Philippines: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach

Sovereign Project | 46199-001

Summary

The Government of the Philippines, through the Department of Social Work and Development (DSWD), requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide policy advisory technical assistance (TA) in the conceptualization and design of national community driven development program (NCDDP). The TA will complement ongoing preparatory work to design NCDDP in which the options and mechanisms for provincial local government unit engagement are areas that have not been supported. The TA will identify issues in the policy and institutional frameworks, financial arrangements, and capacities that hinder the coordination and institutionalization of CDD initiatives at the provincial level and propose concrete measures to overcome them. The TA is included in ADB's 2012-2014 country operations business plan for the Philippines.

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Project Name Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach
Project Number 46199-001
Country Philippines
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8106-PHI: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach (formerly Convergent Social Protection and Community Driven Development) (formerly Support for Social Protection II)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
TA 8106-PHI: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
TA 8106-PHI: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach (Supplementary)
Typhoon Yolanda Multi-Donor Trust Fund US$ 750,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Education - Education sector development

Public sector management - Social protection initiatives

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Government of the Philippines, through the Department of Social Work and Development (DSWD), requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide policy advisory technical assistance (TA) in the conceptualization and design of national community driven development program (NCDDP). The TA will complement ongoing preparatory work to design NCDDP in which the options and mechanisms for provincial local government unit engagement are areas that have not been supported. The TA will identify issues in the policy and institutional frameworks, financial arrangements, and capacities that hinder the coordination and institutionalization of CDD initiatives at the provincial level and propose concrete measures to overcome them. The TA is included in ADB's 2012-2014 country operations business plan for the Philippines.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Community driven development (CDD) approaches have been used by national government agencies and development partners in the Philippines to augment efforts of local government units (LGUs) to improve service delivery and address poverty at the community level. Among the key social development programs that apply CDD principles of participatory planning and community control of investments is the Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (KC) program managed by DSWD. Studies of KC highlight the benefits of CDD approach, which include increased household incomes, reduced investment costs, and higher economic rates of return. Furthermore, CDD has been found to be effective in targeting the poorest barangay in the poorest municipalities, in responding to the needs of the people, and in lessening the influence of patronage in the allocation of development resources.

The Government has recognized the value of CDD approach as reflected in the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016 and the National Anti-Poverty Framework, which both identify CDD as a core pillar of the country's overall development program and poverty reduction strategy. The Mission reaffirmed Government's commitment to scale up CDD implementation into a national CDD program (NCDDP), which is envisaged to expand opportunities for poor and underserved communities to choose, design, and implement projects that address their most pressing needs. NCDDP directly links to Government's efforts to converge social development programs. Building on the KC experience and moving from a project to a program approach, NCDDP aims to increase ongoing CDD operations from 373 municipalities in 48 provinces to 948 municipalities in 75 provinces. The Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cluster has adopted NCDDP as its flagship project. An NCDDP preparation team in DSWD and an NCDDP interagency preparation team have been created.

In view of the foregoing, DSWD requested ADB for a TA to support the conceptualization and design of NCDDP. The TA purpose is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2020, which aims to reduce poverty and promote inclusive growth. The TA is aligned with ADB's 2011-2016 country partnership strategy for the Philippines, which supports the Government in achieving efficient, effective, and equitable delivery of social services. The TA will further support the Government in addressing the lack of supply-side infrastructure in the poorest municipalities. The TA will also complement the demand-side interventions of ADB's support to the Government's social protection program by empowering the poor and vulnerable to take control of and manage resources that directly affect their welfare. The TA builds on ADB's support to the decentralization and local governance agenda of the Government, which focuses on improving local planning and budgeting systems, strengthening intergovernmental fiscal relations, and strengthening local service delivery. The TA (formerly titled Second Social Protection Support Project) is included in ADB's 2012-2014 country operations business plan for the Philippines.

Impact Poor, vulnerable, and disadvantaged individuals, families, and communities empowered and protected from risks
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome DSWD capacity to implement NCDDP enhanced
Progress Toward Outcome

As of 23 January 2015, the TA had 88% fund utilization rate and elapsed period of 86% since TA approval (83% since TA effectiveness). The TA, on its final year of implementation, has supported the required preparatory and analytical work for designing and implementing the KC-NCDDP, which included the following: (i) identification of appropriate funds flow mechanism given the collaborative co-financing arrangement with the WB, (ii) designing the required local counterpart contributions (LCC) of covered municipalities, (iii) provision of advice on decentralized setup of KC-NCDDP implementation. It also supported due diligence and preparatory work for the Project, including the linked documents to the Project's Report and Recommendation of the President. The TA assisted the EA in the start-up activities of KCNCDDP in Q1-Q3 2014, which included social awareness raising activities for KC-NCDDP as well as the enrolment of target municipalities in KC-NCDDP. The TA is preparing for the publication of a knowledge product based on the experiences and lessons learnt from the pilot testing of provincial government engagement in nationwide implementation of CDD. The TA

has substantially achieved its objectives.

The TA completion date was extended to 31 December 2015.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Options for improved policy and institutional framework for implementing NCDDP identified

2. Options for strengthened resource allocation, funds flow, and accountability mechanisms identified

3. Enhanced capacities of stakeholders in the provinces

4. Supported pilot-testing of NCDDP design elements related to PLGU engagement

5. Increased uptake of NCDDP community livelihood subprojects

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The TA has supported the engagement of provincial local government units (PLGUs) in KC-NCDDP implementation to identify areas wherein PLGUs can provide an area-wide and integrated perspective such as leveraging of PLGU resources to CDD subprojects. The provinces of Albay and Compostela Valley have been implementing subproject grants provided by the national government since February 2014 using the mechanisms (e.g., the municipal inter-barangay forum) for selecting and allocating subproject grants adopted by municipal local government units under the KALAHI CIDSS. One of the key lessons emerging from the pilot-test is that PLGUs can play a more active role in promoting local development and better utilization of local resources. A consulting firm has been engaged to manage the pilot-test in close collaboration with DSWD.
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The technical assistance (TA) will require 21 person-months of international and 72 person-months of national consultants.
Procurement All procurement will be done in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). All procured assets will be transferred to the executing agency after the completion of the TA. Disbursements under the TA will be in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Joel V. Mangahas
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Social Welfare and DevelopmentCorazon Juliano-Soliman, Secretarydinky@dswd.gov.phBatasan Pambansa Complex Constitution Hills, Quezon City Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 16 Mar 2012
Fact Finding 10 Apr 2012 to 20 Apr 2012
MRM -
Approval 04 Jul 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 8106-PHI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Jul 2012 06 Aug 2012 06 Aug 2012 31 Jul 2015 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,025,000.00 750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,775,000.00 04 Jul 2012 851,447.71

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