Tonga: Climate Resilience Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 46351-002

Summary

The purpose of the Project described below (the Project) is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared by Tonga under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) . The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resources (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those of vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures.

Latest Project Documents

Consulting Notices

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Procurement Notices

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Procurement Documents

Title Document Date
Climate Resilience Sector Project Oct 2013

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Project Name Climate Resilience Sector Project
Project Number 46351-002
Country Tonga
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0378-TON: Climate Resilience Sector Project
Strategic Climate Fund US$ 19.25 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Multisector - Multisector

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The purpose of the Project described below (the Project) is to implement the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) prepared by Tonga under phase II of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) . The Project will mainstream climate resilience into development planning and address country priorities focusing on the most vulnerable sectors and communities. The Project will (i) build capacity in climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector and national levels; (ii) provide information, tools, and legislative frameworks needed to introduce climate change considerations into government and sector planning and budgeting processes; and (iii) provide access to resources (technical, human, financial) to address the climate change risk priorities of the Government, as well as those of vulnerable communities through a combination of soft and hard measures. This will lead to a progressive increase in the resilience of ecosystems and infrastructure; the foundations of the country's sustainable development aspirations. The Project will be financed on a grant basis from the Strategic Climate Fund which is one of two funds within the design of the Climate Investment Fund.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Tonga reported that all key sectors are likely to be significantly affected by climate change, with major environmental, economic, and social consequences. Particular concerns include impacts on agricultural production, water supply, and coastal infrastructure and resources. The effects of climate change are exacerbating natural hazards such as tsunamis, cyclones, coastal flooding, and droughts. Over the last few decades, Tonga observed a higher variability of rainfall causing localized flooding as well as droughts related to El Nino events. Increased ocean temperatures have caused coral bleaching and destruction of habitats for reef species. Sea level rise, estimated in the order of 6 millimeter/year, is contributing to coastal erosion and subsequent damage to infrastructure and properties . Increased exposure to tropical cyclones and storm surges have caused significant economic losses to Tonga's economy (e.g. tropical cyclones Waka in 2002 and Rene in 2010 inflicted losses of $60 million and $22 million respectively). Tonga has a 50% chance of experiencing an annual loss exceeding $175 million and casualties larger than 440 people due to natural hazards .

While there is country commitment and a national strategy-the Joint National Action Plan (JNAP) on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management-to address climate and related disaster risk challenges facing Tonga, efforts to date have been constricted due to severe resource-constraints. During the design and capacity building phase of the PPCR, the Government of Tonga and other stakeholders identified impediments to a more effective response including: (i) a limited pool of qualified and trained experts to mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk management at community, sector, and national levels; (ii) lack of information, tools, and legislative frameworks for relevant sectors and stakeholders to develop and implement adaptation strategies; and (iii) challenges in accessing adequate climate change financing for priority adaptation needs. This requires a systematic and integrated approach toward climate change resilience and disaster risk reduction. The Project will build on training provided to government representatives and other stakeholders to undertake risk and capacity assessments under Phase I.

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has developed a strong partnership with the Government of Tonga. Both ADB's Pacific Approach 2010-2014 , and country operations business plan 2013-2015 for Tonga , emphasize the need for integration of climate change adaptation and disaster risk management to deal with climate-induced natural disasters. Current ADB programming under the Integrated Urban Development Sector Project, Implementing Strategic Economic Management Technical Assistance, and Public Finance Management Road Map provides ADB with a clear understanding of the challenges Tonga faces in mainstreaming climate change considerations into government operations. This includes the need for increased capacity, coordination, whole-of-government involvement, donor harmonization as well as consideration of recurrent costs for the sustainability of critical investments.

The Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Center of the Pacific Regional Infrastructure Facility has been providing technical assistance for the development of a National Infrastructure Investment Plan (NIIP) which outlines the Government of Tonga's priorities and plans for major economic infrastructure initiatives over the next 5 to 10 years. A review of the NIIP supported by the Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Center, is planned for the last quarter of 2012 and will provide a broad assessment of the potential risks and vulnerability of economic infrastructure to climate change and natural disasters, based on existing studies and materials. This will form the basis for the identification of key sectors as well as the prioritization of critical climate proofing needs of infrastructure investments to be targeted under the SPCR.

Impact Increased resilience of vulnerable communities to climate variability and change, and disaster risk in Tonga.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Strengthened capacity of government and communities to finance, develop, monitor, and implement investments to improve ecosystem resilience and climate proof critical infrastructure.
Progress Toward Outcome Recruitment of PMU for projection implementation in progress.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Climate resilience mainstreamed into development planning of vulnerable sectors.

2. Monitoring and management of climate data and information improved.

3. Sustainable financing mechanism to support community-based climate responsive investments.

4. Ecosystem resilience and climate-resilient infrastructure investments developed.

5. Project successfully Managed and Implemented.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The project to date has primarily aimed at ensuring the consultancy services packages are ready for recruitment to assist the government in project implementation. The climate change trust fund is currently going through a process of public consultations and the CCTF operational manual being finalized. Once government has agreed on the operational manual ADB will review the manual.
Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Project has three ~main components; (i) capacity building; (ii) climate change financing; and (iii) climate proofing of infrastructure and ecosystem resilience. Component 3 is the most environmentally sensitive and includes as one activity the construction of rock walls and the planting of mangroves to reduce the impacts of sea level rise, storm surge and storm events on local communities and linear infrastructure.
Involuntary Resettlement The Project has three main components; (i) capacity building; (ii) climate change financing; and (iii) climate proofing infrastructure and ecosystem resilience. Core sub-projects identified under component 3 do not require Involuntary Resettlement (IR). A Land Acquisition Resettlement Framework however will still be done for any unanticipated IR issues if they should arise in implementation with potential candidate subprojects
Indigenous Peoples The project is not expected to impact any distinct and vulnerable group of indigenous peoples as defined under ADB s Safeguard Policy Statement. The beneficiaries in the project sites are part of mainstream Polynesian society and are not discriminated upon due to their language, skin color, or traditional practices. All project outputs will be delivered in a culturally appropriate and participatory manner
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Under the previous CDTA (RETA 7827) resulting in Tonga's SPCR, several methods were used to consult with stakeholders in Tonga: meetings and workshops, semi-structured interviews with industry representatives (private sector, environment and other nongovernment organizations (NGOs), media, insurance, Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MECC) staff), focus groups in Vava'u, and a household survey of vulnerable communities in Vava'u and Tongatapu. Further engagement with the above stakeholders in the project is envisaged through additional workshops during the PPTA.
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Jude Kohlhase
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance and National PlanningVuna Road
Nuku'alofa
Kingdom of Tonga
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Dec 2012
Fact Finding 08 Jul 2013 to 19 Jul 2013
MRM 06 Sep 2013
Approval 09 Dec 2013
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Mar 2015

Grant 0378-TON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Dec 2013 25 Feb 2014 12 Mar 2014 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 23.13 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 09 Dec 2013 0.00 0.47 2%
Counterpart 3.88 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 19.25 09 Dec 2013 0.00 0.20 1%
Title Document Type Document Date
Grant Agreement for Climate Resilience Sector Project Grant Agreement Feb 2014
Climate Resilience Sector Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2013
Climate Resilience Sector Project Gender Action Plans Nov 2013
Climate Resilience Sector Project Project/Program Administration Manual Nov 2013
Climate Resilience Sector Project Procurement Plans Oct 2013

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Climate Resilience Sector Project Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2013
Climate Resilience Sector Project Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Sep 2013

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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