Lao People's Democratic Republic: Strengthening National Commission for Advancement of Women Network in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport

Sovereign Project | 46238-001

Summary

ADB's Strategy 2020 emphasizes gender equity as a driver of change essential for achieving inclusive and sustainable growth and reducing poverty. The country partnership strategy (CPS) 2012-2016 for Lao PDR emphasizes gender equity in all operations to ensure a high degree of equity and inclusiveness, and that both males and females contribute to and benefit from development in an equitable manner. Among others, agriculture and municipal services have been identified as suitable for gender mainstreaming. In light of the expanding investments in urban development, water supply and sanitation and with the potential for gender mainstreaming and the need to strengthen the implementation of gender strategies of ongoing and future projects, a small-scale technical assistance is proposed to strengthen the capacity of the National Commission for Advancement of Women (NCAW) to support line ministries in gender sensitive planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).

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Project Name Strengthening National Commission for Advancement of Women Network in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport
Project Number 46238-001
Country Lao People's Democratic Republic
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8139-LAO: Strengthening National Commission for Advancement of Women Network in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Transport - Transport policies and institutional development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description ADB's Strategy 2020 emphasizes gender equity as a driver of change essential for achieving inclusive and sustainable growth and reducing poverty. The country partnership strategy (CPS) 2012-2016 for Lao PDR emphasizes gender equity in all operations to ensure a high degree of equity and inclusiveness, and that both males and females contribute to and benefit from development in an equitable manner. Among others, agriculture and municipal services have been identified as suitable for gender mainstreaming. In light of the expanding investments in urban development, water supply and sanitation and with the potential for gender mainstreaming and the need to strengthen the implementation of gender strategies of ongoing and future projects, a small-scale technical assistance is proposed to strengthen the capacity of the National Commission for Advancement of Women (NCAW) to support line ministries in gender sensitive planning, budgeting and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The National Strategy for the Advancement of Women 2011-2015 (NSAW) comprises four main programs including (i) development of an information system with sex-segregated statistics and dissemination and awareness raising, (ii) institutional and personnel strengthening for the advancement of women (iii) ensuring gender equality and women empowerment to participate in all fields and (iv) fulfillment of the obligations of Lao PDR under the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) conventions and other international conventions pertaining to women. NCAW is tasked with implementing NSAW which outlines gender related goals and targets for each sector. However, NCAW lacks the capacity to provide assistance to sector ministries to integrate these goals into sector strategies and plans.

NCAW's mandate is to support NCAW networks in line ministries divisions for the advancement of women (DAW) and subcommittees for the advancement of women (Sub-CAWs) which have limited human and technical resources and lack clear understanding of their roles, responsibilities and coordination mechanisms for effective gender mainstreaming. Hence, gender has not been well integrated into the planning, budgeting and M&E cycle of most line ministries, as these lack critical capacity in gender analysis and gender sensitive M&E. Given ADB's extensive past and present involvement in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT), with projects in three important line departments: Urban, Transport and Water Supply, ADB support under the small-scale capacity development technical assistance (S-CDTA) will focus on this ministry. Lessons learned and materials developed can then be utilized by NCAW to introduce gender sensitive planning and budgeting in other line ministries.

MPWT is responsible for infrastructure development and services in Lao PDR. Considerable gender gaps consist in service delivery as a result of a systematic bias in planning, monitoring and evaluation which reduce sector performance. The lack of uniform performance indicators makes monitoring and gender evaluation of gender mainstreaming in the public works and transport sector challenging. While project-specific gender training manuals, guidelines and action plans exist, there are as yet no standardized manuals or guidelines for gender-integrated planning, monitoring and evaluation for the sector. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the capacity of MPWT, its line departments and Sub-CAW members, and DAW staff with training to standardize gender analysis, planning and M&E in MPWT. Gender-integration activities in development partner funded projects tend to have limited coordination with MPWT's DAW and other line departments. Further, Sub-CAW members in the line departments have yet to be involved in MPWT's project planning processes. While DAW is positioned in MPWT's organizational hierarchy at the Ministry's Office, with an established gender network from the central (Sub-CAW secretariat), provincial (Women's Advance Unit), and district level (gender focal points), it lacks operational tools to mainstream gender in the ministries' systems and frameworks.

The proposed S-CDTA builds on experience of previous ADB-funded TA projects for gender mainstreaming in LAO PDR and Cambodia. The 2005 TA focused largely on the development of systems, procedures and gender analysis training in the agriculture sector. Initial lessons learned from the 2010 ADB funded TA for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) revealed that the integration of gender issues into plans, programs and M&E was effective. The TA also shows that in integrating gender mainstreaming in line ministries it is important to identify and cultivate gender champions. Since DAW is responsible for integrating gender into planning, gender mainstreaming will be sustained. MPWT has not yet integrated NSAW into the sector strategy due to a lack of capacity and tools related to gender sensitive analysis and M&E. Gender-mainstreaming activities occur in development partner-funded projects without coordination with central planning and resource allocation processes. In addition, Sub-CAW members in the line departments have yet to be involved in MPWT project planning processes. Therefore, it is necessary to establish clear terms of reference and coordination mechanisms between DAW, Sub-CAW and line departments.

Impact Strengthened capacity of NCAW to support line ministries in effective implementation of gender-sensitive planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved gender- sensitive planning and monitoring capacity of NCAW , DAW and Sub-CAW network in MPWT
Progress Toward Outcome All TA expected outcomes achieved.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1:

Strengthened capacity of NCAW network (DAW and Sub-CAW) in MPWT with clear roles and responsibilities for gender integration into plans and programs of MPWT

Output 2:

Developed capacity for gender sensitive planning, budgeting and M&E.

Output 3:

Developed knowledge products on gender mainstreaming in MPWT

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The TA has strengthened coordination mechanisms within Ministry of Public Works and Transport to support the advancement of women. The following documents have been developed and disseminated nationwide: (i) strategy for the advancement of women in the public works and transport sector; (ii) guidelines for integrating gender into planning, monitoring, and evaluation. The TA's knowledege sharing workshop was conducted on 20 February 2015, in which more than 70 participants from MPWT, line ministries and development partners participated.
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will engage one international institutional and gender mainstreaming specialist (Team Leader) for 8 person-months on an intermittent basis; and one national institutional development and gender specialist (Deputy Team Leader) for a fulltime 18 person-months. The consultants will be based in the DAW office, MPWT, and closely work with the NCAW secretariat. ADB-LRM will recruit consultants on an individual basis, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). Consultant contracts will be signed by COSO. The outline terms of reference for the consultants are advertised in both local newspaper and via the CMS system.
Responsible ADB Officer Phoxay Xayyavong
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Lao Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Asian Development BankBarbara Lochmann, Sr. Social Sector Specialist6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 25 Jul 2012
Fact Finding 26 Mar 2012 to 27 Mar 2012
MRM -
Approval 09 Aug 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2015

TA 8139-LAO

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Aug 2012 - 09 Aug 2012 01 Apr 2014 31 Mar 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 225,000.00 09 Aug 2012 217,371.27

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