Kyrgyz Republic: Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy

Sovereign Project | 46350-001 Status: Active


The Kyrgyz Republic's rural water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector has been performing poorly and issues faced by the sector are:

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Project Name Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy
Project Number 46350-001
Country Kyrgyz Republic
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8375-KGZ: Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
TA 8375-KGZ: Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy (Supplementary)
Multi-Donor Trust Fund under the Water Financing Partnership Facility US$ 50,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management - Public administration

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Kyrgyz Republic's rural water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector has been performing poorly and issues faced by the sector are:

a. Absence of a national rural WSS Policy. There is no national WSS policy or strategy for development, coordination and organization of either rural or urban WSS sectors. Neither rural nor urban WSS sectors have been included in the Kyrgyz Republic's Medium Term Development Plan (2012-14). In the absence of government commitment to sector development, the rural WSS service levels have been continuously declining. The Taza Suu program managed to slow down and temporarily reverse the decline in service levels. However, due to lack of rural WSS policy, most of the rural WSS systems constructed or rehabilitated under the Taza Suu program are not sustainable, and many systems are already inoperable. ADB requirement to develop a sector development policy and legal and regulatory framework for rural water asset creation and service delivery, as part of the Community-Based Infrastructure Services Sector Project (CBISSP), was ignored by the government. The World Bank is currently preparing a high level participative WSS strategy that will outline the principles for reforms in the WSS sector. The World Bank plans to complete the strategy paper and action plan by May 2013.

b. Weak sector governance. The only central government agency operating in the WSS sector is the Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sewerage Development (DDWSSD), under the State Agency for Architecture, Construction and Communal Services (SAACCS). This department is responsible for development of both rural and urban WSS sectors. However, DDWSSD has low level of authority and capacity as it has been recently created after the new government took charge. In its previous forms, DDWSSD has been frequently moved between different ministries and agencies due to its role in channeling development partner funds.

c. Poor implementation of development partner projects. ADB has financed two rural WSS projects in the Kyrgyz Republic, Community Based Infrastructure Services Sector Project (CBISSP) and Community-Based Infrastructure Services Sector Project - Supplementary (CBISSP-S) Both of these projects faced major implementation difficulties.

" CBISSP implementation issues comprised: (i) cost overruns; (ii) weak administration; (iii) poor selection of subprojects; (iv) poor performance of consultants, design institutes, and contractors; (v) poor execution of works, with substandard or even second hand equipment being installed; and (vi) poor sustainability of subprojects. In order to rectify deficiencies in execution of works, improve sustainability of subprojects and meet original project targets, ADB approved supplementary financing through CBISSP-S in 2009.
" CBISSP-S implementation issues comprise: (i) integrity breaches; (ii) low capacity of government implementation staff; (iii) poor application of selection criteria to identify subprojects; (iv) unsustainable institutional model and operations and maintenance practices; (v) poor supervision and poorly executed works; and (vi) non-compliance with ADB grant covenants and frequent violations of ADB rules and procedures. Based on the findings of the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity's Project Procurement-Related Review (PPPR), ADB suspended the Grant in May 2012.
" Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) 1 and 2 projects financed by World Bank and United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) faced similar implementation problems.

d. Poor service delivery. Most of the rural water supply infrastructure in the Kyrgyz Republic was built 40 to 50 years ago, during the Soviet period. Initially, the water supply systems provided reliable services. (Post-1991), the rural WSS infrastructure has deteriorated and is now in poor condition or inoperative. WSS systems built or rehabilitated through the Taza Suu Program are operated by the Community Drinking Water Users Unions (CDWUU) created in each benefitting village. Rural WSS systems that are not covered by the Taza Suu Program are operated directly by local governments. However, rural WSS services are poorly delivered because of: (i) a financing gap resulting from low revenues due to low tariff bases and poor collection; (ii) asset deterioration due to insufficient funds for maintenance and reinvestment; (iii) ineffective organization of service provision, lack of skilled personnel and reliance on outdated and inefficient construction norms and standards; and (iv) poor sector regulation and management. Overall, the rural WSS levels of service are low as shown by the indicators below (best estimates):

" Low Water Supply Coverage: 50% 60% in rural areas.
" Non-Potable Water: 2% of chemical and 10% of microbiological tests failed.
" Insufficient Hours of Supply: 4 hours to 20 hours water supply a day.
" High Water Losses: Actual level of losses is unknown, but it is estimated to be 35% 45%.
" Low Sewerage Coverage: Less than 25% of rural population has access to improved sanitation facilities.
Impact Improved rural WSS services

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Institutional arrangement established for rural WSS services
Progress Toward Outcome Ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Rural WSS policy adopted

2. Capacity development program developed

3. Framework for infrastructure development and system maintenace developed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Ongoing.
Geographical Location

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Discussions held with First Vice Prime Minister, Vice Prime Minister for Real Economy, State Agency for Architecture Construction and Communal Services (SAACCS), Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sewerage Development (DDWSSD), Ministry of Finance.
During Project Implementation SAACCS, DDWSSD, Ministry of Finance, NGOs, civil society organisations, customers, Community Drinking Water Users Unions (CDWUU), local governments (including staff involved in WSS service provision) have being consulted.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

Individual consultants will be engaged by ADB to implement the proposed TA, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Individual consultants are being used rather than a firm in order to: (i) increase speed of procurement; (ii) obtain a specific mix of skills; and (iii) eliminate any undue influence on the outputs from local design institutes. The cost estimates and financing plan are in Appendix 2. Disbursements under the TA will be made in accordance with the Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010 as amended)

A team of international consultants (21 person-months) and national consultants (18 person-months) will develop the TA outputs. Team will include four international and three national consultants. The consultants should have expertise in regulatory and institutional matters, communications, finance, economics, WSS and Kyrgyz law.

Procurement All procurement will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Nargiza Talipova
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
State Agency for Construction and Regional Development
28, Manas Avenue, Bishkek /Kyrgyz Republic


Concept Clearance 25 Jan 2013
Fact Finding -
Approval 03 Jun 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2016

TA 8375-KGZ

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Jun 2013 02 Jul 2013 02 Jul 2013 30 Nov 2014 30 Jul 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
750,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 800,000.00 03 Jun 2013 724,694.56
Title Document Type Document Date
Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy Technical Assistance Reports Jun 2013

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