Philippines: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach

Sovereign Project | 46199-001 Status: Approved

Summary

The Government of the Philippines, through the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide policy advisory technical assistance (TA) in the conceptualization and design of national community driven development program (NCDDP). The TA will complement ongoing preparatory work to design NCDDP in which the options and mechanisms for provincial local government unit engagement are areas that have not been supported. The TA will identify issues in the policy and institutional frameworks, financial arrangements, and capacities that hinder the coordination and institutionalization of CDD initiatives at the provincial level and propose concrete measures to overcome them. The TA is included in ADB's 2012-2014 country operations business plan for the Philippines.

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Project Name Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach
Project Number 46199-001
Country Philippines
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8106-PHI: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach (formerly Convergent Social Protection and Community Driven Development) (formerly Support for Social Protection II)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
TA 8106-PHI: Enhancing Social Protection through Community-Driven Development Approach (Supplementary)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Typhoon Yolanda Multi-Donor Trust Fund US$ 750,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Education - Education sector development

Public sector management - Social protection initiatives

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Government of the Philippines, through the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to provide policy advisory technical assistance (TA) in the conceptualization and design of national community driven development program (NCDDP). The TA will complement ongoing preparatory work to design NCDDP in which the options and mechanisms for provincial local government unit engagement are areas that have not been supported. The TA will identify issues in the policy and institutional frameworks, financial arrangements, and capacities that hinder the coordination and institutionalization of CDD initiatives at the provincial level and propose concrete measures to overcome them. The TA is included in ADB's 2012-2014 country operations business plan for the Philippines.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Community driven development (CDD) approaches have been used by national government agencies and development partners in the Philippines to augment efforts of local government units (LGUs) to improve service delivery and address poverty at the community level. Among the key social development programs that apply CDD principles of participatory planning and community control of investments is the Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (KC) program managed by DSWD. Studies of KC highlight the benefits of CDD approach, which include increased household incomes, reduced investment costs, and higher economic rates of return. Furthermore, CDD has been found to be effective in targeting the poorest barangay in the poorest municipalities, in responding to the needs of the people, and in lessening the influence of patronage in the allocation of development resources.

The Government has recognized the value of CDD approach as reflected in the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016 and the National Anti-Poverty Framework, which both identify CDD as a core pillar of the country's overall development program and poverty reduction strategy. The Mission reaffirmed Governments commitment to scale up CDD implementation into a national CDD program (NCDDP), which is envisaged to expand opportunities for poor and underserved communities to choose, design, and implement projects that address their most pressing needs. NCDDP directly links to Governments efforts to converge social development programs. Building on the KC experience and moving from a project to a program approach, NCDDP aims to increase ongoing CDD operations from 373 municipalities in 48 provinces to 948 municipalities in 75 provinces. The Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cluster has adopted NCDDP as its flagship project. An NCDDP preparation team in DSWD and an NCDDP interagency preparation team have been created.

In view of the foregoing, DSWD requested ADB for a TA to support the conceptualization and design of NCDDP. The TA purpose is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2020, which aims to reduce poverty and promote inclusive growth. The TA is aligned with ADB's 2011-2016 country partnership strategy for the Philippines, which supports the Government in achieving efficient, effective, and equitable delivery of social services. The TA will further support the Government in addressing the lack of supply-side infrastructure in the poorest municipalities. The TA will also complement the demand-side interventions of ADB's support to the Government's social protection program by empowering the poor and vulnerable to take control of and manage resources that directly affect their welfare. The TA builds on ADBs support to the decentralization and local governance agenda of the Government, which focuses on improving local planning and budgeting systems, strengthening intergovernmental fiscal relations, and strengthening local service delivery. The TA (formerly titled Second Social Protection Support Project) is included in ADB's 2012-2014 country operations business plan for the Philippines.

Impact Poor, vulnerable, and disadvantaged individuals, families, and communities empowered and protected from risks
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome DSWD capacity to implement NCDDP enhanced
Progress Toward Outcome

The TA has supported the required preparatory and analytical work for designing and implementing the KC-NCDDP, which included the following: (i) identification of appropriate funds flow mechanism given the collaborative co-financing arrangement with the WB, (ii) designing the required local counterpart contributions (LCC) of covered municipalities, (iii) provision of advice on decentralized setup of KC-NCDDP implementation. It also supported due diligence and preparatory work for the Project, including the linked documents to the Projects Report and Recommendation of the President. The TA assisted the EA in the start-up activities of KCNCDDP in Q1-Q3 2014, which included social awareness raising activities for KC-NCDDP as well as the enrolment of target municipalities in KC-NCDDP. The TA is preparing for the publication of a knowledge product based on the experiences and lessons learnt from the pilot testing of provincial government engagement in nationwide implementation of CDD.

In Aug 2015, ADB has approved an additional financing of $750,000 from the Typhoon Yolanda Multi-Donor Trust Fund (TYMTF) to fund community livelihood projects under KC-NCDDP. The additional financing was provided to: (i) refine DSWD's policy and procedures to provide sustainable livelihood support under KC-NCDDP; (ii) enhance existing operational guidelines to improve the implementation of sustainable livelihood subprojects; (iii) enhance the capacity of stakeholders to undertake CDD; (iv) selectively fund innovative, sustainable livelihood initiatives under CDD such as enterprise training and surveys.

The TA implementation period is extended until 31 December 2016.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Options for improved policy and institutional framework for implementing NCDDP identified

2. Options for strengthened resource allocation, funds flow, and accountability mechanisms identified

3. Enhanced capacities of stakeholders in the provinces

4. Supported pilot-testing of NCDDP design elements related to PLGU engagement

5. Increased uptake of NCDDP community livelihood subprojects

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1 has supported the provision of technical inputs that defined the strategic roles of provinces in local development and their participation in the implementation of KC-NCDDP in light of the existing national government programs on improving governance performance. An issue paper was prepared and discussed with the EA, which contributed to the design of pilot testing of PLGU engagement, required capacity building for PLGUs, and initial identification of pilot provinces. This output supported the dialogues of the EA with local chief executives of pilot PLGUs, provincial consultations, and technical discussions with the EA on PLGU engagement process and implementing structure. As requested by the EA, this output supported knowledge sharing on good practices and lessons learnt for strengthening the implementation, convergence, and sustainability of key social development programs of the EA, namely, the KC-NCDDP, sustainable livelihood program (SLP), and conditional cash transfer program (Pantawid).

Output 2 generated options and advice for improving financial management arrangements under KC-NCDDP, including fiduciary arrangements for channeling Project grants to communities. It assisted the EA in identifying fund flow mechanism for KC-NCDDP by formulating fund flow options. It also provided options and advice on designing the required LCC of covered municipalities by examining the capacity of municipalities to mobilize LCC for KC-NCDDP and bottom-up budgeting program of national government. The output supported further due diligence on the Project, which produced financial management assessment and risk assessment and management plan. To support the institutionalization of participatory planning and budgeting processes and rationalize resource allocation, the Mission and the EA agreed to prepare brief policy notes on 4-5 topics related to integration and harmonization of CDD in local government processes and relevant national government programs. The policy notes are expected to be completed before end of 2015.

Output 3 aims to provide institutional support to establish mechanisms for facilitation and technical support to PLGUs and communities during the transition phase of KC-NCDDP implementation. Training of selected PLGUs (non-pilot) for KC-NCDDP was not carried out under the TA as it will depend on the results of the pilot testing of PLGU engagement in KC-NCDDP, and will require enrolment process. Nonetheless, the TA supported the capacity building of key technical staff of pilot PLGUs through trainings, workshops, and learning exchange on CDD processes. As an initial result of the pilot testing, one of the pilot PLGUs (Albay Province) signed a memorandum of agreement with the EA in Q4 2014 for its involvement in the implementation of KC-NCDDP in the province. Related to this output, the TA supported regional advocacy activities which facilitated the enrolment of target municipalities in KC-NCDDP and generated awareness on the program among Yolanda-affected provinces, civil society organizations, humanitarian/ international organizations, and representatives from selected communities.

Output 4 supports the pilot testing of KC-NCDDP design elements, which aims to identify areas wherein PLGU engagement can leverage its resources to complement and optimize CDD benefits. Currently, the pilot testing is in its final stage of implementation in Albay and Compostela Valley, which are still implementing subproject grants provided by the national government in February 2014 using the mechanisms for selecting and allocating subproject grants under the KALAHI CIDSS project (e.g., the municipal inter-barangay forum). The Mission noted the commitment of both provinces to complete their respective subprojects by end of March 2015. Although some subprojects may slide to June 2015, it will not require extension of services of project staff beyond March 2015 as the remaining activities will focus on progress monitoring of only one or two subprojects per province, which can be performed by the province in coordination with the EA's regional office.

Output 5 will be supported by the additional financing. The TA has been extended to cover the delivery of this output.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The technical assistance (TA) require 21 person-months of international and 72 person-months of national consultants.
Procurement All procurement will be done in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). All procured assets will be transferred to the executing agency after the completion of the TA. Disbursements under the TA will be in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Joel V. Mangahas
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Social Welfare and Development
Corazon Juliano-Soliman, Secretary
dinky@dswd.gov.ph
Batasan Pambansa Complex Constitution Hills, Quezon City Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 25 Sep 2015

TA 8106-PHI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Jul 2012 06 Aug 2012 06 Aug 2012 31 Jul 2015 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,025,000.00 750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,775,000.00 04 Jul 2012 858,671.73

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