will also address in detail all the relevant technical standards, regulations, and provisions for each step of the full cycle of environmental statistics system (i.e., from the preparation to its application for environmental management).
Output 3: Technical guidelines on accounting methods for livestock-related pollutants prepared. Specific suboutputs related to the preparation of technical guidelines include (i) draft technical guidelines based on international and national experiences; (ii) detailed accounting methods for major livestock-related pollution parameters (i.e., chemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and ammonia); (iii) detailed reports synthesizing results from the pilot studies; (iv) technical training sessions on livestock-related pollutants' accounting methods and environmental data analysis and applications, with target groups to include local environmental protection bureau staff; and owners of the livestock; and (v) finalized technical guidelines on accounting methods for livestock-related pollutants.
The TA will implement the pilot project in selected locations (MEP-recommended Ma'anshan, Anhui Province; Sanming, Fujian Province; and Zhumadian, Henan Province). Detailed criteria for the selection of pilot project sites are being developed by MEP. It is anticipated that the pilot projects will take approximately 6 months to be completed. The results of the pilot projects will form the basis for the development of the technical guidelines on accounting methods for livestock-related pollution. MEP will seek to establish partnerships with city-level expert institutions when implementing the pilot projects.